Éleuthère Irénée du Pont. Éleuthère Irénée du Pont de Nemours ( / djuːˈpɒnt, ˈdjuːpɒnt /; French: [dypɔ̃]; 24 June 1771 – 31 October 1834) was a French-American chemist and industrialist who founded the gunpowder manufacturer E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company. His descendants, the du Pont family, have been one of America's ...
Dec 04, 2017 · Eleuthère Irénée du Pont (1771–1834) was the son of Pierre Samuel du Pont, a French economist, government official, and publicist. When the du Pont family fled to the United States in 1799, Eleuthère Irénée found opportunity in America’s gunpowder industry. bio-du-pont.jpg Engraving of Eleuthère Irénée du Pont, after a painting by Rembrandt Peale.
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Generations of men and women have contributed to the development of E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, which grew from a single gunpowder mill on Brandywine Creek to an international giant. But the company's start, as well as its heart and soul, are attributable to one man, Éleuthère Irénée du Pont, who was shaped by the revolutionary period of France in the late eighteenth century and came to America as a refugee.
Éleuthère Irénée du Pont was born in Paris, France, on June 24, 1771, to Pierre Samuel du Pont and Nicole Charlotte Marie Le Dee. In Greek his names signify the ideals of honor, liberty, and peace. Du Pont's father was a noble, granted his position after having served the corrupt French throne for many years. His mother died when du Pont was 14 years old. Along with his older brother, Victor, du Pont grew up at Bois-des-Fosses, a family estate 60 miles south of Paris, and was schooled by private tutors. The young du Pont was heavily influenced by the momentous politics of his time. He grew up during the harsh and oppressive political atmosphere of France during the days of Louis XIV and the angry mobs of the revolution, who used the guillotine liberally. His final days in France saw the rise to power of Napoleon Bonaparte. Pierre du Pont was politically active, sharing the title of commander of the National Guard with the Marquis de Lafayette. Du Pont aligned himself politicallywith...
Shortly after arriving in America, the du Ponts moved to New York. Du Pont's father had planned to develop land in western Virginia, but was advised to delay his land investments. His father then started a commission business in New YorkCity, but it was not successful. Éleuthère du Pont then happened upon an idea that was much more profitable. On a hunting trip with Colonel Louis de Toussard, an American military officer, du Pont discovered that American gunpowder was not only poor in quality but high in price. They made a study of the powder industry in America and concluded that the construction of a powder mill might be a profitable business, since gunpowder was a much needed commodity. The people settling the American frontier required protection from Indians and wild animals. Settlers hunted for meat and skins, and gunpowder was used to clear land to build homes and roads. Du Pont saw a good market for gunpowder, and in 1801 returned to France for three months to secure financi...
Following the teachings of his mentor, Antoine Lavoisier, and the scientific method he espoused, du Pont established technical, methodological, and ethical principles to which the company adheres to this day. Du Pont gave careful attention to raw material preparation. He used charcoal made from willow trees, because these trees always grew new branches and thus were a renewable resource. Saltpeter (a white powder ingredient used to make gun powder) was always thoroughly cleaned in de Pont's mills, no matter what the state of cleanliness of the material when it arrived. Sulfur was not used unless pure and clear in color. Du Pont installed a labor-saving device for kerneling of the powder. He always sought means to improve his methods and the quality of his product, regardless of the state of the economy or the success of the business. One hundred and fifty years before they became buzz words in American business, du Pont was pursuing quality, product, and process improvement. Du Pont...
Contact at: E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company 1007 Market St. Wilmington, DE 19898 Business Phone: (302)774-1000 URL: http://www.dupont.com
Éleuthère Irénée du Pont. Éleuthère Irénée du Pont (1771-1834), a French-born American manufacturer, founded the gunpowder mill which became the basis of E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company. Born in Paris on June 24, 1771, E. I. du Pont was the son of Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours, a leading economist of the physiocratic school.
Éleuthère Irénée DuPont. Chemist, Industrialist. He was the founder of the gunpowder manufacturer, E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company. His descendants, the Du Pont family, were one of America's richest and most prominent families in the 19th and 20th centuries. Born into a prominent French family, his father was a political economist who ...
- Wilmington, Delaware
- Old Cemetery, D-3, Lot # 005
- Éleuthère Irénée Du Pont
- French Revolution
Earlier this week I wrote about Constitution signer Jacob Broomand how he sold off property to the du Pont Family. This sparked by interest in du Pont himself and though I should expand on the earlier article by writing his story. Spoiler alert: he buys land from Jacob Broom and starts a very successful company. His means of arriving in that situation is still a tale that needs to be told.
Éleuthère Irénée du Pont was born a second-generation nobleman in France. His father was elevated to nobility due to his renown as an economist and assistance of King Louis XVI. Éleuthère was given the best of education, becoming an expert in chemistry and explosives. For a time, he was employed in making gunpowder for the French Army. Additionally, du Pont worked in his father’s print shop, where they published books and newspapers that promoted republican ideals.
Unfortunately, the French Revolution did not work out well for the du Ponts. Originally, they were welcomed into the revolutionary fold but, as with most moderates during the French Revolution, the rebels turned on them. Éleuthère and his father assisted in sneaking King Louis out of the country, as they though executing him was simply the wrong move. The other revolutionaries didn’t love this and the older du Pont was arrested. He would have been guillotined had not the Reign of Terror come to an end. Shortly after this, the family’s printing presses were destroyed. The du Ponts gave up of Revolutionary France and decided to immigrate.
The du Ponts had become very close with Thomas Jeffersonwhile he was in Paris and due much to this relationship they chose to relocate to the United States. Though most of the du Pont family moved to New York City, Éleuthère decided to move to Maryland. He had quickly noticed how poor the American gunpowder was (making the winning of the American Revolution that much more impressive). Due to this, du Pont purchased land and mills from Jacob Broom (told you this was coming) and began to build his business. Due to the high quality of du Pont’s powder, he quickly began making a tidy profit. Over the years, E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company (commonly known today simply as du Pont) expanded into other chemistry fields and today is one of America’s wealthiest corporations. To read about other early industrialists, check out my articles on John Stevens III and Paul Revere. Yes, that Paul Revere. If you’d like to learn more about the du Pont Family, Pick up ‘Behind the Nylon Curtain’ fro...
Éleuthère Irénée du Pont de Nemours (/djuːˈpɒnt, ˈdjuːpɒnt/; French: [dypɔ̃]; 24 June 1771 – 31 October 1834) was a French-American chemist and industrialist who founded the gunpowder manufacturer E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company. His descendants, the du Pont family, have been one of America'