Unitarianism (from Latin unitas "unity, oneness", from unus "one") is a Christian theological movement named for its belief that the God in Christianity is one person, as opposed to the Trinity (tri- from Latin tres "three") which in most other branches of Christianity defines God as one being in three persons: the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
- Unitarian Universalism
Unitarian Universalism (UU) is a liberal religion...
- Unitarian Universalism
Unitarianism, as a Christian denominational family of churches, was first defined in Poland-Lithuania and Transylvania in the late 16th century. It was then further developed in England and America until the early 19th century, although theological ancestors are to be found as far back as the early days of Christianity.
Unitarianism (1565–present), a liberal Christian theological movement known for its belief in the unitary nature of God, and for its rejection of the doctrines of the Trinity, original sin, predestination, and of biblical inerrancy
- Early Unitarians and the Bible
- The Unitarian Churches (1774 onwards)
- First uses of the term
- Modern use of the term
Biblical Unitarianism encompasses the key doctrines of Nontrinitarian Christians who affirm the Bible as their sole authority, and from it base their beliefs that God the Father is a singular being, the only one God, and that Jesus Christ is God’s son, but not divine. The term "biblical Unitarianism" is connected first with Robert Spears and Samuel Sharpe of the Christian Life magazine in the 1880s. It is a neologism that gained increasing currency in nontrinitarian literature during the...
Historians such as George Huntston Williams rarely employ the term "biblical Unitarian", as it would be anachronistic. Those individuals and congregations that we may now think of as Unitarians went through a range of beliefs about Jesus: that he wasn't eternally pre-existent but was created by God the Father; or that God the Father and God the Son were two distinct Gods; or that he originated at the virgin birth; or that he was simply a godly man. For early unitarians such as Henry Hedworth, wh
Theophilus Lindsey established the first avowedly Unitarian church in England in 1774 at Essex Street Chapel. Nontrinitarianism was against the law until the Doctrine of the Trinity Act 1813, but legal difficulties with the authorities were overcome with the help of barrister John Lee, who later became Attorney General. Unitarians of this time continued to consider their teachings as "Biblical", though increasingly questioning the inspiration of the Bible and the accounts of the miraculous. Dive
An early example of the term "Biblical Unitarianism" occurs in the British and Foreign Evangelical Review in an article on the "Waning of Biblical Unitarianism". In the following year, Peter William Clayden's biography of Samuel Sharpe describes him as a "Biblical Unitarian", adding, "His intensely practical mind, and his business training, joined with his great though rational reverence for the Bible, made him long for definite views expressed in scripture language." The context of the term in
Although Spears and Sharpe made appeal to the term "Biblical Unitarianism" in The Christian life, an appeal to the concept of "Biblical Unitarianism" by individuals and churches is rare until after Unitarian Universalism was formed from the merger in 1961 of two historically Christian denominations, the Universalist Church of America and the American Unitarian Association. In some cases in the 1870s where the name "Unitarian" was still considered too associated with "the narrowly Biblical type o
There may be small continuing groups of Christian Unitarians descended from the Unitarian churches who look to the works of Spears, Sharpe and earlier. However, in terms of denominations today which could be identified as "biblical Unitarian", the two most visible names are the Church of God General Conference, with 5,000 members in the USA, and Christadelphians, with 60,000 members worldwide. Both of these groups share nontrinitarian, specifically Socinian Christology, and both have historians
- Theological and Denominational Distinctions
- Modern Christian Unitarian Organizations
- Notable Unitarians
- See Also
- External Links
Unitarianism, both as a theology and as a denominational family of churches, was first defined and developed within the Protestant Reformation, although theological ancestors may be found back in the early days of Christianity. Historically the term Unitarian first appeared as unitaria religio in a document of the Diet of Lécfalva, Transylvania on 25 Oct. 1600, though it was not widely used in Transylvania till 1638, when the formal recepta Unitaria Religio was published. The Polish Brethren or Socinians did not adopt the name, perhaps because of their differences with the Transylvanian Unitarians, but Christopher Sandius in 1668 entitled his publication of their works: Bibliotheca Fratrum Polonorum quos Unitarios vocant (Library of the Polish Brethren who are called Unitarians 4 vols. 1665-1669). The name was introduced into English by the Socinian Henry Hedworthin 1673. The movement gained popularity in the wake of the Enlightenment and, began to become a formal denomination in E...
The term "Unitarian" has been applied both to those who hold a Unitarian theological belief and to those who belong to a Unitarian church. A hundred years ago, this would not have made much of a difference, but today it is a distinction that needs to be made. Unitarian theology is distinguishable from the belief system of modern Unitarian and Unitarian Universalist churches and fellowships in several countries. This is because over time, some Unitarians and many Unitarian Universalists have moved away from the traditional Christian roots of Unitarianism. For example, in the 1890s the American Unitarian Association began to allow non-Christian and non-theistic churches and individuals to be part of their fellowship. As a result, people who held no Unitarian belief began to be called "Unitarians," simply because they were members of churches that belonged to the American Unitarian Association. After several decades, the non-theistic members outnumbered the theological Unitarians.A sim...
The description of "unitarian beliefs" requires recognition of both historical development (16th-21st century), and also of diversity among modern churches which are unitarian in Christology and/or 'Unitarian' in name.A simplification of the historical development can be made in three stages: 1. 1. 16th and 17th-century "biblical unitarianism" - an anachronistic term which indicates the sola scriptura and biblical fundamentalist basis of the first unitarians, though by modern definition the actual basis of their belief was Arianism or Socinianism. 2. 2. 18th and 19th-century "rationalist unitarianism" - the increased questioning, then rejection of inspiration of the Bible, miracles, the virgin birth, then ultimately the resurrection. During this period, the unitarian movement attained a numerical peak of adherents 3. 3. 20th and 21st-century modern unitarianism - the merger with the Universalist movement (USA 1961), and the reassertion by a minority of previously rejected elements o...
This section relates to Unitarian churches and organisations today which are still specifically Christian within or outside Unitarian-Universalism, which embraces also Buddhismand other religions.
Notable Unitarians include Ralph Waldo Emerson and Theodore Parker in theology and ministry, Joseph Priestley and Linus Pauling in science, Susan B. Anthony and Florence Nightingale in humanitarianism and social justice, Charles Dickens and Samuel Taylor Coleridge in literature, Frank Lloyd Wright in arts, Josiah Wedgwood in industry and Charles William Eliot in education. Five presidents of the United States were Unitarians: John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, John Quincy Adams, Millard Fillmore, and William Howard Taft. Other Unitarians include Sir Tim Berners-Lee, Lancelot Ware, founder of Mensa, Sir Adrian Boult, the conductor, and C. Killick Millard, founder of the Euthanasia Society.
Some or all of this article is forked from Wikipedia. The original article was at Unitarianism. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.Dale Tuggy UnitarianismSupplement to 'Trinity', Stanford Encyclopedia of PhilosophyEarl Morse Wilbur Our Unitarian Heritage(1925) History of Unitarianism in Poland, Transylvania, England and the United States. Reproduced in PDF format by Starr King School for the Ministry, Berkel...Joseph Henry Allen, Our Liberal Movement in Theology(Boston, 1882)Joseph Henry Allen, Sequel to our Liberal Movement(Boston, 1897)
Apr 18, 2020 · unitarianism (countable and uncountable, plural unitarianisms) The belief in a single God , not divided into any aspects, particularly when presented as a contrast to Christian trinitarianism . Derived terms [ edit ]
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Transcendentalism is closely related to Unitarianism, the dominant religious movement in Boston in the early nineteenth century. It started to develop after Unitarianism took hold at Harvard University , following the elections of Henry Ware as the Hollis Professor of Divinity in 1805 and of John Thornton Kirkland as President in 1810.
Unitarism eller unitarianism (av latin unitas "enhet", unus "en") är inom kristendomen en benämning på en rörelse som uppstod på 1500-talet och som helt avvisar läran om treenigheten; det vill säga att Gud kan delas in i aspekterna Fadern, Sonen och Den Helige Ande, och att Jesus därför är Gud.
Biserica Unitariană (din latină "unus", unul singur) a apărut în contextul reformei protestante ca o critică la dogma trinitară (credința în Sfânta Treime).De aceea adepții acestei religii sunt cunoscuți și ca antitrinitarieni