ʿAin Ghazal is a Neolithic archaeological site located in metropolitan Amman, Jordan, about 2 km north-west of Amman Civil Airport.
‘Ain Ghazal ‘Ain Ghazal is a Neolithic site located near Amman, Jordan. It was excavated between 1982 and 1998 by an American-Jordanian team directed by Gary O. Rollefson, Whitman College, Walla Walla, Wa. and Zeidan Kafafi, the University of Yarmouk at Irbid, Jordan.
He is a specialist in the archaeology and peoples of the prehistoric Near East who, together with Jordanian archaeologist Zeidan Kafafi, is well known for the excavation of the important Neolithic site of ‘Ain Ghazal, where some of the world’s oldest statues were discovered.
IntroductionSix seasons of excavation (1982) (1983) (1984) (1985) (1988) (1989) and one of survey (1987) at Neolithic 'Ain Ghazal, a large permanent farming settlement on the NE outskirts of Amman, Jordan, have produced an abundant array of information concerning a critical period of cultural development in the Near East.
INTRODUCTION: A group of stunning anthropomorphic lime plaster statues was excavated at the Neolithic site of ‘Ain Ghazal, Jordan in 1983. The statues, carbon dated to 8700 BP, were found stacked on top of each other in a pit.
The decline of the early Neolithic population center of 'Ain Ghazal and corresponding earth-surface processes, Jordan Rift Valley By Bernhard Weninger , Lee Clare , Gary Rollefson , and Christoph Zielhofer
The neolithic site of 'Ain Ghazal was found in the outskirts of Amman. At its height, around 7000 BC, it had an area of 15 hectares (37 acres) and was inhabited by ca. 3000 people (four to five times the population of contemporary Jericho). At that time the site was a typical aceramic Neolithic village.
The Ain Ghazal Statues are a number of monumental lime plaster and reed statues discovered at the site of Ayn Ghazal in Jordan. The works date to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic C period. A total of 15 statues and 15 busts were discovered in 1983 and 1985 in two underground caches, created about 200 years apart.
Environment and Architectural Change at the Neolithic Site of ‘Ain Ghazal. 2009. Zeidan A K Kafafi
Sites from this period found in the Levant utilizing rectangular floor plans and plastered floor techniques were found at Ain Ghazal, Yiftahel (western Galilee), and Abu Hureyra (Upper Euphrates). The period is dated to between c. 10,700 and c. 8,000 BP or 7000–6000 BC.