/ Place of birth
The Visconti ruled Milan until the early Renaissance, first as Lords, then, from 1395, with the mighty Gian Galeazzo who endeavored to unify Northern Italy and Tuscany, as Dukes. Visconti rule in Milan ended with the death of Filippo Maria Visconti in 1447.
- vice: "deputy" - comes: "count"
- Ariprando Visconti
After the death of Gian Galeazzo in 1402 the Duchy - which had reached its maximum expansion - passed to his sons Giovanni Maria (who died in 1412) and Filippo Maria (who died in 1447), but the dominion, which Gian Galeazzo had put together with all sorts of violence, shattered, and barely the oldest provinces that composed it could be preserved.
Pier Candid Decembrio, the secretary of Filippo Maria Visconti, wrote short after the death of the duke in August /September 1447 a biography of Filippo, himself being at the occasion in Ferrara at the court of Leonello with the intention to work as diplomat for a peace treaty between Milan and Venetia in the recent war (as long as Filippo lived) already since an 1/2 year.
In 1440 Charles d'Orleans was freed, Filippo Visconti did send him a copy of a Boethius-manuscript (written once by Boethius as a prisoner). After Filippo's death he tried - beside others - to get the duchy of Milano, but the Milanese decided to become the Ambrosian republic, a short periode of 3 years, which was disrupted by the interests of ...
Classical art historian, administrator; developer of the illustrated museum catalog. Visconti was born to a scholarly family. At 14 he moved to Rome where he met Johann Joachim Winckelmann (q.v.). Visconti succeeded Winckelmann at his death in 1768 as Commissioner of Antiquities. Pope Clement XIV and particularly Giovanni Angelo Braschi, the papal treasurer, encouraged him in founding the ...
- Visconti of Pisa and Sardinia
- Visconti of Milan
- Visconti of Modrone
- Other Members
The first Visconti of note in Pisa was Alberto, who bore the title patrician. Alberto's son, Eldizio, bore the titles patrician and consul from 1184 to 1185. It was Eldizio's sons, Lamberto and Ubaldo I, who brought the family to the height of its influence in Pisa and Sardinia. Both of them carried the title of patrician and each served a term as podestà. In 1212 various factions, pro- and anti-Visconti clashed for control over Pisa. In mid-January 1213, William I of Cagliari led a coalition of anti-Visconti forces to victory in battle near Massa over the combined forces of Lucca and the Visconti under Ubaldo. Afterward, Pisa divided power between four rectores, one of which was a Visconti. The Visconti of Sardinia continued to take a part in Pisan politics to the end of the century, but their influence there was greatly diminished after 1213. In Sardinia Eldizio had married a daughter of Torchitorio III of Cagliari, who became the mother of Lamberto and Ubaldo. In 1207, Lamberto m...
The effective founder of the Visconti of Milan, Ottone, wrested control of the city from the rival Della Torrefamily in 1277. The family loved to claim legendary versions about its origins (fancy genealogies were en vogue at the time), while established facts reflect quite sober and almost humble beginnings. The branch of the Visconti family that came to rule Milan was originally entrusted with the lordship of Massino (nowadays Massino Visconti), a village above Lago Maggiore, which they controlled from the twelfth century. It is said that the Milanese Visconti had their origins in a family of capitanei (cfr. the modern surname Cattaneo) whom archbishop Landulf of Milan (978–998) had granted certain feudal holdings known as caput plebis (at the head, likely in geographical and not hierarchical sense, of the pieve, an ecclesiastical lesser subdivision). A document from the year 1157 says the Visconti were holders of the captaincy of Marliano (today Mariano Comense); late chronicler G...
From Uberto, brother of Matteo I, came the lateral branch of Dukes of Modrone. To this family belonged Luchino Visconti, one of the most prominent film directors of Italian neorealistcinema.Federico Visconti(1617–1693), Cardinal and Archbishop of Milan from 1681 to 1693.Filippo Maria Visconti (archbishop)(1721-1801), Archbishop of Milan from 1784 to 1801.Gaspare Visconti, Archbishop of Milan from 1584 to 1595.Roberto Visconti, Archbishop of Milan from 1354 to 1361.
Gian Galeazzo Visconti (16 October 1351 – 3 September 1402), was the first duke of Milan (1395) and ruled the late-medieval city just before the dawn of the Renaissance. He was the founding patron of the Certosa di Pavia , completing the Visconti Castle at Pavia begun by his father and furthering work on the Duomo of Milan .
In the early fifteenth century, interest in playing cards began to spread (perhaps brought by the Egyptian Mamelukes), the first regulations of game and, in the same period, Filippo Maria Visconti, Duke of Milan, to propitiate the birth of a son, decided to commission a deck of cards depicting 16 deities linked to the Greek pantheon.
Born near Settimo Pavese, Bianca Maria was the illegitimate daughter of Filippo Maria Visconti, Duke of Milan and last of the Visconti rulers, and Agnese del Maino, the only person the shy, secluded Filippo ever loved. Agnese was the daughter of Ambrogio del Maino, a Milanese nobleman and ducal questore.