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Galeazzo Maria Sforza was born in Fermo, near the family's castle of Girifalco, the first son of Francesco Sforza and Bianca Maria Visconti. At the death of his father (8 March 1466), Galeazzo was in France at the head of a military expedition to help King Louis XI of France against Charles I of Burgundy .
Duke of Milan. Born the eldest child of Galeazzo Maria Sforza and Bona of Savoy. He succeeded his father when he was seven but remained under his mothers regency. In 1481 she was repressed by his uncle, Ludovico 'il Moro'. He married Isabelle de Aragon in 1489 who bore him three children. His death at the early age of...
Sep 17, 2018 · Galeazzo Maria Sforza - Wikipedia - English; Galeazzo Maria Sforza (January 24, 1444 – assassinated, December 26, 1476) was Duke of Milan from 1466 until his death. He was famous for being lustful, cruel and tyrannical. He was born to Francesco Sforza, a popular condottiero and ally of Cosimo de' Medici who had gained the dukedom of Milan ...
- Bianca Maria Sforza, Caterina Sforza, Gian Galeazzo Sforza
- Francesco I Sforza, Bianca Maria Visconti
Jan 24, 2020 · The fifth Duke of Milan, the effective but cruel Galeazzo Maria Sforza, was born on January 24, 1444.
Galeazzo Maria Sforza (January 24, 1444 ? assassinated, December 26, 1476) was Duke of Milan from 1466 until his death. He was famous for being lustful, cruel and tyrannical. He was born to Francesco Sforza, a popular condottiero and ally of Cosimo de' Medici who had gained the dukedom of Milan, and Bianca Maria Visconti.
- Bona (Savoie) Sforza
Galeazzo and his influence on the development of tennis: "Gianni Clerici, in his The Ultimate Tennis Book: 500 Years of the Sport (1976), was the first tennis historian to delve into the history of the game in Italy. In his chapter on Renaissance tennis Clerici also briefly touched on Duke Galeazzo Maria Sforza?s (1444-1476) passion for tennis.
Born Caterina Sforza in late 1462 or early 1463 in Milan, Italy; died in Florence, Italy, in 1509; illegitimate daughter of Galeazzo Maria Sforza (1444–1476), duke of Milan, and Lucrezia Landriani (wife of Giampietro Landriani); married Girolamo Riario, in 1477 (died 1488); began liaison with Giacomo Feo, in 1489 (died 1495); married Giovanni ...
Mar 15, 2019 · Caterina was born in 1463 in Milan, an illegitimate daughter of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, who, later in her childhood, would become Duke of Milan. Despite her illegitimacy, she was brought up at the ...
Caterina Sforza was born in Milan in early 1463, the illegitimate daughter of Galeazzo Maria Sforza by his mistress, Lucrezia Landriani. It's believed that she spent the first years of her life with her mother's relatives.
- A Noble Upbringing
- Caterina’s First Marriage and Her Rise to Power
- Caterina’s Revenge on Riario’S Assassins
- A Second Marriage and Caterina’s Rule
- The Third Marriage and Caterina’s Downfall
Born in 1463 in Milan, Caterina Sforza was the illegitimate daughter of the supposedly cruel, lustful, and tyrannical Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan, and his mistress Lucrezia Landriani. At the age of four the Duke accepted his daughter and took her into his home to raise her alongside his other children. Caterina was most likely acknowledged by her father because noble children were often useful tools for politically advantageous marriages as they grew. Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan and Caterina’s father. (1471) ( Public Domain ) Thanks to Caterina’s stepmother, Bona of Savoy, she received a proper education for the period and was brought up in the Milanese Court. Caterina was a tall, slim, blonde, and attractive girl, and at the age of ten she was already engaged to Girolamo Riario. By the time she was 14 years old she was seen as ready to leave her father’s home and confirmed her marriage to Riario.
Girolamo Riario was 29 years old when he betrothed Caterina. Numerous sources say that he was cruel, cowardly, and rather lusty, but his status as the nephew of Pope Sixtus IV made him an adequate choice as Caterina’s husband. Even though it is unlikely that Caterina loved her husband, she bore him eight children (six of which survived childhood). Pope Sixtus IV with his courtiers and nephews. (1477) Girolamo Riario is the figure in blue, second from the left. ( Public Domain ) In 1477, Caterina joined her husband in Rome and she was named the countess of Forlì in 1481. When Pope Sixtus IV died in 1784 there was turmoil in Rome and one of Riario’s residences was looted and almost destroyed. Caterina was upset with the happenings in Rome and wanted to oversee the conclave’s actions herself, so she seized control of Castel Sant' Angelo in Rome – she was 21 years old and seven months pregnant at the time. 1. Tomoe Gozen - A fearsome Japanese Female Warrior of the 12th Century 2. Bloody...
However, before Caterina was taken captive she had informed her uncle in Milan of her impending problems and told him that he must inform Tommaso Feo, her castellan, that the castle was not to be given to the conspirators under any circumstances. Soon after, the conspirators took Caterina to the castle and they told Tommaso Feo that he must surrender. Feo answered that the Orsi brothers would do nothing against Caterina for they feared the retaliation of Caterina’s brother, the current Duke of Milan. When the group returned to the castle a second time, Caterina tricked her captors into allowing her to enter the castle under the pretext that she would talk Tommaso Feo into submitting to their demands. As the abductors still maintained control over Caterina’s children, they accepted. Ravaldino fortress, Forlì , Italy. The Ravaldino was one of the fortresses where Caterina Sforza battled her enemies. ( CC BY SA 3.0 ) Once inside, Caterina told the conspirators that there was no chance...
Following Girolamo Riario’s death, Caterina was made the regent of their oldest son, Ottaviano. She soon took advantage of this position and even after the boy came to age, she continued to rule in his place. She embarked on several successful military and political ventures, including marriage negotiations and gifts, with neighboring states. A woman many believe was Caterina Sforza in Botticelli’s ‘The Three Graces.’ Some scholars have argued that Caterina Sforza’s influence extended past the political and military realms and she was the muse for many paintings of artists at the time. ( Public Domain ) Regarding her personal life, Caterina fell in love and took Tommaso’s younger brother, Giacomo (who was 20 years old), as her second husband. Their marriage was not fated to last however, as Giacomo rose to power and became a tyrant as well. He shared a fate similar to Caterina’s first husband and was assassinated by conspirators (which may have included members of Caterina’s own fam...
In 1496, Caterina fell in love again – this time with Giovanni di Pierfrancesco de Medici. Upon receiving approval from her uncle and children, the couple were married in 1497. In 1498 Caterina gave birth to her last son, Giovanni delle Bande Nere. Her third husband soon passed away as well – this time of natural causes. A man identified as Giovanni di Pierfrancesco de Medici, Caterina’s third husband. ( Public Domain ) In the political realm, Caterina continued her control of Forlì and Imola and intended to remain neutral for many years while being stuck between the battles of the Duchy of Milan and the Kingdom of Naples. In 1499, Niccolò Machiavelli came to Forlì to negotiate the military contract with Florence and later wrote about the impressive woman he saw in Caterina Sforza and her defense against the attacks on her fortress. 1499 also saw the beginning of Caterina’s end, as she was overtaken by an attack led by Cesare Borgia. Sending her children and riches to Florence for s...