- 1347 ( MCCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1347th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 347th year of the 2nd millennium, the 47th year of the 14th century, and the 8th year of the 1340s decade.
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1347 (MCCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1347th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 347th year of the 2nd millennium, the 47th year of the 14th century, and the 8th year of the 1340s decade.
The High Middle Ages (1066 to 1347) In 1066 AD, William, the Duke of Normandy, defeated King Harold II at the Battle of Hastings, becoming King William I, marking the end of the Dark Ages, and ushering in the High Middle Ages in England. As Norman rule began in England, so too did the Medieval Warm Period.
Year 1348 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, the 1348th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 348th year of the 2nd millennium, the 48th year of the 14th century, and the 9th and pre-final year of the 1340s decade.
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- The Middle Ages: Birth of an Idea. The phrase “Middle Ages” tells us more about the Renaissance that followed it than it does about the era itself. Starting around the 14th century, European thinkers, writers and artists began to look back and celebrate the art and culture of ancient Greece and Rome.
- The Catholic Church in the Middle Ages. After the fall of Rome, no single state or government united the people who lived on the European continent. Instead, the Catholic Church became the most powerful institution of the medieval period.
- The Middle Ages: The Rise of Islam. Meanwhile, the Islamic world was growing larger and more powerful. After the prophet Muhammad’s death in 632 CE, Muslim armies conquered large parts of the Middle East, uniting them under the rule of a single caliph.
- The Crusades. Toward the end of the 11th century, the Catholic Church began to authorize military expeditions, or Crusades, to expel Muslim “infidels” from the Holy Land.
Feb 28, 2017 · 1347?1351 At least 25 million people die in Europe's ?Black Death? (bubonic plague). 1368 Ming Dynasty begins in China. 1376?1382 John Wycliffe, pre-Reformation religious reformer, and followers translate Latin Bible into English. 1378 The Great Schism (to 1417)?rival popes in Rome and Avignon, France, fight for control of Roman Catholic Church ...
- The Fall of Rome
- The Middle Ages
- The Power of The Church
- Dynastic Wars
- Renaissance and The Birth of Modernity
Typically, scholars chart the beginnings of the medieval period – the word medieval itself comes from Latin and simply means ‘middle age’ – from the crumbling of the western half of the ancient Roman Empire. In 395 AD, Roman emperor Theodosius had divided the empire between his two sons, one governing from Rome, the other from Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul). While the Eastern Roman Empire lasted until the Ottoman conquests of the 15th century, by 480 AD the Western Empire had succumbed to repeated invasionsfrom the Goths, sparking the birth of the medieval era.
As per its name, the medieval era spans the middle portion of the two millennia since Christ, neatly bisecting the intervening two thousand years and spanning approximately 500 to 1500 AD. The first period of the era was called the Early Middle Ages and lasted from approximately 500 to 1000 AD. During this period agricultural technology and farming techniques improved, and increased food yields supported rapid population growth. The early Middle Age kingdoms also lived in a very interconnected world and from this sprung many cultural, religious and economic developments.
The rise and dominance of the Catholic Churchwas a hallmark of the medieval epoch, and shaped the next period of the era – the High Middle Ages – in dramatic fashion. From 1000 to 1250 AD, the church sanctioned the seismic military pilgrimages known as the Crusades, which saw thousands of Europeans flock to the Middle East, ostensibly to win back Christian holy sites from Muslim hands. Catholicism also came to govern daily life for many of the common people across Europe, as low literacy rates and poor medical provisions saw peasants turn to the church for education, comfort, and salvation. During the High Middle Ages, universities gradually began to prosper however, and the scholastic movement, spearheaded by figures such as Italian philosopher Thomas Aquinas, grew rapidly.
Both the high period of the medieval era and the subsequent Late Middle Ages were marked by the rise of organised militaries and international conflict. The Hundred Years’ War, fought between England and France from 1337 to 1453, exemplified this phenomena, as royal families grappled for control of Europe’s borders. At the same time as waging costly wars against the French, England also fought a series of conflicts against the Kingdom of Scotland, including the famous Battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297, when Scottish armies led by Sir William Wallace defeated numerically superior English forces. It was also during this time that plague stalked the continent, with the Black Deathtaking the lives of an estimated 75 to 200 million people across both Europe and Asia between 1347 and 1351.
The closing years of the medieval period were marked by discovery, be it technological, artistic, or territorial. In Italy, the 14th century saw the beginning of the cultural explosion known today as the Renaissance, with painting, sculpture, and architecture seeing marked advancement. Intellectualism also began to prosper, with the advent of the printing press in 1439 allowing the masses ready access to new ideas and mass communication for the first time. In the Iberian Peninsula, Christian armies had pushed south through modern Spain and Portugal beginning in the 8th century, graduating expelling the Moorish caliphate that had taken hold in the years following Rome’s withdrawal from the region. By 1492, this process was finally complete, and the year was also marked by the Spanish ‘discovery’ of the Americas, with Genoese explorer Christopher Columbus landing in the Bahamas in the name of the King of Castile on 12 October. These developments, twinned with further religious upheava...
In October of 1347, several Italian merchant ships returned from a trip to the Black Sea, one of the key links in trade with China. When the ships docked in Sicily, many of those on board were already dying of plague. Within days the disease spread to the city and the surrounding countryside. An eyewitness tells what happened:
The 14th century BC is a century which lasted from the year 1400 BC until 1301 BC. What was the 14th century known as? The fourteenth century was known as the age of adversity for several reasons. One factor was the continued growth of the population, which reached about 100 million people in Europe by the end of the fourteenth century.
May 25, 2017 · 1.2.1 Death toll of the 1300-1350 crisis. In 1969, Philip Ziegler accepted an average plague death toll in Europe of about 33 percent, or between 20,000,000 and 25,000,000, The period from 1300-1350 saw the death of at least 50% of the population of Europe. In China, where the Black Death is said to have originated, a loss around half of the ...