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  1. President of Poland - Wikipedia › wiki › President_of_Poland

    The first president of Poland, Gabriel Narutowicz, was sworn in as president of the Second Polish Republic on 11 December 1922. He was elected by the National Assembly (the Sejm and the Senate) under the terms of the 1921 March Constitution. Narutowicz was assassinated on 16 December 1922.

  2. Andrzej Duda - Wikipedia › wiki › Andrzej_Duda
    • Overview
    • Early life and education
    • Political career
    • Presidency (2015–present)
    • Personal life

    Andrzej Sebastian Duda is a Polish lawyer and politician who has served as president of Poland since 6 August 2015. Before becoming president, Andrzej Duda was a member of the Polish Lower House of Parliament from 2011 to 2014 and served as an MEP from 2014 to 2015. Duda was the presidential candidate for the Law and Justice party, during the 2015 presidential election in May 2015. In the first round of voting, Andrzej Duda received 5,179,092 votes – 34.76% of valid votes. In the second...

    Duda was born on 16 May 1972 in Kraków, to Janina Milewska and Jan Tadeusz Duda, professors at the AGH University of Science and Technology. His grandfather fought in the Polish–Soviet War and later was a member of the Home Army during the Second World War. Between 1987 and 1991 Duda attended Jan III Sobieski High School, Kraków, where he excelled in Humanities. He subsequently studied law at the Jagiellonian University. In October 2001, holding Master of Law degree, he was appointed as ...

    Duda began his political career with the now-defunct Freedom Union Party in the early 2000s. After the parliamentary elections in 2005, he began his collaboration with the Law and Justice Party. From 2006 to 2007, Andrzej Duda was an undersecretary of state in the Ministry of Justice. Then, from 2007 to 2008, Duda was a member of the Polish State Tribunal. From 2008 to 2010, during the presidency of Lech Kaczyński, Duda was an undersecretary of state in the Chancellery of the President of ...

    The five-year term of Andrzej Duda began on 6 August 2015 with taking an oath of office during a National Assembly session. Duda rejected the European Union's proposal of migrant quotas to redistribute asylum seekers, saying: "I won’t agree to a dictate of the strong. I won’t back a Europe where the economic advantage of the size of a population will be a reason to force solutions on other countries regardless of their national interests". In September 2015 Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz ...

    Duda is married to Agata Kornhauser-Duda, a teacher of German at Jan III Sobieski High School in Kraków. Still being high school students, they had met at a party. The couple have been married since 21 December 1994. They have one daughter, Kinga, who was born in 1995. In September 2020, Duda appointed his 25-year-old daughter, to be an unpaid adviser on social issues. Duda's father-in-law is Julian Kornhauser, a well-known writer, translator and literary critic. Duda is a keen skier, he ...

    • 1; Kinga Duda
    • Independent (2015–present)
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  4. President of the Republic of Poland - Simple English ... › wiki › President_of_the

    Andrzej Duda, current President of Poland The President of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej) is the president of Poland. The president directly elected by the people to serve a term of five years. He can be reelected only once.

  5. List of Polish presidents - Simple English Wikipedia, the ... › wiki › List_of_Polish_presidents

    From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia List of the Presidents of Poland (officially President of the Republic of Poland) and other Polish heads of state since 1918 (people who held title other than President)

  6. Acting President of Poland - Wikipedia › wiki › Acting_President_of_Poland

    The Acting President of the Republic of Poland (Polish: pełniący obowiązki prezydenta Rzeczpospolitej Polskiej, or p.o. prezydenta RP) is a temporary post provided for by the Polish Constitution. The constitution states that the president is the head of state.

  7. Aleksander Kwaśniewski - Wikipedia › wiki › Aleksander_Kwaśniewski

    Aleksander Kwaśniewski (Polish pronunciation: [alɛˈksandɛr kfaɕˈɲɛfskʲi] (listen); born 15 November 1954) is a Polish politician and journalist. He served as the President of Poland from 1995 to 2005.

  8. Lech Wałęsa - Wikipedia › wiki › Lech_Wałęsa

    After winning the 1990 Polish presidential election, Wałęsa became the first president of Poland ever elected in a popular vote. He presided over Poland's successful transition from Communism into a free-market liberal democracy, but his active role in Polish politics diminished after he narrowly lost the 1995 Polish presidential election.

  9. President of Poland — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › President_of_Poland
    • History
    • Election
    • Powers
    • Presidential Residencies and Properties
    • Acting President of Poland
    • Former Presidents
    • See Also

    The first pres­i­dent of Poland, Gabriel Naru­tow­icz, was sworn in as pres­i­dent of the Sec­ond Pol­ish Re­pub­lic on 11 De­cem­ber 1922. He was elected by the Na­tional As­sem­bly (the Sejm and the Sen­ate) under the terms of the 1921 March Con­sti­tu­tion. Naru­tow­icz was as­sas­si­nated on 16 De­cem­ber 1922. Pre­vi­ously Józef Piłsud­ski had been "Chief of State" (Naczel­nik Państwa) under the pro­vi­sional Small Con­sti­tu­tion of 1919. In 1926 Piłsud­ski staged the "May Coup", over­threw Pres­i­dent Sta­nisław Wo­j­ciechowski and had the Na­tional As­sem­bly elect a new one, Ignacy Mościcki, thus es­tab­lish­ing the "Sa­na­tion regime". Be­fore Piłsud­ski's death, par­lia­ment passed a more au­thor­i­tar­ian 1935 April Con­sti­tu­tion of Poland (not in ac­cord with the amend­ment pro­ce­dures of the 1921 March Constitution). Mościcki con­tin­ued as pres­i­dent until he re­signed in 1939 in the af­ter­math of the Ger­man In­va­sion of Poland. Mościcki and his gov­ern­ment we...

    The Pres­i­dent of Poland is elected di­rectly by the peo­ple to serve for five years and can be re­elected only once. Pur­suant to the pro­vi­sions of the Con­sti­tu­tion, the Pres­i­dent is elected by an ab­solute ma­jor­ity. If no can­di­date suc­ceeds in pass­ing this thresh­old, a sec­ond round of vot­ing is held with the par­tic­i­pa­tion of the two can­di­dates with the largest and sec­ond largest num­ber of votes re­spec­tively. In order to be reg­is­tered as a can­di­date in the pres­i­den­tial elec­tion, one must be a Pol­ish cit­i­zen, be at least 35 years old on the day of the first round of the elec­tion and col­lect at least 100,000 sig­na­tures of reg­is­tered vot­ers.

    The Pres­i­dent has a free choice in se­lect­ing the Prime Min­is­ter, yet in prac­tice they usu­ally give the task of form­ing a new gov­ern­ment to a politi­cian sup­ported by the po­lit­i­cal party with the ma­jor­ity of seats in the Sejm(usu­ally, though not al­ways, it is the leader of that po­lit­i­cal party). The Pres­i­dent has the right to ini­ti­ate the leg­isla­tive process. They also have the op­por­tu­nity to di­rectly in­flu­ence it by using their veto to stop a bill; how­ever, a veto can be over­ruled by a three-fifths ma­jor­ity vote in the pres­ence of at least half of the statu­tory num­ber of mem­bers of the Sejm (230). Be­fore sign­ing a bill into law, the Pres­i­dent can also ask the Con­sti­tu­tional Tri­bunalto ver­ify its com­pli­ance with the Con­sti­tu­tion, which in prac­tice bears a de­ci­sive in­flu­ence on the leg­isla­tive process. In their role as supreme rep­re­sen­ta­tive of the Pol­ish state, the Pres­i­dent has power to rat­ify and re­voke in­ter­...

    Sev­eral prop­er­ties are owned by the Of­fice of the Pres­i­dent and are used by the Head of State as their of­fi­cial res­i­dence, pri­vate res­i­dence, res­i­dence for vis­it­ing for­eign of­fi­cials etc. 1. The Presidential Palace in Warsawis the largest palace in Warsaw and the official seat of the President of the Republic of Poland since 1993. The first presidential tenant was Lech Wałęsa when he moved to the Palace from Belweder in 1994. 2. Belweder, in Warsaw, was the official seat of the President until 1993, and is currently owned by the Office of the President as the official residence of the Presidentand is used by the President and the Government for ceremonial purposes. The palace also serves as an official residence for heads of state on official visits to Poland and other important guests. 3. Presidential Castle in Wisłain a château built for the Habsburgs as their hunting cottage, which was rebuilt between 1929-1931 and used as recreational residence by President I...

    The con­sti­tu­tion states that the Pres­i­dent is an elected of­fice, there is no di­rectly elected pres­i­den­tial line of suc­ces­sion. If the Pres­i­dent is un­able to ex­e­cute their pow­ers and du­ties, the Mar­shal of the Sejm will have the pow­ers of a Pres­i­dent for a max­i­mum of 60 days until elec­tions are called. On 10 April 2010, a plane car­ry­ing Pol­ish Pres­i­dent Lech Kaczyński, his wife, and 94 oth­ers in­clud­ing many Pol­ish of­fi­cials crashed near Smolensk-North Air­port in Rus­sia. There were no survivors. Bro­nisław Ko­morowski took over act­ing pres­i­den­tial pow­ers fol­low­ing the in­ci­dent. On 8 July, Bro­nis­law Ko­morowski re­signed from the of­fice of Mar­shal of the Sejm after win­ning the pres­i­den­tial elec­tion. Ac­cord­ing to the con­sti­tu­tion, the act­ing pres­i­dent then be­came the Mar­shal of the Sen­ate, Bog­dan Borusewicz. In the af­ter­noon Grze­gorz Schetynawas elected as a new Mar­shal of the Sejm and he be­came act­ing pres­i­den...

    Within Poland, for­mer pres­i­dents are en­ti­tled to life­time per­sonal se­cu­rity pro­tec­tion by Biuro Ochrony Rządu of­fi­cers, in ad­di­tion to re­ceiv­ing a sub­stan­tial pen­sion and a pri­vate of­fice. On 10 April 2010, Lech Kaczyński, pres­i­dent at the time, and Ryszard Kac­zorowski, the last pres­i­dent-in-ex­ile al­though not in­ter­na­tion­ally rec­og­nized, died in the crash of the Pol­ish Air Force Tu-154en route to Russia. For­mer Pres­i­dents of Poland: 1. Lech Wałęsa(1990–1995) 2. Aleksander Kwaśniewski(1995–2005) 3. Lech Kaczyński(2005–2010) 4. Bronisław Komorowski(2010–2015)

  10. Wojciech Jaruzelski - Wikipedia › wiki › Wojciech_Jaruzelski

    Early life. Wojciech Witold Jaruzelski was born on 6 July 1923 in Kurów, into a family of Polish gentry. He was the son of Wanda (née Zaremba) and Władysław Mieczysław Jaruzelski, a Czech-educated agronomist and volunteered soldier who fought in the war against Soviet Russia in 1920 and was raised on the family estate near Wysokie (in the vicinity of Białystok).

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