Apr 26, 2021 · The mujahideen were losing a war in which the oppressors, the Soviet invaders and their Afghan Communist allies, used the most brutal methods fathomable to wipe out whole villages and deter as many people from the opposition as possible through a campaign of mass killing and torture.
Riyaz Naikoo, the Hizbul Mujahideen chief in Kashmir, was killed by Indian security forces on 6 May 2020. On 10 May 2020, Gazi Haider (aka Saifullah and Saif-ul-Islam Mir) was appointed the new operations commander. He was formerly the district commander of Hizbul Mujahideen in Pulwama.
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Operation Cyclone was the code name for the United States Central Intelligence Agency program to arm and finance the mujahideen in Afghanistan from 1979 to 1989, prior to and during the military intervention by the USSR in support of its client, the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. The mujahideen were also supported by Britain's MI6, who conducted separate covert actions. The program leaned heavily towards supporting militant Islamic groups, including groups with jihadist ties, that were favo
- They Could Not Establish The Communist Government’S Legitimacy
- They Did Not Break The Back of The Resistance
- The Soviets Did Not Win Over The Hearts and Minds of Afghan People
- The Afghan Army Was Never An Effective Force
Failure was immediate, beginning with the man at the top. After just months in power, Amin was out. Literally. One of the first governmental changes the Soviets made was to kill Amin and replace him with Babrak Kamal. This turned the image of the Soviet invasion from one of an intervention to stabilize the government to one of ownership over Afghanistan. These guys, remember?
While they were able to take the major cities, as well as transportation and communications centers, the Red Army quickly pushed tribal warlords into the mountainous regions, where they resolved to begin the Islamic Revolution that nobody had thought about until the Soviets invaded in the first place. Instead of conquering the country, they managed to unite Afghanistan’s disparate population against them. There’s no Russian translation for “off the beaten path.” Apparently. The one advantage the Red Army had over mujahideen fighters was their fleet of Hind helicopters. These allowed the Soviets to move people and equipment fast over long distances and into the high mountains. This silver lining lasted until the mid-1980s, when Stinger missiles began to appear in jihadi arsenals. With accurate anti-aircraft missiles, the mujahideen now had the ability to protect their mountainous hiding places and forced the Soviet Union to switch to a tactic of conducting nighttime raiding on enemy...
A narrative quickly formed that atheist Communists and traditionally Orthodox Christian Russian invaders were on a mission against Islam. Those Afghan warlords that were pushed out of major urban centers and villages came down from the mountains as a united Islamic front, the mujahideen. With the Cold War in full swing, the United States decided to help fuel the fire by supplying the mujahideen with weapons and equipment to help their jihad against the USSR. Fighters and money flowed into the mujahideen’s ongoing guerrilla war against the Soviet Union from all corners of the Islamic world. Between 1980 and 1985, the Red Army stomped the mujahideen in a series of battles in the Panjshir Valley against the forces of rebel leaders like Ahmad Shah Massoud. But Massoud would always live to rebuild his forces and come back at the Russian bear. The Soviets could win as many pitched battles as they wanted, kill as many Afghan fighters as possible, but the endless tide of money and men would...
The Red Army brought in allied advisors from friendly countries to train the Afghan Army in warfighting methods more appropriate than the methods they actually used. Cuban troops who were familiar with insurgency operations from places like Angola and Ethiopia trained the burgeoning Afghan government troops, but the consistent lack of actual combat experience in these tactics wasted a lot of the time they could have spent creating a veteran fighting force. Furthermore, the inefficient communications and logistics involved with large-scale Soviet operations did little to convince the nascent Afghan troops that their training methods and lessons had any real applicability in real-world fighting. When the Russians left and the Soviet Union fell, many of these trained fighters defected to the mujahideen, leading to the fall of the Afghan Communist regime. The Soviet Union would stay in Afghanistan until February 1989. They still supported the Communist Afghan government against the muja...
- Blake Stilwell
Dec 16, 2013 · ROBERT NICKELSBERG: I had moved to Delhi in 1987 and got a one-day visa to Afghanistan in early January 1988, still the mujahideen days, for a funeral in Jalalabad for Abdul Ghaffar Khan, a ...
- Hannah Bloch
Jun 30, 2017 · The mujahideen were ardent Islamists, as were many of their backers from elsewhere in the Muslim world. Elements of the latter coalesced into al-Qaeda, founded in 1988. The next year the Berlin Wall came down, symbolically ending the Cold War, a giddy moment for the West. In hindsight we should have thought: now we’re in for it.
Mar 19, 2021 · News. After nearly two decades of fighting, the U.S. military is facing a force of Taliban fighters that is roughly the size of the Mujahideen insurgency at the end of the Soviet occupation of ...
Apr 22, 2021 · Al-Qaeda, which since the days of Osama bin Laden has formally pledged an oath of allegiance to the Taliban emir, also celebrated America's "humiliating defeat." Mullah Haibatullah Akhundzada, the current emir of the Islamic Emirate, sacrificed ten sheep to mark the victory over America. The elected Afghan government stood helpless.
Feb 11, 2009 · Christopher Dickey: Intelligence The NYPD Way The Newsweek journalist writes ... So in those first days of captivity, what did Abu Zubaydah talk about? ... on endless bull sessions with mujahideen ...