A coin of Sweyn Forkbeard, minted in 995; this is the earliest known coin with a Latin inscription minted in Scandinavia, based on Anglo-Saxon models and made by an English moneyer (obv.: ZVEN REX AD DENER "Sven, king of [or among] the Danes", rev.: GOD-WINE M-AN D-NER "Godwine, moneyer among the Danes").
Historiographical sources on Sweyn's life include the...
Sweyn had eight children with Sigrid the Haughty and Gunhild...
- Cultural depictions
King Sweyn Forkbeard is played by Ernest Graves in the 1970...
Sweyn I, or Sweyn Forkbeard, (c 960 - 3 February 1014) was King of Denmark from about 985-3 February 1014 and King of England from 25 December 1013-3 February 1014. Sweyn's father was Harald Bluetooth, King of Denmark. Sweyn invaded England many times between 990 and 1013, when his army took control of London on Christmas day.
after doing a google search (not just books, though, didnt want to resrtict to just recent publications found on Google) sweyn+forkbeard=14,600, swein+forkbeard=505 and svend+forkbeard=657 so I reckon that's maybe not so dated as we reckoned, and in English it is convention to call him that. so...-- Ciriii 17:48, 20 July 2006 (UTC)
- Revolt and Possible Exile
- Battle of Svolder
- Invasions of England
In the mid-980s, Sweyn revolted against his father and seized the throne. Harald was driven into exile and died shortly afterwards in November 986 or 987. Adam of Bremen depicted Sweyn as a rebellious pagan who persecuted Christians, betrayed his father and expelled German bishops from Scania and Zealand. According to Adam, Sweyn was sent into exile by his father's German friends and deposed in favour of king Eric the Victorious of Sweden, whom Adam wrote ruled Denmark until his death in 994 or 995. Sørensen (2001) argues that Adam's depiction of Sweyn may be overly negative, as seen through an "unsympathetic and intolerant eye". Adam's account is thus not seen as entirely reliable; the claimed 14-years' exile of Sweyn to Scotland does not seem to agree with Sweyn's building churches in Denmark throughout the same period, including the churches in Lund and Roskilde.According to Adam, Sweyn was punished by God for leading the u...
Harald Bluetooth had already established a foothold in Norway, controlling Vikenin c. 970.He may, however, have lost control over his Norwegian claims following his defeat against a German army in 974. Sweyn built an alliance with Swedish king Olof Skötkonung and Eirik Hákonarson, Jarl of Lade, against Norwegian king Olaf Tryggvason. The Kings' sagas ascribe the causes of the alliance to Olaf Tryggvason's ill-fated marriage proposal to Sigrid the Haughty and his problematic marriage to Thyri, sister of Svein Forkbeard. The allies attacked and defeated king Olaf in the western Baltic Sea when he was sailing home from an expedition, in the Battle of Svolder, fought in September of either 999 or 1000. The victors divided Norway among them. According to the account of the Heimskringla, Sweyn re-gained direct control of Viken district. King Olaf of Sweden received four districts in Trondheim as well as Møre, Romsdal and Rånrike...
King Sweyn enlisted priests and bishops from England rather than from the Archbishopric of Bremen. This may have been a reason for Adam of Bremen's apparent hostility in his accounts. Numerous converted priests of Danish origin from the Danelaw lived in England, while Sweyn had few connections to Germany or its priests.By allowing English ecclesiastical influence in his kingdom, he was spurning the Hamburg-Bremenarchbishop. Since German bishops were an integral part of the secular state, Sweyn's preference for the English church may have been a political move. He sought to pre-empt any threat against his independence posed by the German kings.
The "Chronicle of John of Wallingford" (c. 1225–1250) records Sweyn's involvement in raids against England during 1002–1005, 1006–1007, and 1009–1012 to avenge the St. Brice's Day massacre of England's Danish inhabitants in November 1002. According to Ashley (1998), Sweyn's invasion was partly motivated by the massacre of Danes in England ordered by Aethelred the Unready in 1002, in which his sister and brother-in-law are said to have been killed.but Lund (2001) argues that the main motivation for the raids was more likely the prospect of revenue. Sweyn campaigned in Wessex and East Anglia in 1003–1004, but a famine forced him to return to Denmark in 1005. Further raids took place in 1006–1007, and in 1009–1012 Thorkell the Tall led a Viking invasion into England. Simon Keynes regards it as uncertain whether Sweyn supported these invasions, but "whatever the case, he was quick to exploit the disruption caused by the activities of...
Sweyn Forkbeard (Auld Norse: Sveinn Tjúguskegg; 960 - 3 Februar 1014) wis keeng o Denmark an Ingland, as well as pairts o Norawa.
Feb 01, 2020 · From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository Media in category "Sweyn Forkbeard" The following 19 files are in this category, out of 19 total. 049-King Sweyn sailing up the Thames.png 1,567 × 2,058; 3.6 MB
- The Church and Currency
Family and early life
Many details about Sweyn's life are contested. Scholars disagree about the various, too often contradictory, accounts of his life given in sources from this era of history, such as the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Adam of Bremen's Deeds of the Bishops of Hamburg, and the Heimskringla, a 13th-century work by Icelandic author Snorri Sturluson. Conflicting accounts of Sweyn's later life also appear in the Encomium Emmae Reginae, an 11th-century Latin encomium in honour of his son king Cnut's queen Emm...
Invasions of England
The "Chronicle of John of Wallingford" (ca. 1225–1250) records Sweyn's involvement in raids against England during 1002–1005, 1006–1007, and 1009–1012 to revenge the St. Brice's Day massacre of England's Danish inhabitants in November 1002. Sweyn was believed to have had a personal interest in the atrocities, with his sister Gunhildeand her husband possibly amongst the victims. Sweyn campaigned in Wessex and East Anglia in 1003–1004, but a famine forced him to return to Denmark in 1005. Furth...
On the northern edges of the relatively recent Holy Roman Empire, with its roots in Charlemagne's conquests about two hundred years prior to Sweyn's time, Sweyn Forkbeard had coins made with an image in his likeness. The Latininscription on the coins read, "ZVEN REX AD DENER", which translates as "Sven, king of the Danes". Sweyn's father, Harald Bluetooth, was the first of the Scandinavian kings to accept Christianity officially, in the early or mid-960s. According to Adam of Bremen, an 11th-century historian, Harald's son Sweyn was baptised Otto, in tribute to the German king Otto I, who was the first Holy Roman Emperor. Forkbeard is never known to have officially made use of this Christian name.
Adam of Bremen's writings about Sweyn and his father may have been influenced by Adam's desire to emphasise Sweyn's father Harald as a candidate for sainthood. He claimed that Sweyn, who was baptised along with his father, was a heathen.. This may have been true, as much of Scandinavia was paganat the time, but there are no data to corroborate the assertion. German and French records support that Harald Bluetooth was baptised. According to Adam, Sweyn was punished by God for leading the uprising which led to king Harald's death, and had to spend "fourteen years" abroad – perhaps a Biblical reference from an ecclesiasticalwriter, as it refers to the symbolic number seven. Adam purports that Sweyn was shunned by all those with whom he sought refuge, but was finally allowed to live for a while in Scotland. Adam's intention appeared to be to show that Sweyn belonged with heathens and was not fit to rule a Christian country. According to Adam, Sweyn only achieved success as a ruler after...
Sweyn had eight children with Sigrid the Haughty and Gunhild of Wenden: 1. Harald 2. Cnut 3. Gytha 4. Gunnhild 5. Santslaue 6. Thyra 7. Estrid 8. daughter (name unknown)
- c. 960 Denmark
- Sweyn Forkbeard
- Harald II, Cnut the Great
Sep 15, 2018 · Sweyn Forkbeard (Source: Wikipedia). SweynI Haraldsson is better known as Sweyn Forkbeard, or Svend Tveskaeg. He is born in the 960s CE, but the exact date of birth is unknown. As a Danish prince, he leads an eventful life and becomes one of the most powerful European kings of his time.
Sweyn was born in England, as the son of Ulf Thorgilsson and Estrid Svendsdatter, the latter of whom was the daughter of King Sweyn I Forkbeard and sister of Kings Harald II and Canute the Great. Sweyn grew up a military leader, and served under king Anund Jacob of Sweden for a time.
England was conquered by Sweyn Forkbeard at the end of the same year, but he died shortly thereafter, paving the way for Æthelred to return to the throne, which he did, but not without opposition. Sweyn's son, Cnut, was defeated and returned to Denmark , where he assembled an invasion force to re-conquer England.
- related to: Sweyn Forkbeard wikipedia