- 1. a state ruled by a prince.
- 2. (in traditional Christian angelology) the fifth highest order of the ninefold celestial hierarchy.
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- A principality (or sometimes princedom) can either be a monarchical feudatory or a sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a regnant- monarch with the title of prince and/or princess, or by a monarch with another title considered to fall under the generic meaning of the term prince .
Principality. Unspoken understanding or respect among men. Bolo refuses to have a manly steak dinner with WallyB due to the Principality that WallyB is so Pussy Whipped with his Saggy that WallyB only wants to talk about Saggy over dinner. Get the Principality neck gaiter and mug.
principality: A territory ruled by a prince or princess or from which such a title is derived.
- European Principalities
- Other Principalities
- Other Uses
- See Also
Some of these states have never been a polity, but are rather territories in respect of which a princely style is held. The prince's estate and wealth may be located mainly or wholly outside the geographical confines of the principality. Surviving sovereign principalities are Liechtenstein, Monaco, and the co-principality of Andorra. Extant royal primogenitures styled as principalities include Asturias (Spain), and Wales (UK). The term "principality" is often used informally to describe Wales as it currently exists, but this has no constitutional basis. The Principality of Wales existed in the northern and western areas of Wales between the 13th and 16th centuries; the Laws in Wales Act of 1536 which legally incorporated Wales within England removed the distinction between those areas and the March of Wales, but no principality covering the whole of Wales was created. Since that time, the title Prince of Wales (together with Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay, among other titles)...
Though principalities existed in antiquity, even before the height of the Roman Empire, the principality as it is known today developed in the Middle Ages between 350 and 1450 when feudalism was the primary economic and social system in much of Europe. Feudalism increased the power of local princes within a king's lands. As princes continued to gain more power over time, the authority of the king was diminished in many places. This led to political fragmentation as the king's lands were broke...
While some principalities prospered in their independence, less successful states were swallowed by stronger royal houses. Europe saw consolidation of small principalities into larger kingdoms and empires. This had already happened in England in the first millennium, and this trend subsequently led to the creation of such states as France, Portugal, and Spain. Another form of consolidation was orchestrated in Italy during the Renaissance by the Medici family. A banking family from Florence, t...
Nationalism, the belief that the nation-state is the best vehicle to realise the aspirations of a people, became popular in the late 19th century. Characteristic of nationalism is the preference for loyalty to the people instead of loyalty to monarchs. With this development, principalities fell out of favour. As a compromise, many principalities united with neighbouring regions and adopted constitutional forms of government with the monarch as a mere figurehead while administ...
Non-European and colonial world
Principalities have existed in ancient and modern civilisations of Africa, Asia, Pre-Columbian America and Oceania. However in the colonial context, the term princely states is generally preferred, specially for those that came under the sway of a European colonising power, e.g., the British Indianand neighbouring or associated (e.g., Arabian) princely states were ruled by monarchs called Princes by the British, regardless of the native styles, which could be equivalent to royal or even imper...
Micronations claiming to be principalities
Several micronations, which more or less seriously claim sovereignty but are not recognised as states, also claim the status of sovereign principalities, the most notable in Europe being Sealand off the coast of England and Seborga, a small town in Italy; other micronational principalities elsewhere include the Principality of Hutt River in Australia and the Principality of Minervain the South Pacific.
A fictional country, the Principality of Belka, is one of the countries in the Ace Combatgame series. In the TV anime Mobile Suit Gundam universe, the Principality of Zeon was a self-declared autonomous government that rules over the space colonies which declared its independence and waged war against the Earth Federation. The term Duchy is used interchangeably throughout many translations since in the Japanese languagethe same word is used for both types of government. In Meg Cabot's series the Princess Diaries, the protagonist, Mia Thermopolis, is the Crown Princess of the fictional country of Genovia. Mia's father is the Prince Regnant of the country, making it a principality by definition. Some of the kingdoms in the Society for Creative Anachronisminclude principalities among the smaller regions which comprise the overall kingdom. The principalities are governed by a Prince and Princess, chosen through rite of combat, and these in turn are governed by the King and Queen of the...
Word Origin Middle English (denoting the rank of a prince): from Old French principalite, from late Latin principalitas, from Latin principalis ‘first, original’ (see principal).