- This family, containing nobles such as a Theodore Palaiologos who worked as a soldier and hired assassin, and Ferdinand Palaiologos, who retired in Barbados, later mainly lived in Cornwall in England in the 17th century.
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The Byzantine Empire was ruled by the Palaiologos dynasty in the period between 1261 and 1453, from the restoration of Byzantine rule to Constantinople by the usurper Michael VIII Palaiologos following its recapture from the Latin Empire, founded after the Fourth Crusade (1204), up to the Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire.
Andreas Palaiologos or Palaeologus, sometimes anglicised to Andrew, was the titular Despot of the Morea from the death of his father Thomas Palaiologos in 1465, to his own death in 1502. After the Fall of Constantinople in 1453 and the subsequent Ottoman invasion of the Morea in 1460, Thomas fled to Corfu, with his children Andreas, Manuel and Zoe. After the death of Thomas in 1465, the then twelve-year-old Andreas moved to Rome and, as the nephew of the final Byzantine emperor Constantine XI, b
Family. Zoe was born in the Morea in 1449, to Thomas Palaiologos, Despot of the Morea and younger brother of the last Byzantine Emperor, Constantine XI Palaiologos ( r. 1449–1453 ). Her mother was Catherine, the only legitimate daughter and heiress of Centurione II Zaccaria, the last independent Prince of Achaea and Baron of Arcadia .
Jul 06, 2020 · The rise of the empire Constantine Palaiologos was born on February 8, 1405, the eighth of ten children of Emperor Manuel II Palaiologos and his wife Elena Dragases, daughter of the Serbian ruler Konstantin Dejanovic. Little is known about Constantine’s life before his rise to the throne of Byzantium.
- Philip Chrysopoulos
Aug 19, 2019 · Michael VIII came from the noble family of Palaiologos, he was the son of Theodora and Andronikos, the son of Alexios Palaiologos and Irene, the daughter of Alexios III Angelos while Michael VIII’s wife also named Theodora was a grandniece of John III as she was the daughter of John Vatatzes, the son of John III’s brother Isaac Doukas Vatatzes.
This era lasted until Mehmed II, an is known as Founding Era of Ottomans. Ethnic Turks and voluntarily converted foreign nobles were the influential families. Also Palaiologos family, last Byzantine dynasty, was still active and they held duties in Ottoman court. But Komnenos' were not that lucky.
The Palaiologos family was, like many imperial ruling families, rather large and comprised of several cadet branches. The members of the family who were most directly impacted by the fall of Constantinople were the descendants of the emperor Manuel II, who was Byzantine emperor from 1391–1425.
- Early Origins
- Later Re-Emergence
- The Eagle in India
- Identification with Byzantine Empire and Eastern Orthodox Church
- Its Spread in The West and Modern Use
The eagle was a common symbol representing power in ancient Greek city-states. In Greek mythology, there was an implication of a "dual-eagle" concept in the tale that Zeus let two eagles fly East and West from the ends of the world with them eventually meeting in Delphi thus proving it to be the center of the earth. According to many historians, however, the two-headed eagle appears to be of Hittite origin. Early examples of the symbol come from the Hittite empire in central Anatolia, where two-headed eagles can be found on seals and also on sculptures. Interestingly, some of those sculptures also have other beasts in their claws and appear to be the symbol of the ruler standing on it. Thus, the two-headed eagle could have been the symbol of the tribe of the ruler but also of the ruler himself. After the Hittite two-headed eagles there is a gap of almost two millennia to be filled. In the meantime, the emblem of the supreme commander in the Hellenistic world was a monstrous head, be...
The famous symbol re-appears again thousands of years later, during the Early Middle Ages, around the 10 thcentury, where it was mainly used as the absolute symbol of the Byzantine Empire. It is suggested that the early Byzantine Empire inherited the Roman eagle as an imperial symbol. During his reign, Emperor Isaac I Comnenus (1057–1059) modified it as double-headed, influenced by traditions about such a beast in his native Paphlagonia in Asia Minor. After the recapture of Constantinople by the Byzantine Greeks in 1261, two crowns were added (one over each head) representing the newly recaptured capital and the intermediate "capital" of the empire of Nicaea. In the following two centuries (11 th and 12 th), representations of the symbol were also found in Islamic Spain, France and Bulgaria, while from the 13th century onward it becomes more and more widespread. In the meantime the two-headed eagle was adopted by the Islamic world as well, especially after the fall of the Seljuq Emp...
Even more impressively, the two-headed bird is also found in Indian culture. Known as “Gandhabherunda” in India, the symbol has the same Hittite origin as the two-headed eagle in the West. A myth says that Vishnu assumed the form of a two-headed eagle to annihilate Sarabha, a form taken by Shiva to destroy Narasimha (an avatar of Vishnu) again, a sectarian device to humble a rival creed. Such a bird appears at Sirkap Stupa which usually is dated at about the beginning of the Christian era. It is depicted there sitting and turned to the dexter and this seems to have been the common attitude for centuries. It can also be found on a fresco in Brihadiswara Temple, consecrated 1010, and much later on a 16th century Vijayanagar coin. Double-headed eagle representation at Sirkap Stupa, the Indo-Greek archaeological site, Pakistan (1 st century BC to 1 st century AD) ( Public Domain )
However, it was Christianity that ultimately arrogated the symbol. The now widely-recognized yellow with a black crowned double-headed eagle flag, became the symbol of the Palaiologoi family, the last Greek royal family to rule the Byzantine Empire before the fall of Constantinople in 1453. As already mentioned, after Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos recaptured Constantinople from the Crusaders in 1261, he adopted the double-headed eagle which symbolized the dynasty's interests in both Asia and Europe. During these two centuries of the dynasty’s reign though, the flag became identified not just with the specific family but with the Empire itself. Additionally, in the eyes of the Byzantines the double-headed eagle gradually became the absolute symbol of Orthodoxy, symbolizing the unity between the Byzantine Orthodox Church and State, which was governed by the principle of “Symphonia”, thus the "symphony" between the civil and the ecclesiastical functions of Byzantine Orthodox society...
Apparently, when the Holy Crusaders passed through Constantinople on their way to what is now Israel, they most likely first came in contact with the impressive double-headed symbol embroidered in gold on heavy banners of silk, borne aloft by the Seljuk Turks. It was from the Turks and not the Byzantines, as some may falsely think, that the crusaders took this banner to adorn the courts of Charlemagne and hung as a sacred relic in the great cathedrals. Old Jerusalem, Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Greek Orthodox chapel - Prison of Jesus. On the floor, in front of the chapel, is a mosaic figure of a crowned double headed eagle - symbol of the Byzantine empire and the Greek Orthodox church. ( CC BY 2.0 ) Frederick of Prussia is the one to “blame” for popularizing the eagle symbol throughout Western Europe, as he was the one who supplied the emblem during the formative stages of the Rite, even though he or Prussia couldn’t use it exclusively as their own. In England we find it used upon...
King Philip VI of Spain is a descendant of Alexios Komnenos. Alexios Komnenos’s daughter married into the Angelos family, and one princess of that family married the Holy Roman Emperor. From there her daughter married into the Crown of Castille. From there you can trace the lineage to Philip VI, the current King of Spain.