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  1. Thirteen Colonies - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thirteen_Colonies

    The Thirteen Colonies, also known as the Thirteen British Colonies or the Thirteen American Colonies, were a group of colonies of Great Britain on the Atlantic coast of North America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries which declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States of America.

  2. Thirteen Colonies - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thirteen_Colonies

    The Thirteen Colonies were British North American colonies in which is now the eastern seaboard of the United States.There were a few reasons for the colonies founding. Some people thought they would make a lot of money in new goods in America that could not be found in Europe, such as tobacco.

  3. Thirteen Colonies - Wikipedia

    sco.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thirteen_Colonies

    The Thirteen Colonies wur Breetish Colonies on the Atlantic coast o North Americae foondit atween 1607 (Virginie) an 1733 (Georgie). The colonies began collaboratin at the Albany Congress o 1754 tae demand mair richts an set up a Continental Congress that declared unthirldom frae Great Breetain in 1776 an furmed a new sovereign state, the Unitit States o Americae.

  4. Category:History of the Thirteen Colonies - Wikipedia

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    Wikimedia Commons has media related to History of the Thirteen Colonies.: Pages in this category should be moved to subcategories where applicable. This category may require frequent maintenance to avoid becoming too large.

  5. Colonial government in the Thirteen Colonies - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colonial_government_in_the...

    The thirteen colonies were all founded with royal authorization, and authority continued to flow from the monarch as colonial governments exercised authority in the king's name. A colony's precise relationship to the Crown depended on whether it was a charter colony , proprietary colony or royal colony as defined in its colonial charter .

  6. Category:Thirteen Colonies - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Thirteen_Colonies

    Pages in category "Thirteen Colonies" The following 19 pages are in this category, out of 19 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().

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  8. Cuisine of the Thirteen Colonies - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuisine_of_the_Thirteen...

    The cuisine of the Thirteen Colonies includes the foods, bread, eating habits, and cooking methods of the Colonial United States. In the period leading up to 1776, a number of events led to a drastic change in the diet of the American colonists.

  9. Education in the Thirteen Colonies - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_the_Thirteen...

    Education in the Thirteen Colonies during the 17th and 18th centuries varied considerably. Public school systems existed only in New England. In the 18th Century, the Puritan emphasis on literacy largely influenced the significantly higher literacy rate (70 percent of men) of the Thirteen Colonies, mainly New England, in comparison to Britain (40 percent of men) and France (29 percent of men)

    • Colonies
    • 17th Century
    • 18th Century
    • American Revolution
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    In 1606, King James I of Eng­land granted char­ters to both the Ply­mouth Com­pany and the Lon­don Com­pany for the pur­pose of es­tab­lish­ing per­ma­nent set­tle­ments in North Amer­ica. The Lon­don Com­pany es­tab­lished the Colony and Do­min­ion of Vir­ginia in 1607, the first per­ma­nently set­tled Eng­lish colony on the North Amer­i­can con­ti­nent. The Ply­mouth Com­pany founded the Popham Colony on the Ken­nebec River, but it was short-lived. The Ply­mouth Coun­cil for New Eng­land spon­sored sev­eral col­o­niza­tion pro­jects, cul­mi­nat­ing with Ply­mouth Colony in 1620 which was set­tled by the Eng­lish Pu­ri­tans, known today as the Pil­grims. The Dutch, Swedish, and French also es­tab­lished suc­cess­ful North Amer­i­can colonies at roughly the same time as the Eng­lish, but they even­tu­ally came under the Eng­lish crown. The Thir­teen Colonies were com­plete with the es­tab­lish­ment of the Province of Geor­gia in 1732, al­though the term "Thir­teen Colonies" be­came...

    Southern colonies

    The first suc­cess­ful Eng­lish colony was Jamestown, es­tab­lished May 14, 1607 near Chesa­peake Bay. The busi­ness ven­ture was fi­nanced and co­or­di­nated by the Lon­don Vir­ginia Com­pany, a joint stock com­pany look­ing for gold. Its first years were ex­tremely dif­fi­cult, with very high death rates from dis­ease and star­va­tion, wars with local In­di­ans, and lit­tle gold. The colony sur­vived and flour­ished by turn­ing to to­bacco as a cash crop. In 1632, King Charles I granted the...

    New England

    The Pil­grims were a small group of Pu­ri­tan sep­a­ratists who felt that they needed to phys­i­cally dis­tance them­selves from the cor­rupt Church of Eng­land. After ini­tially mov­ing to the Nether­lands, they de­cided to re-es­tab­lish them­selves in Amer­ica. The ini­tial Pil­grim set­tlers sailed to North Amer­ica in 1620 on the Mayflower. Upon their ar­rival, they drew up the Mayflower Com­pact, by which they bound them­selves to­gether as a united com­mu­nity, thus es­tab­lish­ing the...

    Middle Colonies

    Be­gin­ning in 1609, Dutch traders ex­plored and es­tab­lished fur trad­ing posts on the Hud­son River, Delaware River, and Con­necti­cut River, seek­ing to pro­tect their in­ter­ests in the fur trade. The Dutch West India Com­pany es­tab­lished per­ma­nent set­tle­ments on the Hud­son River, cre­at­ing the Dutch colony of New Nether­land. In 1626, Peter Mi­nuit pur­chased the is­land of Man­hat­tan from the Lenape In­di­ans and es­tab­lished the out­post of New Am­s­ter­dam. Rel­a­tively few...

    In 1702, East and West Jer­sey were com­bined to form the Province of New Jer­sey. The north­ern and south­ern sec­tions of the Car­olina colony op­er­ated more or less in­de­pen­dently until 1691, when Philip Lud­well was ap­pointed gov­er­nor of the en­tire province. From that time until 1708, the north­ern and south­ern set­tle­ments re­mained under one gov­ern­ment. How­ever, dur­ing this pe­riod, the two halves of the province began in­creas­ingly to be known as North Car­olina and South Car­olina, as the de­scen­dants of the colony's pro­pri­etors fought over the di­rec­tion of the colony. The colonists of Charles Town fi­nally de­posed their gov­er­nor and elected their own gov­ern­ment. This marked the start of sep­a­rate gov­ern­ments in the Province of North Car­olina and the Province of South Car­olina. In 1729, the king for­mally re­voked Car­olina's colo­nial char­ter and es­tab­lished both North Car­olina and South Car­olina as crown colonies. In the 1730s, Par­lia­men...

    In re­sponse, the colonies formed bod­ies of elected rep­re­sen­ta­tives known as Provin­cial Con­gresses, and Colonists began to boy­cott im­ported British merchandise. Later in 1774, 12 colonies sent rep­re­sen­ta­tives to the First Con­ti­nen­tal Con­gress in Philadel­phia. Dur­ing the Sec­ond Con­ti­nen­tal Con­gress, the re­main­ing colony of Geor­gia sent del­e­gates, as well. Mass­a­chu­setts Gov­er­nor Thomas Gage feared a con­fronta­tion with the colonists; he re­quested re­in­force­ments from Britain, but the British gov­ern­ment was not will­ing to pay for the ex­pense of sta­tion­ing tens of thou­sands of sol­diers in the Thir­teen Colonies. Gage was in­stead or­dered to seize Pa­triot ar­se­nals. He dis­patched a force to march on the ar­se­nal at Con­cord, Mass­a­chu­setts, but the Pa­tri­ots learned about it and blocked their ad­vance. The Pa­tri­ots re­pulsed the British force at the April 1775 Bat­tles of Lex­ing­ton and Con­cord, then lay siege to Boston. By spring...

    The colo­nial pop­u­la­tion rose to a quar­ter of a mil­lion dur­ing the 17th cen­tury, and to nearly 2.5 mil­lion on the eve of the Amer­i­can rev­o­lu­tion.Perkins (1988) notes the im­por­tance of good health for the growth of the colonies: "Fewer deaths among the young meant that a higher pro­por­tion of the pop­u­la­tion reached re­pro­duc­tive age, and that fact alone helps to ex­plain why the colonies grew so rapidly." There were many other rea­sons for the pop­u­la­tion growth be­sides good health, such as the Great Mi­gra­tion. By 1776, about 85% of the white pop­u­la­tion's an­ces­try orig­i­nated in the British Isles (Eng­lish, Irish, Scot­tish, Welsh), 9% of Ger­man ori­gin, 4% Dutch and 2% Huguenot French and other mi­nori­ties.Over 90% were farm­ers, with sev­eral small cities that were also sea­ports link­ing the colo­nial econ­omy to the larger British Em­pire. These pop­u­la­tions con­tin­ued to grow at a rapid rate dur­ing the late 18th and early 19th cen­turies, pr...

    The three forms of colo­nial gov­ern­ment in 1776 were provin­cial (royal colony), pro­pri­etary, and char­ter. These gov­ern­ments were all sub­or­di­nate to the King of Eng­land with no rep­re­sen­ta­tion in the Par­lia­ment of Great Britain. The ad­min­is­tra­tion of all British colonies was over­seen by the Board of Tradein Lon­don be­gin­ning late in the 17th cen­tury. The provin­cial colony was gov­erned by com­mis­sions cre­ated at plea­sure of the king. A gov­er­nor and his coun­cil were ap­pointed by the crown. The gov­er­nor was in­vested with gen­eral ex­ec­u­tive pow­ers and au­tho­rized to call a lo­cally elected as­sem­bly. The gov­er­nor's coun­cil would sit as an upper house when the as­sem­bly was in ses­sion, in ad­di­tion to its role in ad­vis­ing the gov­er­nor. As­sem­blies were made up of rep­re­sen­ta­tives elected by the free­hold­ers and planters (landown­ers) of the province. The gov­er­nor had the power of ab­solute veto and could pro­rogue(i.e., delay) an...

    Be­sides these thir­teen colonies, Britain had an­other dozen in the New World. Those in the British West In­dies, New­found­land, the Province of Que­bec, Nova Sco­tia, Prince Ed­ward Is­land, Bermuda, and East and West Florida re­mained loyal to the crown through­out the war (al­though Spain reac­quired Florida be­fore the war was over, and later sold it to the United States). There was a cer­tain de­gree of sym­pa­thy with the Pa­triot cause in sev­eral of the other colonies, but their ge­o­graph­i­cal iso­la­tion and the dom­i­nance of British naval power pre­cluded any ef­fec­tive participation.The British crown had only re­cently ac­quired those lands, and many of the is­sues fac­ing the Thir­teen Colonies did not apply to them, es­pe­cially in the case of Que­bec and Florida. At the time of the war Britain had seven other colonies on the At­lantic coast of North Amer­ica: New­found­land, Ru­pert's Land (the area around the Hud­son Bay), Nova Sco­tia, Prince Ed­ward Is­land, E...

    The first British Em­pire cen­tered on the Thir­teen Colonies, which at­tracted large num­bers of set­tlers from Britain. The "Im­pe­r­ial School" in the 1900–1930s took a fa­vor­able view of the ben­e­fits of em­pire, em­pha­siz­ing its suc­cess­ful eco­nomic integration. The Im­pe­r­ial School in­cluded such his­to­ri­ans as Her­bert L. Os­good, George Louis Beer, Charles M. An­drews, and Lawrence Gip­son. The shock of Britain's de­feat in 1783 caused a rad­i­cal re­vi­sion of British poli­cies on colo­nial­ism, thereby pro­duc­ing what his­to­ri­ans call the end of the First British Em­pire, even though Britain still con­trolled Canada and some is­lands in the West Indies. Ash­ley Jack­sonwrites: Much of the his­to­ri­og­ra­phy con­cerns the rea­sons why the Amer­i­cans re­belled in the 1770s and suc­cess­fully broke away. Since the 1960s, the main­stream of his­to­ri­og­ra­phy has em­pha­sized the growth of Amer­i­can con­scious­ness and na­tion­al­ism and the colo­nial re­pub­l...

    Adams, James Truslow (1922). The Founding of New England. Atlantic Monthly Press; full text online.
    Adams, James Truslow. Revolutionary New England, 1691–1776(1923)
    Andrews, Charles M. The Colonial Period of American History(4 vol. 1934–38), the standard political overview to 1700
    Carr, J. Revell (2008). Seeds of Discontent: The Deep Roots of the American Revolution, 1650–1750. Walker Books.
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