The Kingdom of Greece (Greek: Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος [vaˈsili.on tis eˈlaðos]) was established in 1832 and was the successor state to the First Hellenic Republic. It was internationally recognised by the Treaty of Constantinople , where Greece also secured its full independence from the Ottoman Empire after nearly four centuries.
The vast majority of visitors in Greece in 2007 came from the European continent, numbering 12.7 million, while the most visitors from a single nationality were those from the United Kingdom, (2.6 million), followed closely by those from Germany (2.3 million).
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Greece's history is one of the richest in the world. The Greeks were one of the most advanced civilizations. Greece is famous for its many philosophers, like Plato and Aristotle, and kings like Alexander the Great and Leonidas. Greece is said to be the birthplace of Democracy, because city-states like Athens, now the capital of Greece, were the first to elect their leaders and not have kings. During the years of Alexander the Great, a huge Greek Macedonian empire was created that stretched from modern-day Greece to Egypt and Iran, until the borders of India. Because of the significant role that Greek culture played during that time, it is called the Hellenistic period (or Greek-dominated period). During that time, the Greek language became the 'lingua franca' of the Middle East, which means the language that people who do not speak the same language use to communicate, like Englishis used today as an international language. Greece was then ruled by the Roman Empire, and many argue t...
Greece is not a federal state like the United States, but a unitary state like the United Kingdom. It is ruled by a parliament, called the Hellenic Parliament (or Greek Parliament in Simple English), which has 300 members. It is a parliamentary republic, which means that, unlike in the United States, the President has very few powers. The person in charge of the government of Greece is the Prime Minister. Greece was a kingdom for most of its history as an independent nation. It officially became the Third Hellenic Republic (or Third Republic of Greecein Simple English) in 1975, when the monarchy was abolished by a popular vote. Greece was under a military dictatorship between 1966 and 1975. Demonstrations by the students of the universities across Greece took place in 1973, but were suppressed by the regime, which forcibly stopped the protests. The dictatorship collapsed after the invasion of Cyprus, and handed over power to Constantine Karamanlis. There are many political parties i...
Greece is a small country compared to other countries such as the United States, Spain , Italy, and the United Kingdom. The population of Greece is estimated to be over 10 million. Most of the people in Greece are Greeks, and they form 94% of the population of the country. There are also many Albanians in Greece, and they make up 4% of the population.Other nationalities make up for another 2% of the country. The Greek government recognizes only one minority in the country, the Turkish one in...
The Greek flag was officially adopted in 1828 as a civil and state ensign (a flag for use only on boats and ships) and as a national flag when flown outside of Greece, for example on embassies. A different flag (white cross on a blue field) was used as a land flag within Greece from 1828 until 1969 and from 1975 to 1978. In 1978 the current flag became national flagand the older land flag was abolished. There are many theories about the origin of the color of the flag. One says that the blue represents the color of the sea and the white represents the waves, and others include white for the waves and blue for the sky and white for purity and breakaway from tyranny and blue for Greece. There are nine stripes on the flag, which according to the legend represent the nine syllables in the phrase “Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος’’ which means “freedom or death.’’ The cross stands for Christianity.
Greece is a capitalist country, like the United States and France. Greece has the largest number of trading ships (a 'merchant navy') in the world. Tourism is also a major source of income for Greece. In the 20th century Greece had its own currency but now uses the Euroas most other European Community countries do. Greece has adopted some welfare state policies, such as public healthcare and free education, like many other European countries. Greece, however, has not collected enough taxes to pay for them. The pensionsystem is especially expensive. This is putting Greece in a very difficult situation when the country has accumulated a debt of about €350 billion, or debt by 170 per-cent of the country's total GDP.Greece also has a trade deficit, meaning that it buys more things than it sells. The country is cutting costs and asking for loans in order to avoid bankruptcy.
About 30 million tourists visit Greece each year. That is more than the country’s entire population. To serve the many tourists, Greece has many international airports. Tourism also makes up more than 20% of the Greek GDP.
- 1908–1936 ranks
- 1937–1959 ranks
This article contains the rank insignia of the Royal Hellenic Army.
Adopted for the khaki field uniform and the blue service/dress uniform in 1908, replaced in 1936–1937 by British-style ranks.
In 1937, the old service uniform and rank insignia for officers, based on French and Russian models, were discarded in favour of British-inspired designs.
- Merger of Kingdom of Greece, First Kingdom of Greece
- Official Establishment
- Fair Use Rationale For Image:Glucksbergstamp.Jpg
- A Question
- Balkan War
- External Links Modified
- Coat of Arms
- Some Comments
Someone put a merger proposal for these two articles. However she/he didn't start a discussion, so here it is. I disagree with the merger. I believe that "Kingdom of Greece" should be a disambiguation page, referring to two articles, one for each of the kingdoms (Otto's and the Glucksbergs'). As a side note, I believe the same should be done with the History of the Hellenic Republic article -a disambiguation to seperate articles for all three republics.--Michalis Famelis (talk)12:09, 30 March 2007 (UTC) 1. I think that's a good idea and would support that proposal. Should we start adding "Move" requests to the relevant articles? --Kimontalk12:58, 30 March 2007 (UTC) 1. 1.1. As far as I am aware, in terms of historical nomenclature, there is no "first" or "second" Kingdom of Greece, unlike the Republics. The current article considers the entire period 1933-1922 as a single entity, separate from 1935-1973, which is wrong. I would prefer, like Michalis, a separation between the Othonia...
First Republic is an unrecognized entity. It may have a spiritual value to Greeks but legally the international agreement which build this new establishment had the signature of Ottoman Empire. Ottoman Empire did accept this entity as a new state, not the one before this. Am I wrong? --OttomanReference17:06, 17 May 2007 (UTC) 1. Greece was granted de jure autonomy in the Treaty of Adrianople in 1829, which ended the War of Independence. Hence, for all intents and purposes, Greece was a separate state, recognized by the Great Powers. The fact that the Republic was for a long time not recognized does not mean anything, since a provisional Greek state existed de facto from 1822. It is this that the Kingdom was a successor to, not the Ottoman Empire, even more so since the change from "Republic" to "Kingdom" was effectively nothing more than a change of regime. In Greece, and in international sources, independence is dated from 1821, as is also the common practice with any "unrecognized...
Image:Glucksbergstamp.jpg is being used on this article. I notice the image page specifies that the image is being used under fair use but there is no explanation or rationale as to why its use in this Wikipedia article constitutes fair use. In addition to the boilerplate fair use template, you must also write out on the image description page a specific explanation or rationale for why using this image in each article is consistent with fair use. Please go to the image description page and edit it to include a fair use rationale. Using one of the templates at Wikipedia:Fair use rationale guidelineis an easy way to insure that your image is in compliance with Wikipedia policy, but remember that you must complete the template. Do not simply insert a blank template on an image page. If there is other fair use media, consider checking that you have specified the fair use rationale on the other images used on this page. Note that any fair use images uploaded after 4 May, 2006, and lacki...
Can anyone tell me why the cross and stripes flag isn't used for the Kingdom of Greece? --DIREKTOR (TALK)07:42, 10 August 2009 (UTC) 1. Did you read Flag of Greece? The stripes flag was used from the beginning as the "sea flag", but the simple cross flag was the proper national flag until 1978. Constantine ✍ 10:29, 10 August 2009 (UTC) FlagSpot says both flags were used, with the plain cross being only for internal use, and the cross-and-stripes for use abroad? --DIREKTOR (TALK)12:26, 10 August 2009 (UTC) 1. Yes. The cross-and-stripes was the naval and "abroad" flag, but it was also quite popular, being extensively used inside the country irrespective of rules. The simple cross flag however was the "official" national flag, used as such both inside Greece, e.g. government offices or military sites, and outside, e.g. in the Olympics or in international organizations. Constantine ✍ 12:45, 10 August 2009 (UTC) So the plain cross was the national flag? Ok, thanks for clearing that up. I...
I changed the State flag used on public buildings, with the National flagof Greece during the monarchy. We have a lot of sources about the flag of Greece in history: 1. Stckholm Olympic Games' poster, 1912 2. Antwerp Olympic Games' poster, 1920 3. World War Two poster, 1944 4. Marshall Plan poster, 1953 5. Melbourne Olympic Games, 1956 6. Greek stamp, 1968 --Cusio (talk) 21:49, 14 September 2009 (UTC) 1. 1.1. I see the plain cross has been removed. I must say, this whole issue seems pretty significant and yet completely confusing. What was the national flag ("main" flag) of the Kingdom? If it was the plain cross, when was it replaced with the cross-and-stripes? If it was the cross-and-stripes, when was that instituted? Was there a special relationship between he two if they were used simultaneously? --DIREKTOR (TALK)21:57, 14 September 2009 (UTC) 1. 1.1. 1.1.1. Maybe there was a separate Domestic and International Flag? El Greco(talk)22:40, 14 September 2009 (UTC) 1. 1.1. 1.1.1. 1.1...
The article needs to be split into at least two, or perhaps three articles. This is no way to cover the subject. -- Director (talk)02:04, 7 February 2013 (UTC) -and what would you rather see it split into?JWULTRABLIZZARD (talk) 19:47, 7 February 2013 (UTC) 1. Kingdom of Greece 2. Economy of the Kingdom of Greece 3. History of the Kingdom of Greece Also this article is severely undercited. --Philly boy92 (talk)20:28, 7 February 2013 (UTC) 1. IMO it would make more sense to split it chronologically, i.e. 1832-1862 (King Otto), 1863-1924 and 1935-1967/74, since the main problem of the present article is that it lumps together different dynasties, regimes & historical periods. In terms of politics, economy, society, etc, there is little in common between Otto's kingdom of the 1850s, which still struggled to overcome the effects of the War of Independence, and the kingdom of George I in the 1870s, let alone with the polity reigned over by Paul and Constantine II. Constantine ✍ 17:49, 16...
I get that the Balkan wars were a major event, but does this article really need to have the entire section basically copy and pasted from the Balkan War page?Muskeato14:24, 2 August 2014 (UTC)
Hello fellow Wikipedians, I have just modified 2 external links on Kingdom of Greece. Please take a moment to review my edit. If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple FaQfor additional information. I made the following changes: 1. Added archive https://web.archive.org/web/20090718062057/http://www.haf.gr/en/history/history/history_2.asp to http://www.haf.gr/en/history/history/history_2.asp 2. Added archive https://web.archive.org/web/20070624035222/http://www.bankofgreece.gr/en/bank/Exhibition_Vlachos.asp to http://www.bankofgreece.gr/en/bank/Exhibition_Vlachos.asp When you have finished reviewing my changes, you may follow the instructions on the template below to fix any issues with the URLs. As of February 2018, "External links modified" talk page sections are no longer generated or monitored by InternetArchiveBot. No special action is required regarding these talk page notices, other than regular verificatio...
Hello, can someone who knows how to deal with pictures' sizes, adjust the coat of arms size so that it is smaller and better-looking (inside the template)? Thank you! --Morretor (talk) 11:53, 3 August 2017 (UTC)
In response to the request on my talk page, here are some comments on the article. Due to the issues with referencing noted below, I've only read over the article lightly. 1. A major issue is that most of its content is not referenced. This is of such an extent that the GA nomination will likely be speedy-closed, and an FA nomination definitely would be. All material needs to be covered by an inline reference for GA level and higher. 2. The article provides a strongly 'top down' history. It would be interesting to discuss demographic changes, as well as cultural trends. 3. The lead is somewhat short 4. There are probably too many images. A smaller number of well selected images would have more impact than the somewhat overwhelming current situation (note: I haven't checked the copyright status of the images) 5. " Otto of Wittelsbach, Prince of Bavaria was chosen as its first King" - why was he selected? 6. "Nevertheless, they laid the foundations of a Greek administration, army, jus...
- Politics and Society
- Empires, Kingdoms and Regions
- See Also
Classical antiquity in the Mediterranean region is commonly considered to have begun in the 8th century BC(around the time of the earliest recorded poetry of Homer) and ended in the 6th century AD. Classical antiquity in Greece was preceded by the Greek Dark Ages (c. 1200 – c. 800 BC), archaeologically characterised by the protogeometric and geometric styles of designs on pottery. Following the Dark Ages was the Archaic Period, beginning around the 8th century BC, which saw early developments in Greek culture and society leading to the Classical Period from the Persian invasion of Greece in 480 until the death of Alexander the Great in 323. The Classical Period is characterized by a "classical" style, i.e. one which was considered exemplary by later observers, most famously in the Parthenon of Athens. Politically, the Classical Period was dominated by Athens and the Delian League during the 5th century, but displaced by Spartan hegemony during the early 4th century BC, before power...
The historical period of ancient Greece is unique in world history as the first period attested directly in comprehensive, narrative historiography, while earlier ancient history or protohistory is known from much more fragmentary documents such as annals, king lists, and pragmatic epigraphy. Herodotus is widely known as the "father of history": his Histories are eponymous of the entire field. Written between the 450s and 420s BC, Herodotus' work reaches about a century into the past, discussing 6th century historical figures such as Darius I of Persia, Cambyses II and Psamtik III, and alluding to some 8th century persons such as Candaules. The accuracy of Herodotus' works is debated. Herodotus was succeeded by authors such as Thucydides, Xenophon, Demosthenes, Plato and Aristotle. Most were either Athenian or pro-Athenian, which is why far more is known about the history and politics of Athens than of many other cities.Their scope is further limited by a focus on political, militar...
In the 8th century BC, Greece began to emerge from the Dark Ages which followed the collapse of Mycenaean civilization. Literacy had been lost and Mycenaean script forgotten, but the Greeks adopted the Phoenician alphabet, modifying it to create the Greek alphabet. Objects inscribed with Phoenician writing may have been available in Greece from the 9th century BC, but the earliest evidence of Greek writing comes from graffiti on Greek pottery from the mid-8th century. Greece was divided into...
In 499 BC, the Ionian city states under Persian rule rebelled against their Persian-supported tyrant rulers. Supported by troops sent from Athens and Eretria, they advanced as far as Sardis and burnt the city before being driven back by a Persian counterattack. The revolt continued until 494, when the rebelling Ionians were defeated. Darius did not forget that Athens had assisted the Ionian revolt, and in 490 he assembled an armada to retaliate. Though heavily outnumbered, the Athenians—suppo...
The Hellenistic period lasted from 323 BC, the end of the wars of Alexander the Great, to the annexation of Greece by the Roman Republic in 146 BC. Although the establishment of Roman rule did not break the continuity of Hellenistic society and culture, which remained essentially unchanged until the advent of Christianity, it did mark the end of Greek political independence. After the death of Alexander, his empire was, after quite some conflict, divided among his generals, resulting in the P...
The territory of Greece is mountainous, and as a result, ancient Greece consisted of many smaller regions each with its own dialect, cultural peculiarities, and identity. Regionalism and regional conflicts were prominent features of ancient Greece. Cities tended to be located in valleys between mountains, or on coastal plains and dominated a certain area around them. In the south lay the Peloponnese, itself consisting of the regions of Laconia (southeast), Messenia (southwest), Elis (west), A...
During the Archaic period, the Greek population grew beyond the capacity of the limited arable land of Greece proper, resulting in the large-scale establishment of colonieselsewhere: according to one estimate, the population of the widening area of Greek settlement increased roughly tenfold from 800 BC to 400 BC, from 800,000 to as many as 7½-10 million. From about 750 BC the Greeks began 250 years of expansion, settling colonies in all directions. To the east, the Aegean coast of Asia Minor...
Ancient Greece consisted of several hundred relatively independent city-states (poleis). This was a situation unlike that in most other contemporary societies, which were either tribal or kingdoms ruling over relatively large territories. Undoubtedly the geography of Greece—divided and sub-divided by hills, mountains, and rivers—contributed to the fragmentary nature of ancient Greece. On the one hand, the ancient Greeks had no doubt that they were "one people"; they had the same religion, sam...
Government and law
Initially many Greek city-states seem to have been petty kingdoms; there was often a city official carrying some residual, ceremonial functions of the king (basileus), e.g., the archon basileus in Athens. However, by the Archaic period and the first historical consciousness, most had already become aristocratic oligarchies. It is unclear exactly how this change occurred. For instance, in Athens, the kingship had been reduced to a hereditary, lifelong chief magistracy (archon) by c.1050 BC; by...
Only free, land-owning, native-born men could be citizens entitled to the full protection of the law in a city-state. In most city-states, unlike the situation in Rome, social prominence did not allow special rights. Sometimes families controlled public religious functions, but this ordinarily did not give any extra power in the government. In Athens, the population was divided into four social classes based on wealth. People could change classes if they made more money. In Sparta, all male c...
Ancient Greek philosophy focused on the role of reason and inquiry. In many ways, it had an important influence on modern philosophy, as well as modern science. Clear unbroken lines of influence lead from ancient Greek and Hellenistic philosophers, to medieval Muslim philosophers and Islamic scientists, to the European Renaissance and Enlightenment, to the secular sciences of the modern day. Neither reason nor inquiry began with the ancient Greeks. Defining the difference between the Greek qu...
Literature and theatre
The earliest Greek literature was poetry and was composed for performance rather than private consumption. The earliest Greek poet known is Homer, although he was certainly part of an existing tradition of oral poetry. Homer's poetry, though it was developed around the same time that the Greeks developed writing, would have been composed orally; the first poet to certainly compose their work in writing was Archilochus, a lyric poet from the mid-seventh century BC. tragedy developed, around th...
Music and dance
Music was present almost universally in Greek society, from marriages and funerals to religious ceremonies, theatre, folk music and the ballad-like reciting of epic poetry. There are significant fragments of actual Greek musical notation as well as many literary references to ancient Greek music. Greek art depicts musical instruments and dance. The word music derives from the name of the Muses, the daughters of Zeuswho were patron goddesses of the arts.
The civilization of ancient Greece has been immensely influential on language, politics, educational systems, philosophy, science, and the arts. It became the Leitkultur of the Roman Empire to the point of marginalizing native Italic traditions. As Horaceput it, 1. Graecia capta ferum victorem cepit et artis / intulit agresti Latio (Epistulae2.1.156f.) 2. "Captive Greece took captive her uncivilised conqueror and instilled her arts in rustic Latium." Via the Roman Empire, Greek culture came to be foundational to Western culture in general.The Byzantine Empire inherited Classical Greek-Hellenistic culture directly, without Latin intermediation, and the preservation of classical Greek learning in medieval Byzantine tradition further exerted a strong influence on the Slavs and later on the Islamic Golden Age and the Western European Renaissance. A modern revival of Classical Greek learning took place in the Neoclassicismmovement in 18th- and 19th-century Europe and the Americas.
Kingdom of Mycenae
(c. 1600–c.1100 BC) Mycenaean Greece (or the Mycenaean civilization) was the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece, spanning the period from approximately 1600–1100 BC. It represents the first advanced and distinctively Greek civilization in mainland Greece with its palatial states, urban organization, works of art, and writing system. The most prominent site was Mycenae, in the Argolid, after which the culture of this era is named. Other centers of power that emerged included Pylos,...
Kingdom of Macedon/Macedonian Empire
(808–146 BC) Macedonia (/ˌmæsɪˈdoʊniə/ (About this soundlisten); Ancient Greek: Μακεδονία), also called Macedon (/ˈmæsɪdɒn/), was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece, and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece. The kingdom was founded and initially ruled by the royal Argead dynasty, which was followed by the Antipatrid and Antigonid dynasties. Home to the ancient Macedonians, the earliest kingdom was centered on the northeastern part of the Greek penins...
Kingdom of Cyrene
(632–30 BC) Cyrenaica was colonized by the Greeks beginning in the 7th century BC when it was known as Kyrenaika. The first and most important colony was that of Cyrene, established in about 631 BC by colonists from the Greek island of Thera, which they had abandoned because of a severe famine. Their commander, Aristoteles, took the Libyan name Battos. His dynasty, the Battaid, persisted in spite of severe conflict with Greeks in neighboring cities.
1. Bowersock, G.W. (1985). "The literature of the Empire". In Easterling, P.E.; Knox, Bernard M.W. (eds.). The Cambridge History of Classical Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2. Bremmer, Jan M. (2007). "Greek Normative Animal Sacrifice". In Ogden, Daniel (ed.). A Companion to Greek Religion. Blackwell. 3. Bulloch, A.W. (1985). "Hellenistic Poetry". In Easterling, P.E.; Knox, Bernard M.W. (eds.). The Cambridge History of Classical Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University P...
Template:Country data Kingdom of Greece is an internal data container not intended to be transcluded directly. It is used indirectly by templates such as flag, flagicon, and others. This template is within the scope of WikiProject Flag Template, a collaborative effort to maintain flag templates on Wikipedia.
Template:Country data Kingdom of Greece is an internal data container not intended to be transcluded directly. It is used indirectly by templates such as flag , flagicon , and others. This template is within the scope of WikiProject Flag Template , a collaborative effort to maintain flag templates on Wikipedia.
Uisage on de.wikipedia.org Königreich Griechenland; Uisage on el.wikipedia.org Στρατιωτική δικτατορία στην Ελλάδα (1967 - 1974) Βασίλειο της Ελλάδας; Uisage on en.wikipedia.org Greek junta; User:Maxtillie/sandbox; Kingdom of Greece; User:Sarah fides/Kingdom of Greece; Uisage on es.wikipedia.org