Boleslaus I the Cruel, also called Boleslav I (Czech: Boleslav I. Ukrutný) (c. 908 /910 – 15 July 967 or 972), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was ruler (kníže, "duke") of the Duchy of Bohemia from 935 to his death. He is notorious for the murder of his elder brother Wenceslaus, through which he became duke.
Wenceslaus I (Czech: Václav [ˈvaːtslaf] ; c. 911 – September 28, 935), Wenceslas I or Václav the Good was the duke of Bohemia from 921 until his assassination in 935. His younger brother, Boleslaus the Cruel , was complicit in the murder.
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I personally prefer "Boleslaus I the Cruel (Czech: Boleslav I. Ukrutný)" with the article name Boleslaus I of Bohemia, but want to see what other people think before I propose a move. Olessi 21:31, 20 September 2005 (UTC) Sister or daughter married Mieszko?
- Life and reign
- Marriages and issue
Boleslaus II the Pious, a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 972 until his death.
Boleslaus was an elder son of Duke Boleslaus I the Cruel and brother of the three other children of his father who survived to adulthood: Strachkvas, Doubravka and the abbess Mlada. His mother may have been Biagota, a mysterious figure known only from her coins. According to some historians, she was the wife of Boleslaus I.
Boleslaus's first wife Adiva may have been a daughter of the English king Edward the Elder, though the evidence for this is weak. His second wife was Emma of Mělník. It is certain that Boleslaus's oldest son was born by Adiva, but the mother of the others cannot be established with certainty: 1. Boleslaus III, his eldest son and successor 2. Wenceslaus, died as an infant 3. Jaromír, became Duke of Bohemia in 1003 4. Oldřich, became Duke of Bohemia in 1012 Soon after his father's death ...
- Early Life
- Marriage and Children
Boleslaus was the son of Duke Vratislaus I of Bohemia (d. 921) by his marriage with Drahomíra (d. 934), probably a Hevellian princess. His father took over the rule in Prague during the time of his birth, he had to deal with both the exertion of influence by both the East Frankish dukes of Bavaria and Saxony and the Magyar incursions. Boleslaus and his elder brother Wenceslaus were taught the Christian faith and reading the Psalms by their grandmother Ludmila. There is evidence that Boleslaus's pagan mother might [have] influenced him against his brother and Christianity, though he later repented. In no way did he impede the growth of Christianity during his reign in Bohemia, and in fact, he actually sent his daughter Mlada, a nun, to Pope John XIIIin Rome to ask permission to make Prague a bishopric. Upon his death, Vratislaus was succeeded by his eldest son Wenceslaus. While the external situation worsened with the alliance between Duke Arnulf of Bavaria and the Saxon duke Henry t...
Once having taking over the Prague throne, one of Boleslaus's major concerns was the tribute paid yearly to the East Frankish kings as stipulated in the peace treaty that Henry the Fowler had established with Boleslaus's brother Wenceslaus. He stopped the payment shortly after he ascended the throne, which led to a prolonged war with Henry's successor King Otto. In 935 Boleslaus attacked the Thurinianallies of the Saxons in the northwest and defeated two of Otto's armies (from Thuringia and Merseburg). The war then deteriorated to border raids (the general pattern of warfare in this region at the time) and reached its conclusion in 950, when King Otto besieged a castle owned by Boleslaus's son. This prompted Boleslaus to sign a peace treaty with Otto. Although he remained undefeated, he promised to resume the payment of tribute. Five years later, the armies of Czechs and Germans allied against the Magyars in the victorious Battle of Lechfeld on 10 August 955. After the battle, the r...
Boleslav's wife may have been Biagota. It is unknown if she was the mother of all his four adult children: 1. Doubravka of Bohemia, 2. Boleslaus II, Duke of Bohemia, 3. Strachkvas of Bohemia, 4. Mlada of Bohemia.Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis; Line 244-7The Plantagenet Ancestry by William Henry Turton, Page 85
Mar 24, 2021 · Wenceslaus I (Czech: Václav [ˈvaːtslaf] (listen); c. 911 – September 28, 935), Wenceslas I or Václav the Good was the duke (kníže) of Bohemia from 921 until his assassination in 935. His younger brother, Boleslaus the Cruel, was complicit in the murder.
Apr 20, 2021 · Boleslaus I the Cruel, also called Boleslav I (Czech: Boleslav I. Ukrutný) (died July 15, 967 or 972), was the duke (dux in latin, which means sovereign prince) of Bohemia from 929 or 935 to his death. His father was Vratislaus I. Boleslav is notorious for the murder of his brother Saint Wenceslas, through which he became duke of Bohemia.
- Doubravka of Bohemia
Sep 10, 2020 · Vratislaus I or Wratislaus I (Czech: Vratislav I) (c.888 – February 13, 921), Duke of Bohemia (915 – 921), was the younger brother of Spytihnev I. By his wife Drahomira, Vratislaus had two sons, Wenceslaus and Boleslaus (also called Boleslaw I).