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  1. › wiki › Soviet_UnionSoviet Union - Wikipedia

    The Soviet Union was an ethnically diverse country, with more than 100 distinct ethnic groups. The total population of the country was estimated at 293 million in 1991. According to a 1990 estimate, the majority of the population were Russians (50.78%), followed by Ukrainians (15.45%) and Uzbeks (5.84%). [220]

    • Republics of The Soviet Union
    • Geography, Climate and Environment
    • History
    • Sports
    • Culture

    The Soviet Union consisted of 15 republics. These were either Soviet Socialist Republics, or Soviet Socialist Federal Republics. Each republic was independent and handled its own cultural affairs. Each also had the right to leave the union, which they did in 1991. The Federal Republics were different in that they had more autonomy, and were made up...

    The Soviet Union at its largest size in 1991, with 22,400,000 square kilometres (8,600,000 sq mi), was the world's biggest country. Covering a sixth of the world's land, its total size was comparable to North America's. The western part (in Europe) accounted for a quarter of the country's area, and was the country's cultural and economic center. Th...

    The last Russian Tsar (emperor), Nicholas II, ruled Russia until March 1917, when the Russian Empire was taken over and a short-lived "provisional government" replaced it, led by Alexander Kerensky and soon to be overthrown in November by Bolsheviks. From 1917 to 1922, the country that came before the Soviet Union was the Russian Soviet Federative ...

    Made on July 20th, 1924, in Moscow, Sovetsky Sportwas the first sports newspaper of the Soviet Union.

    The culture of the Soviet Union went through several stages during the USSR's existence. During the first 10 years following the revolution, there was freedom and artists tested several different styles to find a distinctive Soviet style of art. Lenin wanted art to be available to the Russian people. On the other hand, hundreds of smart people, wri...

  2. In the Soviet union, the eleven-year period from the death of Joseph Stalin (1953) to the political ouster of Nikita Khrushchev (1964), the national politics were dominated by the Cold War; the ideological U.S. – USSR struggle for the planetary domination of their respective socio–economic systems, and the defense of hegemonic spheres of influence.

  3. The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics ( USSR ), was a country that spanned much of Eurasia from 1922 to 1991. A flagship communist state, it was nominally a federal union of fifteen national republics; in practice, both its government and its economy were highly centralized until its final years.

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    • Leadership Transition
    • Rise of Gorbachev
    • Ousting The Old Guard
    • Dissolution of The USSR
    • Summary
    • Post-Soviet Restructuring
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    By 1982, the stagnation of the Soviet economy was obvious, as evidenced by the fact that the Soviet Union had been importing grain from the U.S. throughout the 1970s, but the system was so firmly entrenched that any real change seemed impossible. A huge rate of defense spending consumed large parts of the economy. The transition period that separat...

    In addition to the failing economy, the prolonged war in Afghanistan, often referred to as the Soviet Union's "Vietnam War", led to increased public dissatisfaction with the Communist regime. Also, the Chernobyl disasterin 1986 added motive force to Gorbachev's glasnost and perestroika reforms, which eventually spiraled out of control and caused th...

    After years of stagnation, the "new thinking" of younger Communist apparatchik began to emerge. Following the death of terminally ill Konstantin Chernenko, the Politburo elected Mikhail Gorbachev to the position of General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) in March 1985. At 54, Gorbachev was the youngest person since Josep...

    The dissolution of the Soviet Union' was a process of systematic disintegration, which occurred in the economy, social structure and political structure. It resulted in the abolition of the Soviet Federal Government ("the Union center") and independence of the USSR's republics on 26 December 1991. The process was caused by a weakening of the Soviet...

    The principal elements of the old Soviet political system were Communist Party dominance, the hierarchy of soviets, state socialism, and ethnic federalism. Gorbachev's programs of perestroika (restructuring) and glasnost (openness) produced radical unforeseen effects that brought that system down.As a means of reviving the Soviet state, Gorbachev r...

    To restructure the Soviet administrative command system and implement a transition to a market economy, Yeltsin's shock program was employed within days of the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The subsidies to money-losing farms and industries were cut, price controls abolished, and the ruble moved towards convertibility. New opportunities for Yelt...

    Adelman, Jonathan R., and Deborah Anne Palmieri. The dynamics of Soviet foreign policy(Harpercollins, 1989).
    Andrew, Christopher and Vasili Mitrokhin. The World Was Going Our Way: The KGB and the Battle for the Third World(Basic Books, 2005).
    Downing, Taylor. Reagan, Andropov, and a World on the Brink(2018)
    d'Encausse, Hélène Carrère, The End of the Soviet Empire: The Triumph of the Nations (Basic Books, 1992), ISBN 0-465-09818-5
  5. › wiki › Soviet_UnionSoviet Union - Wikipedia

    1 On 21 December 1991, eleiven o the umwhile socialist republics declared in Alma-Ata (wi the 12t republic – Georgie – attendin as a observer) that wi the formation o the Commonwalth o Unthirlt States the Union o Soviet Socialist Republics ceases tae exist. 2 Assigned on 19 September 1990, existin onwairds. 3 The govrenments o Estonie ...

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