A trident / ˈtraɪdənt / is a three- pronged spear. It is used for spear fishing and historically as a polearm. The trident is the weapon of Poseidon, or Neptune, the God of the Sea in classical mythology. The trident may occasionally be held by other marine divinities such as Tritons in classical art.
The word "trident" comes from the French word trident, which...
- Mythology and art
The trident is associated with the sea god Poseidon. This...
- Classical uses
In Ancient Greece, the trident was employed as a harpoon for...
A trident / ˈtraɪdənt / is a three- pronged spear. It is used for spearfishing. Historically it was used as a polearm. Gladiators used them in Ancient Rome after they cast a net to trap their opponent.
Trident (spacecraft) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Trident is a space mission concept to the outer planets proposed in 2019 to NASA 's Discovery Program. The concept includes flybys of Jupiter and Neptune with a focus on Neptune's largest moon Triton.
- Proposed: 25 October 2025, (with a backup in October 2026)
- Reconnaissance, flyby of outer planets
- 13 years (planned)
- Use in software development
- Use cases
- Standards compliance
- Microsoft alternatives
Trident is a proprietary browser engine for the Microsoft Windows version of Internet Explorer, developed by Microsoft. Trident debuted with the release of Internet Explorer 4 in 1997. For versions 7 and 8 of Internet Explorer, Microsoft made significant changes to Trident's layout capabilities to improve compliance with Web standards and add support for new technologies. Since Internet Explorer 11 continues to receive security updates, Trident still gets basic maintenance. However, this does no
Trident was designed as a software component to allow software developers to easily add web browsing functionality to their own applications. It presents a COM interface for accessing and editing web pages in any COM-supported environment, like C++ and.NET. For instance, a web browser control can be added to a C++ program and Trident can then be used to access the page currently displayed in the web browser and retrieve element values. Events from the web browser control can also be captured. Tr
All versions of Internet Explorer for Windows from 4.0 onwards use Trident, and it is also used by various other web browsers and software components. In Windows 98, Windows Me, and Windows 2000, it is also used for the Windows file manager/shell, Windows Explorer. The Add/Remove Programs tool in Windows 2000 uses Trident to render the list of installed programs, and in Windows XP it is also used for the User Accounts Control Panel, which is an HTML Application. Trident, however, was not used by
Current versions of Trident, as of Internet Explorer 9 have introduced support for CSS 3, HTML5, and SVG, as well as other modern web standards. Web standards compliance was gradually improved with the evolution of Trident. Although each version of IE has improved standards support, including the introduction of a "standards-compliant mode" in version 6, the core standards that are used to build web pages were sometimes implemented in an incomplete fashion. For example, there was no support for
Apart from Trident, Microsoft also has and uses several other layout engines. One of them, known as Tasman, was used in Internet Explorer 5 for Mac. Development of Internet Explorer for Mac was halted in roughly 2003, but development of Tasman continued to a limited extent, and was later included in Office 2004 for Mac. Office for Mac 2011 uses the open source WebKit engine. Microsoft's now defunct web design product, Expression Web as well as Visual Studio 2008 and later do not use Internet Exp
- Products and flavors
- United Kingdom
Trident is a brand of sugar-free chewing gum. It was originally introduced by American Chicle shortly before it was bought by Warner-Lambert in 1962, but did not reach the UK until 2007 when it was introduced by its then-owner Cadbury Schweppes. in the United Kingdom. In many other European countries, Trident is branded as Stimorol gum; it is generally the same as Trident. The trident is also a symbol of the Greek sea god, Poseidon.
When artificial sweeteners became widespread in the early 1960s, the formula was changed to use saccharin instead of sugar, and Sugar-Free Trident was introduced in 1964 with the slogan "The Great Taste that Is Good for Your Teeth." American Chicle's marketing was one of the first national campaigns to promote dental health through chewing gum. Trident was manufactured by the American Chicle subsidiary of Warner-Lambert until 1997, when American Chicle became Adams. In 2000, Warner-Lambert was s
Original Trident, a soft gum packaged in a unique rectangular shape, is sweetened with xylitol, a sugar alcohol that reduces plaque and protects teeth against decay associated with dental caries by helping to maintain a neutral pH balance in the mouth. It is also sweetened with s
Trident White, a pellet gum, does not contain xylitol. It contains aspartame. Trident White no longer contains Recaldent, a milk-derived ingredient that aids in the remineralization of teeth. 1. Cinnamon Tingle 2. Cool Bubble 3. Cool Colada 4. Cool Mangoberry 5. Cool Rush 6. Pepp
Trident Splash is also a pellet gum, except each piece is filled with a gel-like liquid that is flavored differently from its outer shell. Trident splash contains the ingredient gelatine and thus is not suitable for vegans or people who eat only kosher meat or foods, except for t
Trident gum was introduced to the British market in 2007. Seven flavours of Trident currently exist in the UK, after a period of new flavours and discontinuations.
- Conventional Trident
The Trident missile is a submarine-launched ballistic missile equipped with multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles. Originally developed by Lockheed Missiles and Space Corporation, the missile is armed with thermonuclear warheads and is launched from nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines. Trident missiles are carried by fourteen United States Navy Ohio-class submarines, with American warheads, as well as four Royal Navy Vanguard-class submarines, with British warheads. The mis
In 1971, the US Navy began studies of an advanced Undersea Long-range Missile System. A Decision Coordinating Paper for the ULMS was approved on 14 September 1971. ULMS program outlined a long-term modernization plan, which proposed the development of a longer-range missile termed ULMS II, which was to achieve twice the range of the existing Poseidon missile. In addition to a longer-range missile, a larger submarine was proposed to replace the Lafayette, James Madison and Benjamin Franklin-class
The launch from the submarine occurs below the sea surface. The missiles are ejected from their tubes by igniting an explosive charge in a separate container which is separated by seventeen titanium alloy pinnacles activated by a double alloy steam system. The energy from the blast is directed to a water tank, where the water is flash-vaporized to steam. The subsequent pressure spike is strong enough to eject the missile out of the tube and give it enough momentum to reach and clear the surface
The Pentagon proposed the Conventional Trident Modification program in 2006 to diversify its strategic options, as part of a broader long-term strategy to develop worldwide rapid strike capabilities, dubbed "Prompt Global Strike". The US$503 million program would have converted existing Trident II missiles into conventional weapons, by fitting them with modified Mk4 reentry vehicles equipped with GPS for navigation update and a reentry guidance and control segment to perform 10 m class impact ac
- 13.41 m
- 2.11 m
- 19 030 km/h
- Lockheed Martin Space Systems
- UK Nuclear Policy
- Design, Development and Construction
During the early part of the Second World War, the United Kingdom (UK) had a nuclear weapons project, code-named Tube Alloys, which the 1943 Quebec Agreement merged with the American Manhattan Project to create a combined American, British, and Canadian project. The British government expected that the United States (US) would continue to share nuclear technology, which it regarded as a joint discovery, but the United States Atomic Energy Act of 1946 (McMahon Act) ended technical co-operation. Fearing a resurgence of US isolationism, and losing its own great power status, the British government resumed its own development effort. The first British atomic bomb was tested in Operation Hurricane on 3 October 1952. The subsequent British development of the hydrogen bomb, and a fortuitous international relations climate created by the Sputnik crisis, facilitated the amendment of the McMahon Act, and the 1958 US–UK Mutual Defence Agreement (MDA), which allowed Britain to acquire nuclear w...
The Cabinet Secretary, Sir John Hunt briefed Cabinet on Polaris on 28 November 1977, noting that a possible successor might take up to 15 years to bring into service, depending on the nature of system chosen, and whether it was to be developed by the UK, or in collaboration with France or the US. With the recent experience of Chevaline in mind, the option of a purely British project was rejected. A study of the options was commissioned in February 1978 from a group chaired by the Deputy Under-Secretary of State at the Foreign Office, Sir Antony Duff, with the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Ministry of Defence, Sir Ronald Mason. The Duff-Mason Report was delivered to the Prime Minister, James Callaghan, in parts on 11 and 15 December. It recommended the purchase of the American Trident I C-4 missile then in service with the US Navy. The C-4 had multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicle(MIRV) capability, which was needed to overcome the Soviet ABM defences....
The Trident programme was initiated during the Cold War, and it was designed to provide an ongoing independently-controlled deterrentagainst major threats to the security of the UK and its NATO allies, including threats posed by non-nuclear weapons. To provide an effective deterrent, the Trident system was intended to "pose a potential threat to key aspects of Soviet state power" whilst being invulnerable to a surprise or pre-emptive nuclear strike. As with Polaris, Trident was owned and oper...
By the time of the first Vanguard patrol in December 1994, the Soviet Union no longer existed, and the government adjusted its nuclear policy in the following years. Trident's missiles were "detargetted" in 1994 ahead of Vanguard's maiden voyage.The warheads are not aimed at specific targets but await co-ordinates that can be programmed into their computers and fired with several days' notice. Under the terms of the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty with the Soviet Union, the US w...
Four Vanguard-class submarines were designed and built at Barrow-in-Furness by Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering, now BAE Systems Submarines, the only shipbuilder in the UK with the facilities and expertise to build nuclear submarines. Even so, £62 million worth of new shipbuilding and dock facilities were added for the project, with the Devonshire Dock Hall built specially for it. The initial plan was to build new versions of the Resolution-class, but in July 1981 the decision was taken t...
In British service, Trident II missiles are fitted with a thermonuclear warhead called Holbrook. The warhead is of variable yield design and is estimated to have a maximum yield of 100 kilotons of TNT (420 TJ), with lower yields in the range of 0.3 kilotons of TNT (1.3 TJ) and 5 kilotons of TNT (21 TJ) to 10 kilotons of TNT (42 TJ) The UK government was sensitive to charges that the replacement of Polaris with Trident would involve an escalation in the numbers of British nuclear weapons. When...
Trident II D-5 missiles
Trident II D-5 is a submarine-launched ballistic missile built by Lockheed Martin Space Systems in Sunnyvale, California, and deployed by the US Navy and the Royal Navy. The British government contributed five per cent of its research and development costs under the modified Polaris Sales Agreement. The development contract was issued in October 1983, and the first launch occurred in January 1987. The first submarine launch was attempted by USS Tennesseein March 1989. This attempt failed beca...
The principle of Trident's operation is known as Continuous At-Sea Deterrence (CASD), which means that at least one submarine is always on patrol. Another submarine is usually undergoing maintenance and the remaining two are in port or on training exercises. During a patrol, the submarine is required to remain silent and is allowed to make contact with the UK only in an emergency. It navigates using mapped contour lines of the ocean floor and patrols a series of planned "boxes" measuring seve...
Command and control
Only the prime minister or a designated survivor can authorise the missiles to be fired. These orders would likely be issued from the Pindar command bunker under Whitehall in central London. From there, the order would be relayed to the Commander, Task Force 345 (CTF 345) operations room at the Northwood Headquarters facility in Hertfordshire, the only facility allowed to communicate with the Vanguard commander on patrol. Communications are relayed via IP over VLF from a transmitter site at S...
Trident is based at HMNB Clyde on the west coast of Scotland. The base consists of two facilities — Faslane Naval Base on Gare Loch near Helensburgh, and an ordnance depot with 16 concrete bunkers set into a hillside at Coulport, 4 km (2.5 mi) to the west. Faslane was constructed and first used as a base during the Second World War. This location was chosen as the base for nuclear-armed submarines at the height of the Cold War because of its position close to the deep and easily navigable Fir...
The Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) was a national movement founded in the late 1950s, initially in opposition to nuclear testing. It reached its peak around 1960, by which time it had evolved into a broader movement calling for Britain to unilaterally give up nuclear weapons, withdraw from NATO, and end the basing of nuclear-armed aircraft in the UK. The end of atmospheric nuclear testing, internal squabbles, and activists focusing their energies on other causes led to a rapid decline, but it revived in the early 1980s in the wake of the Thatcher government's December 1979 decision to allow the deployment of GLCMs in the UK under the NATO Double-Track Decision, and the announcement of the decision to purchase Trident in July 1980. Membership leapt from 3,000 in 1980 to 50,000 a year later, and rallies for unilateral nuclear disarmament in London in October 1981 and June 1982 attracted 250,000 marchers, the largest ever mass demonstrations in the UK up to that time. The 1982...
Royal United Services Institute
The Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), a British defence and security think tank, released a paper in July 2010 assessing four possible options for maintaining both an effective nuclear deterrent and also reducing costs in light of anticipated budget restrictions. These proposals were motivated by the fact that funding for the Trident renewal programme now had to come from the core Ministry of Defence budget. Four alternatives were considered: Trident submarines on continuous patrol; Tri...
Trident Alternatives Review
The 2013 Trident Alternatives Review was an 18-month study led by the Cabinet Office that was aimed at establishing whether or not there were credible alternatives to the UK's submarine-based CASD. Accordingly, the review analysed a range of delivery systems and warhead designs with respect to their affordability and effectiveness against potential targets.Ultimately, the Trident Alternatives Review came to the conclusion that there were alternatives to Trident that "would enable the UK to be...
The Trident Commission
In 2011, BASIC launched an independent cross-party Commission to initiate a deeper national debate on the UK's nuclear weapons policy and examine questions around the contentious issue of Trident renewal. The Commission operated under the chairmanship of former Labour Secretary of State for Defence, Lord Browne of Ladyton; former Conservative Defence and Foreign Secretary, Sir Malcolm Rifkind; and Sir Menzies Campbell, former leader of the Liberal Democrats and Shadow Foreign Secretary.After...
2006 Defence White Paper
The Vanguard-class submarines were built with a 25-year life expectancy, taking them into the 2020s. Trident II D-5 missiles are expected to continue in service until at least 2040 following an upgrade. A December 2006 Ministry of Defence white paper, entitled "The Future of the United Kingdom's Nuclear Deterrent", recommended that the nuclear weapons should be maintained and outlined measures that would do so until the 2040s. It advocated the currently preferred submarine-based system, as it...
A decision on the renewal of Trident was made on 4 December 2006. Prime Minister Tony Blairtold MPs it would be "unwise and dangerous" for the UK to give up its nuclear weapons. He outlined plans to spend up to £20bn on a new generation of submarines for Trident missiles. He said submarine numbers may be cut from four to three, while the number of nuclear warheads would be cut by 20% to 160. Blair said although the Cold War had ended, the UK needed nuclear weapons, as no-one could be sure ano...
2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review
The 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review concluded that the Successor-class submarines would have eight operational missiles carrying no more than 40 operational warheads between them. This would allow the UK to reduce its stocks of operational warheads from 160 to 120, and the overall stockpile from no more than 225 to no more than 180. They would be carried in a 12-missile Common Missile Compartmentdesigned in collaboration with the US which could accommodate the current Trident II D-...
- United Kingdom
- Deployment of Trident ballistic missile submarines
- Simbolism și Mitologie
- Uz Politic
- Uz Civil
- Nomenclatură Botanică
Cuvântul „trident” provine din cuvântul francez trident, care la rândul său provine din cuvântul latin tridens sau tridentis: tri înseamnă „trei” și dentes înseamnă „dinți”, cu referire la cele trei vârfuri sau „dinți” ale armei. Numele sanscrit pentru trident, „trishula”, este compus din tri त्रि, adică „trei” + ṣūlaशूल, adică „spin”, cele trei vârfuri ale tridentului fiind numiți mai degrabă „spini” decât „dinți”. Echivalentul grecesc al tridentului este τρίαινα (tríaina) și provine din cuvântul protogrec trianja, care înseamnă „întreit”.
În mitologia greacă, romană și hindusă se spune că tridentul are puterea de a controla apele oceanului.
În legendele și poveștile hinduse Shiva, un zeu hindus care ține un trident în mână, folosește această armă sacră pentru a lupta împotriva negativismului. Se spune, de asemenea, că tridentul reprezintă cele trei virtuți (guna) menționate în filozofia indiană vedică și anume sāttvika, rājasika și tāmasika. În mitologia greacă, Poseidon a folosit tridentul pentru a crea izvoare de apă în Grecia, precum și pentru a crea calul. Poseidon, ca zeu al mării, putea produce cutremure puternice atunci când lovea pământul cu furie și își folosea tridentul pentru a provoca valuri, maree, tsunami și furtuni pe mare. Fiind o ustensilă folosită pentru pescuit, tridentul este asociat cu Poseidon, zeul mării în mitologia greacă, și cu omologul său roman Neptun. În mitologia romană, Neptun a folosit, de asemenea, un trident pentru a crea noi cursuri de apă și a provoca cutremure. Un bun exemplu poate fi sculptura Neptun și Triton a lui Gian Lorenzo Bernini. În religia taoistătridentul reprezintă Trini...Tryzub-ul de pe stema Ucrainei, adoptată în 1918 (într-o reinterpretare a unui steme medievale care reprezenta cel mai probabil un șoim care cobora din înălțimile cerului, la fel ca stema localităț...Emblema națională de pe drapelul Barbadosului.„Furcile mâniei poporului”, semn adoptat de organizația revoluționară rusă antisovietică Alianța Națională a rusiei Solidarists (NTS).Britannia, personificarea Marii Britanii.Simbolul Washington and Lee University.Simbolul (din iunie 2008) al echipelor sportive (Tritonii) de la University of Missouri–St. Louis.Sparky the Sun Devil, mascota Arizona State University, ține în mână un trident. (ASU a[Când?]reproiectat recent tridentul ca un simbol de sine stătător.)Tridentul a fost folosit ca logoul original al echipei de baseball Seattle Mariners.
O serie de structuri din lumea biologică sunt descrise ca având aspect de trident. Cel puțin începând de la sfârșitul secolului al XIX-lea anumite forme botanice au fost descrise ca având aspect de trident; de exemplu, unele orhidee au fost descrise ca având frunze cu formă de trident în lucrările botanice mai vechi. În plus, în studiile botanice recente, unele bractee sunt descrise ca având formă de trident (de exemplu, bradul Douglas).
- Operational History
- Aircraft on Display
- Accidents and Incidents
- See Also
- Further Reading
- External Links
Background and original specification
In 1953, as British European Airways (BEA) introduced the world's first turboprop-powered civil airliner – the Vickers Viscount – into passenger service, the operator was already considering what would be required of a potential successor. Following the entry into service of jet airliners in 1952, many airline managers and economists remained sceptical and advocated turboprop airliners as replacements of piston-engined airliners. In 1953, while several manufacturers across the world were inve...
Industry consolidation and selection
BEA soon selected the DH.121 as the basis for detailed negotiations, but these talks were protracted due to multiple factors, including wider policy decisions of the British government and indecision within BEA itself. During the time that the DH.121 had emerged in the late 1950s, the British government came to view the airframe and aeroengine industries as too fragmented into small companies; accordingly, a policy favouring mergers into a few large groups was adopted. De Havilland was keen t...
In March 1959, BEA, which had become concerned by a recent decline in passenger growth, concluded that the DH.121's payload-range capacity could be too great for their needs and petitioned de Havilland to reduce the scale of the design to suit their revised projections. Fearing that the proposed scale of the Trident was too large, the airline had elected to effectively tear up the programme for its redesigning for their immediate situation. In 1959, BEA had a large fleet in operation and on o...
The Trident was a jet airliner of all-metal construction with a T-tail and a low-mounted wing with a quarter-chord sweepback of 35 degrees. It had three rear-mounted engines: two in side-fuselage pods, and the third in the fuselage tailcone, aspirating through an S-shaped duct. One version, the 3B, had a fourth "boost" engine aspirated through a separate intake duct above the main S-duct. All versions were powered by versions of the Rolls-Royce Spey, while the boost engine was also by Rolls-R...
The Trident had a complex, sophisticated and comprehensive avionics fit which was successful in service. This comprised a completely automatic blind landing system developed by Hawker Siddeley and Smiths Aircraft Instruments. It was capable of guiding the aircraft automatically during airfield approach, flare, touchdown and even roll-out from the landing runway. The system was intended to offer autoland by 1970. In the event, it enabled the Trident to perform the first automatic landing by a...
The first Trident entered service on 1 April 1964.By 1965, there were 15 Tridents in BEA's fleet and by March 1966, the fleet had increased to 21. Hawker Siddeley then proposed an improved 1C, the Trident 1E. This would be powered by 11,400 lbf (50.7 kN) Spey 511s, have a gross weight of 128,000 lb (58,000 kg), an increased wing area by extending the chord, and the same fuselage but with up to 140 seats in a six-abreast configuration. This specification took the 1C closer to the larger concep...
At this point, BEA decided that the Trident was too short-legged for its ever-expanding routes, and that an even longer-ranged version was needed. Hawker Siddeley responded with another upgrade designated Trident 1F. It would have the Spey 511 engines, a 2.8 m fuselage stretch, a gross weight of 132,000 lb (60,000 kg) and up to 128 seats in the original five-abreast configuration. BEA planned to buy 10 1Fs, plus an optionfor 14 further aircraft. As work continued on the 1F the changes became...
Subsequently, the Trident was becoming the backbone of BEA's fleet and BEA wanted an even larger aircraft. Hawker Siddeley offered two new designs in 1965: a larger 158-seat two-engine aircraft otherwise similar to the Trident known as the HS132; and the 185-seat HS134, which moved the engines under the wings, a design very similar to the Boeing 737. Both were to be powered by a new high-bypass engine under development at the time, the Rolls-Royce RB178. BEA instead opted for Boeing 727s and...
1. Production version for British European Airways; 24 built
1. Increased seating capacity, uprated engines, and addition of leading edge slats over the Trident 1C; 15 built
1. An improved Trident 1E with triplex autoland system; 50 built
Ceylon 1. Air Ceylonreceived one of the cancelled Channel Airlines Trident 1Es in 1969, and operated it until 1978. China 1. CAAC Airlinesreceived 4 former PIA Trident 1Es in 1970, followed by 33 new Trident 2Es between 1972 and 1978, and a pair of Super Trident 3Bs in 1975. 2. China United Airlinesoperated former CAAC Tridents Cyprus 1. Cyprus Airways received two Trident 2Es in 1969/70, one of which was damaged in 1972 and swapped for a similar BEA aircraft. Two former Kuwait Airlines Tride...
China 1. People's Liberation Army Air Forceoperated former CAAC Tridents Pakistan 1. Pakistan Air Forcewas the intended operator of the presidential Trident 1E, but it was delivered to Pakistan International Airways instead.Trident 1C G-ARPO Save the Trident Group at North East Aircraft Museum, Sunderland, UK. This is the last surviving Trident 1C.Trident 1E "B-2207" at the Military Museum of the Chinese People's Revolution, Beijing, China.Trident 2E G-AVFB at Duxford, UKTrident 3B G-AWZK in Aviation Viewing Park at Manchester Airport, Manchester, UK; moved from Heathrow in September 2005 (clipped wings).
Accidents with fatalities
1. On 3 June 1966, Trident 1C registration G-ARPY entered into a deep stall while on a test flight and crashed at Felthorpe, Norfolk, killing all four crew. 2. On 13 September 1971, a People's Liberation Army Air Force Trident 1E crashed in Mongolia under mysterious circumstances during an attempt by Lin Biao and his family to defect to the Soviet Union according to the official view of the PRC. Official PRCaccounts claim that the Trident ran out of fuel. 3. On 18 June 1972, British European...
1. On 30 June 1966, Trident 1E registration 9K-ACG touched down 3 miles short of the runway at Kuwait International Airport. There were no fatalities but the aircraft was written off. 2. On 3 July 1968, Trident 1s G-ARPI and G-ARPT were struck by an Airspeed Ambassador flown by BKS Air Transport, which crashed at London Heathrow Airportdue to the failure of a flap operating rod. G-ARPI was severely damaged, but repaired and returned to service, whereas G-ARPT was written off. 3. *On 15 Septem...
1. On 14 January 1982, a CAAC Trident 2E registration B-252, operating as CAAC Flight 3305 took off from Guangzhou Baiyun Airport, landing shortly after at Qifengling Airport at Guilin. The aircraft collided with a buffalo on the runway, destroying the nose gear, and killing the buffalo. All 108 passengers and crew survived. 2. On 5 May 1983, CAAC Flight 296was hijacked, leading to establishment of diplomatic relations between the PRC and ROK.
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era 1. Boeing 727 2. Tupolev Tu-154 Related lists 1. List of civil aircraft 2. List of jet airliners
"Classic Aircraft (Trident at 50: Tales of the Trident). Classic Aircraftonline, March 2012, pp. 51–64, ISSN 2049-2081. Hersham, UK: Ian Allan Publishing.
- 9 January 1962
- Hawker Siddeley
Trident （トライデント）は Internet Explorer に搭載されている HTML レンダリング エンジン の名称で、ライブラリ ファイルの名称から MSHTML とも呼ばれている。. Internet Explorer 4.0 より導入されたもので、 Windows 向けではアップデートを重ねているが、 Macintosh 向け ...