The Ñancahuazú Guerrilla or Ejército de Liberación Nacional de Bolivia ( National Liberation Army of Bolivia; ELN) was a group of mainly Bolivian and Cuban guerrillas led by the guerrilla leader Che Guevara which was active in the Cordillera Province of Bolivia from 1966 to 1967. The group established its base camp on a farm across the ...
- 3 November 1966 – 9 October 1967, (11 months and 6 days)
- Bolivian government victory, Death of Che Guevara
- Guerrilla Operations
Che Guevara was committed to ending what he viewed as "U.S. imperialism", and he decided to travel to the Congo during its civil war to back the anti-American guerrilla groups. Guevara's aim was to export the revolution by instructing local anti-Mobutu Simba fighters in Marxist ideology and foco theory strategies of guerrilla warfare. In his Congo Diary, he cites the incompetence, intransigence and infighting of the local Congolese forces as key reasons for the insurgency's failure. Later tha...
Che Guevara entered Bolivia with the surname "Adolfo Mena González" in November 1966. He planned to organize a foco with Bolivia as his target. Planning to start a guerrilla campaign against the military government of President Rene Barrientos, he assembled a band of 29 Bolivians, 16 Cubans, and a few foreigners which included Guevara himself, one woman from East Germany named Tamara Bunke, and three Peruvians. This small but well-armed group carried out two successful ambushes against two army patrols in the spring of 1967, but failed to gain significant support from fellow opposition groups in Bolivia's cities or from local civilians, some of whom willingly informed the authorities of the guerrilla's movements. Guevara's men soon became fugitives, hunted down by Bolivian special forces and their American advisers. In the last few months of the venture, Guevara wrote in his diary that: "Talking to these peasants is like taking to statues. They do not give us any help. Worse still,...
After his execution, Guevara's body was lashed to the landing skids of a helicopter and flown to nearby Vallegrande, where photographs were taken of him lying on a concrete slab in the laundry room of the Nuestra Señora de Malta. As hundreds of local residents filed past the body, many of them considered Guevara's corpse to represent a "Christ-like" visage, with some of them even surreptitiously clipping locks of his hair as divine relics. Such comparisons were further extended when two weeks later upon seeing the post-mortem photographs, English art critic John Berger observed that they resembled two famous paintings: Rembrandt's The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp and Andrea Mantegna's Lamentation over the Dead Christ. There were also four correspondents present when Guevara's body arrived in Vallegrande, including Bjorn Kumm of the Swedish Aftonbladet, who described the scene in a November 11, 1967, exclusive for The New Republic. Bolivia had defeated its last major insurgenc...
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A Guerrilha de Ñancahuazú (em espanhol Guerrilla de Ñancahuazú; também Ejército de Liberación Nacional de Bolívia - ELN) é o nome frequentemente dado para se referir ao grupo guerrilheiro formado principalmente de bolivianos e guerrilheiros cubanos liderados por Ernesto Che Guevara na Bolívia entre 1966 e 1967.
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