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    • Camille Chevalier-Karfis
    • French Language Expert
    • Using Être. Être is not only common because it means "to be", but also because many verbs use être as an auxiliary verb to form compound tenses such as passé composé.
    • Formal vs. Modern Pronunciation of Être. Be careful with the pronunciation of this verb. In more formal French, various forms of être involve liaisons, such as
    • Present Indicative. Je. suis. Je suis étudiant. I am a student. Tu es Tu es très aimable. You are very kind. Ils/Elles/On. est. Elle est à Paris. She is in Paris. Nous. sommes.
    • Compound Past Indicative. The passé composé is a past tense that can be translated as the simple past or the present perfect. For the verb être, it is formed with the auxiliary verb avoir and the past participle été​.
  1. être translate: to be, to go (past tense), to visit (past tense), used in some compound verb forms, being, person…. Learn more in the Cambridge French-English Dictionary.

    • The Three Main Uses of 'être'
    • être as An Auxiliary Verb
    • Expressions with 'avoir' That Mean 'To Be'
    • Weather Expressions Use 'Faire,' Not 'être'
    • Idiomatic Expressions with 'être'
    • Conjugations of 'être'

    The many forms ofêtre are busy binding together the French language in three essential ways: 1) to describe a temporary or permanent state of being, 2) to describe someone's profession, and 3) to indicate possession. 1. Être is used with adjectives, nouns, and adverbsto describe a temporary or permanent state of being. For example: 1. Il est beau.> He is handsome. 2. Je suis à Paris.> I'm in Paris. 3. Nous sommes français.> We're French. 4. Il est là-bas.> He's over there. 2. Être is used to describe someone's profession; note that in French the indefinite articleis not used in this type of construction. For example: 1. Mon père est avocat.> My father is a lawyer. 2. Je suis étudiant.> I'm a student. 3. Elle était professeur. > She used to be a professor. 3. Être can be used with the preposition à plus a stressed pronoun to indicate possession. For example: 1. Ce livre est à moi. > This is my book. 2. À qui est cet argent ? C'est à Paul. > Whose money is this? It's Paul's.

    1. For Compound Tenses: While avoir is the auxiliary for most verbs in the French compound tenses, êtreis the auxiliary for some verbs as well. The conjugated auxiliary verb is used with the past participle of the main verb to form the compound tense. For example: 1. Je suis allé en France.> I went to France. 2. Nous étions déjà sortis.> We had already left. 3. Il serait venu si...> He would have come if... 2. For the ​Passive Voice: Êtrein the present tense and the past participle of the main verb forms the passive voice. For example: 1. La voiture est lavée.- The car is washed. 2. Il est respecté de tout le monde.> He is respected by everyone.

    When does "to have" (avoir) mean "to be" (être) in French? In several idiomatic expressions, which are governed by the laws of use over time, as odd as the use may seem. For this reason, there are a number of "state of being" idiomatic expressions with avoirthat are translated as "to be" in English: 1. avoir froid> to be cold 2. avoir raison> to be right 3. avoir xx ans> to be xx years old

    Weather is another instance of odd idiomatic usage. When talking about the weather, English uses a form of the verb "to be." French uses the verb faire (to do or make) rather than être: 1. Quel temps fait-il ?> How's the weather? 2. Il fait beau.> It is nice out. / The weather is nice. 3. Il fait du vent.> It is windy.

    A multitude of idiomatic expressions using être exist. Here are a few of the better-known expressions: 1. être à côté de la plaque > to be way off the mark, to not have a clue 2. être bien dans sa peau > to be at ease/comfortable with oneself 3. être bouche bée > to be flabbergasted 4. être dans le doute > to be doubtful 5. être dans la mouise(familiar) > to be flat broke 6. être dans la panade(familiar) > to be in a sticky situation 7. être dans son assiette > to feel normal, like oneself 8. être de > to be at/in (figuratively) 9. être en train de + infinitive > to be (in the process of) + present participle 10. être haut comme trois pommes > to be knee-high to a grasshopper 11. être sur son trente et un > to be dressed to the nines 12. en être > to take part in 13. ça m'est égal > it's all the same to me 14. ça y est > that's it, it's done 15. c'est > it is (impersonal expression) 16. c'est + date > it's (date) 17. c'est-à-dire > that is, i.e., I mean 18. c'est à moi / toi / Paul...

    Below is the useful present-tense conjugation of être. For a complete conjugation of tenses, see all tenses. Present tense 1. je suis 2. tu es 3. il est 4. nous sommes 5. vous êtes 6. ils sont

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  3. Être is one of the two most important French verbs (avoir is the other one) and has irregular conjugations in just about every tense and mood. Être literally means "to be," but also serves as an auxiliary verb and is the key to the passive voice. Être = to be

  4. La conjugaison du verbe être sa définition et ses synonymes. Conjuguer le verbe être à indicatif, subjonctif, impératif, infinitif, conditionnel, participe, gérondif.

  5. en.wiktionary.org › wiki › êtreêtre - Wiktionary

    Nov 24, 2021 · être m (plural êtres) being, creature (uncountable) being, the state or fact of existence. 1943, Jean-Paul Sartre, L'Être et le néant. Related terms . être humain; Further reading “être”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.

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