The sestertius (plural sestertii), or sesterce (plural sesterces), was an ancient Roman coin. During the Roman Republic it was a small, silver coin issued only on rare occasions. During the Roman Empire it was a large brass coin.
A Sestertius (sometimes called sesterce in English was an Ancient Roman coin.It was frequently used in trade. Its value was two and a half asses, another Roman coin. Four sestertii (or setercves) were worth a denarius, another oin worth ten Asses.
The double sestertius was a large Roman coin made of orichalcum first issued by Trajan Decius in AD 249-251, as a response to the inflationary pressures of the time which had devalued the buying power of the conventional sestertius. In reality the new coin was little bigger than the traditional sestertius, which by then was being manufactured ...
- Gold, Solidus, Silver, Argenteus, Nummus, Copper, Radiate, Laureate, Denarius
- Bronze, Aes rude, Aes signatum
- Gold, Aureus, Dacicus, Silver, Antoninianus (32 asses), Denarius (16), Quinarius (8), Copper, Double sestertius (8), Sestertius (2 ¹⁄₂; later 4), Dupondius (2), As (1), Semis (¹⁄₂), Quadrans (¹⁄₄)
- Gold, Aureus, Silver, Denarius, Sestertius, Victoriatus, Quadrigatus, Bronze and copper, Dupondius (2 asses), As (1), Dodrans (³⁄₄), Bes (²⁄₃), Semis (¹⁄₂), Quincunx (⁵⁄₁₂), Triens (¹⁄₃), Quadrans (¹⁄₄), Sextans (¹⁄₆), Uncia (¹⁄₁₂), Semuncia (¹⁄₂₄)
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A sestertius egy római érme volt. A köztársaság idején kis méretű ezüstpénz, később (Augustus pénzreformja után 23-ban) nagyméretű bronzpénz volt. A Kr. e. 3. századtól Kr. u. 293-ig használták. Egy sestertius 4 ast ért. A denariusnak a negyedét érte. A bronz sestertius tömege 27,3 gramm volt.
Sestertius = 2 dupondii ex orichalco = 4 asses ex cupro = 8 semisses ex orichalco = 16 quadrantes ex cupro. Tum unciam aurichalci pependit, id est circiter 27 gr (duodecimam partem librae Romanae). De iusto pondere loquor ; reapse sestertii servati inter 24 et 30 gr. pondo esse solent, quia nummus aeneus Romae magna parte fiduciarius fuit nec ...
(Classical) IPA(key): /seːsˈter.ti.us/, [seːsˈt̪ɛr.t̪i.ʊs](Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /sesˈter.t͡si.us/, [sɛsˈt̪ɛr.t͡si.us]
sēstertius m (genitive sēstertiī or sēstertī); second declension 1. sesterce (small coin worth 2 and a half asses) 2. two and a half (only in certain phrases)sestertius in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Presssestertius in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
The name sestertius is a combination of semis, meaning half, and tres, meaning three, which when combined with an adjectival termination means three with the last equal half resulting in two and a half, the coin's original value in asses.
Denarius first struck. According to Pliny, it was established that the denarius should be given in exchange for ten pounds of bronze, the quinarius for five pounds, and the sestertius for two-and-a-half.YearEventWeightPurity267 BCPredecessor6.81 g?211 BCIntroduction4.55 g95–98%200 BCDebasement3.9 g95–98%141 BCDebasement3.9 g95–98%
The dupondius (Latin two-pounder) was a brass coin used during the Roman Republic and Roman Empire valued at 2 asses (4/5 of a sestertius or 1/5 of a denarius during the Republic and 1/2 of a sestertius or 1/8 of a denarius during the time of Augustus).
Sesterț (uneori denumit și sesterțiu) (în latină sestertius, la plural sestertii) este denumirea purtată de o monedă romană, inițial de argint, mai târziu de bronz, respectiv oricalc, subdiviziune a denarului.