- Baroque architecture is a highly opulent style of building, design, and art that originated in Italy during the 17th century and spread to the rest of Europe, and eventually, the U.S. It's characterized by extremely detailed forms, marble, large-scale decoration, and bright colors.
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Baroque architecture started in Italy.
In general, Baroque architecture evolved in response to a tumultuous period that began in the 16th century. Those in power wanted to use architecture and art as a way to exhibit strength, wealth, and prominence. Nowhere is this more prominent than in the Catholic Church’s response to the Protestant Reformation. During this time, religious leaders could sway the culture and the art forms that became famous. For the Catholic Church, the most significant way to retain this influence was to produ...
The style then spread throughout Europe and South America.
After the Pope and other Catholic rulers began building, the style quickly spread throughout Europe and into South America due to colonization. Baroque architecture is lacking in North America because the continent was just being colonized at the time. Baroque architecture has subtle differences depending on the country. As the Baroque style became popular, locations altered the basic characteristics to suit their agenda and lifestyle. In most cases, buildings are heavily decorated and incorp...
It can be challenging to differentiate between styles of architecture, especially when builders incorporate forms from various styles. Look for these key elements in Baroque architecture. 1. Large domes or cupolas. These domes were generally positioned at the center of a building. 2. Elaborate motifs and decorations.Details are incredibly intricate, which added to the extravagance and sacredness of the space. 3. Gilded sculpture on the interior and exterior.Statues were made from plaster or marble and included high contrasting colors and textures. 4. Attention-grabbing features. These might include curved walls, painted ceilings, vaulted ceilings, columns, sculptures, arches, niches, fountains, scrolling, broken pediments, etc. Many of these elements give off a sense of motion known as dynamism. 5. Double-sloped mansard roof. This roofing element is a key feature of French Baroque architecture and was incorporated in many chateaux or country mansions.
Baroque architecture has some overlap with Renaissance architecture.
The Renaissance took place between 1400 and 1600, and the Baroque period followed closely after. As such, Baroque architects adapted classical forms both from the Renaissance and from the Romans. For instance, Saint Peter’s Basilica is a Baroque church in Vatican city has features that are inspired by the Renaissance.
Baroque artists and architects were masters of light.
The Baroque period is one of the first times that artists paid close attention to light. Finishes were chosen based on how the light would reflect. Also, they incorporated areas of intense light and darkness to show contrast and create drama. You can see this effect in areas of buildings that are intentionally left dark as well as in paintings. This effect is known in the art world as Chiaroscuro.
Baroque architecture and colonialism are closely linked.
European colonialism helped fund some of the opulence seen in Baroque buildings. Particularly in Spain and France, colonial money helped rulers construct elaborate palaces and mansions to showcase their power.
May 24, 2021 · Baroque architecture is a highly decorative and theatrical style which appeared in italy in the early 17th century and gradually spread across europe.it was originally introduced by the catholic church, particularly by the jesuits, as a means to combat the reformation and the protestant church with a new architecture that inspired surprise and awe.
Nov 10, 2009 · 'Baroque' refers to certain ornate architectural styles of the 1500's through to the 1700's.The changing styles have been broadly classified as Early Baroque, High Baroque, Late Baroque.Baroque ...
The Baroque Concept of Building Design: Architectural Sculpture Another, and decisive, consequence of the conception of a building as a single mass to be articulated was that a construction was no longer seen as the sum of individual parts - facade, ground-plan, internal walls, dome, apse, and so on - each one of which might be considered ...
Baroque architecture was linked to the Counter-Reformation, celebrating the wealth of the Catholic Church. It was characterized by new explorations of form, light and shadow, and dramatic intensity. Bernini was the master of Baroque architecture in Rome; St. Peter’s Square was one of his greatest achievements.
Baroque architecture was linked to the Counter- Reformation, celebrating the wealth of the Catholic church. It was characterized by new explorations of form, light and shadow, and dramatic intensity. Bernini was the master of Baroque architecture in Rome ; St. Peter’s Square was one of his greatest achievements.
Baroque architecture is a building style that developed out of the Baroque art and music movements in the late 1600s and early 1700s. Originating out of Italy, Baroque architecture sought to add Catholic theatricality to the more humanist developments of the Renaissance. Like with art and music, Baroque added ornamentation to basic designs.
- Roman Baroque. As the Catholic Church found itself in need of a way to proactively manifest its influence and regain lost souls all over Europe, it turned renewed attention to church architecture, requiring new churches to appeal as much to the emotions as to the intellect of the faithful, ultimately persuading them into unconditional trust and faith in the Catholic Church.
- French Baroque. Contrary to Rome’s drastic, reform-driven change in style, French architecture in the 17th century transitioned between Renaissance and its own interpretation of the Baroque more naturally, although the driving force behind the change was the same desire to reaffirm the claim to power of the ruling party — namely the monarchs of the House of Bourbon.
- Early English Baroque. The beginning of the English Barqoue period was heralded by a major catastrophe: the Great Fire of London in 1666. It raged for four days (2-5 September 1666) in the medieval City of London inside the old Roman city wall, and destroyed 13,200 houses, 87 parish churches, St. Paul’s Cathedral and most of the buildings of the City authorities.
- Later English Baroque. After Wren’s death in 1723, a new generation of architects emerged, some of whom even came from amid the ranks of his former employees.