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2019 (last election) European political parties Constituencies Elections in EU member states Austria Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia
- 4,233,255 km² (1,634,469 sq mi)
- 447,206,135 (2020)
- 27 (as of 2023)
- European Union
The European Union ( EU) is a supranational political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe.   The union has a total area of 4,233,255 km 2 (1,634,469 sq mi) and an estimated total population of over 448 million.
- 2023 estimate
- The European Parliament and the Council
- 2023 estimate
They include lists about politics, demographics and economics. General Member state of the European Union, including a list of all member states List of European Union member states by political system List of European Union member states by population Economics List of European Union member states by GDP growth
Monarchism and republicanism monarchy republic At present, there are twelve monarchies in Europe, of which six are members of the European Union: Belgium, Denmark, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden, and six are not: Andorra, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Norway, the United Kingdom and the Vatican City.
The European Council, based in Brussels, is made up of the Heads of State or Government of all of the EU Member States, the President of the European Commission and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.