Illinois ( / ˌɪləˈnɔɪ / ( listen) IL-ə-NOY) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product (GDP) , the sixth largest population, and the 25th largest land area of all U.S. states. Illinois has been noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern ...
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伊利诺伊州 691项 伊利诺伊州 11,700项 两者其实差无几。。。 做重定向，如何？-- 石添小草. 在美国驻华大使馆的网页上搜索“illinois”回传的是“伊利诺伊州”。不知道安装美国驻华大使馆的是否准确些？--Tintin 16:38 2004年4月3日 (UTC)
[24 March 2017]. （ 原始内容 (PDF) 存档于2018年12月25日）. ^ ISU President Tim Flanagan resigns amid assault claim - News - Journal Star - Peoria, IL .
1918年1月16日，伊利诺伊州联邦众议员洛伦·埃德加·惠勒（Loren E. Wheeler）向众议院递交H.R. 8764法案，建议为该州1818年加入联邦一百周年发行半美元纪念币，法案随后转交铸币和度量衡委员会审核。3月5日，惠勒在委员会听证时称，新纪念币计划在伊利诺伊州庆典活动期间销售，他此前已同财政部长威廉·吉布斯·麦卡杜和美国铸币局局长雷蒙德·托马斯·贝克（Raymond T. Baker）会晤，两人都不反对法案。并且麦卡杜还告知，他此前反对发行其他纪念币主要是因为部分纪念币销售业绩不及预期，导致许多都要退回铸币局熔毁。对此惠勒告知委员会，伊利诺伊州财政部长会买下所有新币，所以不用担心退货问题。德克萨斯州议员詹姆斯·路德·斯莱登（James L. Slayden）询问发行这款半美元需要耗费联邦政府多少资金，但惠勒对此没有答案。斯莱登又询问1916至1917年发行麦金莱诞生地纪念金币的政府成本，委员会主席、俄亥俄州议员威廉·艾伯特·艾什布鲁克（William A. Ashbrook）回复，当时制作金属模具的花销是由从政府手中购买硬币的组织承担。艾什布鲁克于是提议加入条款，明确说明伊利诺伊州政府需承担相应开支，惠勒对此没有意见，但建议最好把原法案中二十万枚的授权发行量减半，避免将来退货。艾什布鲁克又询问百年纪念委员会是否会把纪念币加价出售，惠勒回复不会，声称新币会像其他半美元硬币一样进入市场流通。委员会的公开听证至此结束，接下来通过行政议程继续审核。 3月12日，艾什布鲁克代表委员会向众议院递交报告，建议通过法案前把授权发行量减至十万，同时加入联邦政府不承担铸币金属模具开支的声明。 1918年4月6日，惠勒提请众议院表决修订后的法案。北卡罗来纳州议员克劳德·基钦（Claude Kitchin）向惠勒提问：铸币和度量衡委员会是否一致建议通过法案，麦卡杜和贝克是否都认同法案，是否有过发行半美元纪念币纪念某州加入联邦的先例。惠勒向基钦保证前两个问题的答案都是肯定，但他没有直接回答第三个问题（答案应该是否），而是援引过去发行的路易斯安那购地博览会金币和巴拿马－太平洋纪念币作为旁证。此时艾什布鲁克打断发言，告知基钦委员会确实是全体一致建议通过法案。基钦接下来没有提出新问题，法案直接通过。 H. R. 8742法案送联邦参议院后转银行和货币委员会审核，委员会主席、...
伊利诺伊州百年纪念半美元的设计没有另聘雕塑家，而是由费城铸币局雕刻部完成。硬币正面是亚伯拉罕·林肯头像，由首席雕刻师乔治·托马斯·摩根（George T. Morgan）操刀，参考依据是安德鲁·奥康纳（Andrew O'Connor）创作的林肯塑像照片，这座塑像于1918年8月在伊利诺伊州斯普林菲尔德揭幕（林肯成年后大部分时间都住在该市）。设计图案上的林肯未蓄胡须，这点同他1860年当选总统前在伊利诺伊州生活的实际情况相符。纪念币正面采用林肯头像主要是因为他是该州最富盛名的居民。此外，硬币正面刻有格言“LIBERTY”（“自由”）、“IN GOD WE TRUST”（“我们信仰上帝”）以及周年纪念年份“1918”。 负责半美元背面设计的是铸币局助理雕刻师约翰·雷·辛诺克，他后于1925年摩根去世时继任首席雕刻师。设计图案以伊利诺伊州州徽为蓝本，主体是栖息在岩丘上的老鹰，背后还可以看到冉冉升起的太阳。鹰喙叼着的丝带上有伊利诺伊州格言“STATE SOVEREIGNTY, NATIONAL UNION”（“州主权，国团结”），爪子还抓着象征联邦的盾牌。 盾牌下部有一截橄榄枝，但纪念币两面都没有代表战争的箭矢，相比之下，其他大部分有橄榄枝的美国硬币都会刻上箭矢。对此安东尼·斯沃泰克和沃尔特·布林（Walter Breen）认为，在距第一次世界大战结束只剩几个月时这样设计多少有欠考虑。此外，硬币背面还刻有发行国名“UNITED STATES OF AMERICA”（“美利坚合众国”）、面额“HALF DOLLAR”（“半美元”）和美国格言“E PLURIBUS UNUM”（“合众为一”）。 财政部长麦卡杜起初不接受两位雕刻师的设计草案。1918年6月24日，美国铸币局代理局长玛丽·玛格丽特·奥赖利致信费城铸币局总监亚当·乔伊斯（Adam M. Joyce），称麦卡达“特别要求”把丝带上的州格言换成国家格言。信中要求乔伊斯遵循《1873年铸币法案》规定，硬币必须有一面附有“LIBERTY”（“自由”）字样，还要有铸造年份和象征自由的设计图案，另一边要有鹰、面值和发行国名。但铸币局最终没有全盘接受财政部长的要求，丝带上的铭文依然是州格言。对此唐·塔克西（Don Taxay）推测，这可能是因为伊利诺伊州百年纪念委员会的坚持。 钱币学家及评论家对这款纪念币整体持正面态度。塔克...
1918年8月，费城铸币局共出产10万零58枚伊利诺伊州百年纪念半美元，其中58枚由铸币局保留，等待来年美国化验委员会的年度检测。纪念币没有正式包装，有少量制成伊利诺伊州百年纪念委员会的徽章。半美元的宣传主要集中在伊利诺伊州内，百年纪念委员直接以面值销售硬币，同时也分发给驻各县分会销售，数量按各县人口在全州所占比例分配，如果分会加价出售，那么获利需用于支付当地庆典活动开支，或援助因战争陷入困境的市民。 斯普林菲尔德商会以一美元单价出售纪念币，但最终还是有部分打折，德克萨斯州某钱币经销商以略高于面额的价格买下数千枚。当地一家银行将三万枚半美元囤积十五年之久，然后在1933年银行大歇业期间以略高于市场价卖出。钱币交易市场一度波动，到1936年美国纪念币热潮期间已逐渐平息，但价格依然没有超过1925年左右达到的1.25美元。1980年，美国再度迎来纪念币热潮，成色达到未流通级的伊利诺伊州半美元要价300美元。根据理查德·约曼（Richard S. Yeoman）2017年版的《美国钱币指南手册》（A Guide Book of United States Coins），这款纪念币视成色而定，价值在130至685美元范围。2014年，一枚成色根据谢尔顿硬币分级标准判定基本完美的伊利诺伊州百年纪念半美元经拍卖以7040美元成交。
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Prior to the 1830s, the area now occupied by Evanston was mainly uninhabited, consisting largely of wetlands and swampy forest. However, PotawatomiNative Americans used trails along higher lying ridges that ran in a general north–south direction through the area, and had at least some semi-permanent settlements along the trails. French explorers referred to the general area as "Grosse Pointe" after a point of land jutting into Lake Michigan about 13 miles (21 km) north of the mouth of the Chicago River. After the first non-Native Americans settled in the area in 1836, the names "Grosse Point Territory" and "Gross Point voting district" were used through the 1830s and 1840s, although the territory had no defined boundaries.The area remained only sparsely settled, supporting some farming and lumber activity on some of the higher ground, as well as a number of taverns or "hotels" along the ridge roads. Grosse Pointe itself steadily eroded into the lake during this period. In 1850, a to...
According to the 2010 census, Evanston has a total area of 7.802 square miles (20.21 km2), of which 7.78 square miles (20.15 km2) (or 99.72%) is land and 0.022 square miles (0.06 km2) (or 0.28%) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 74,486 people (up from 74,239 at the 2000 census), 30,047 households, and 15,621 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,574.0 people per square mile (3,687.4/km2). There were 33,181 housing units at an average density of 4,264.9 per square mile (1,642.6/km2). The 2010 census showed that Evanston is ethnically mixed with the following breakdown in population: 65.6% White, 18.1% Black or African American, 0.2% American Indian or Alaska Native, 8.6% Asian, 0.02% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 3.6% some other race, and 3.8% from two or more races. 9.0% were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 30,047 households, out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were headed by married couplesliving together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 48.0% were non-families. 37.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.5% were someone living alone who was 6...
The City of Evanston became sister cities with the Dnieprovsky District of the City of Kyiv, Ukraine in 1988, and sister cities with Belize City, Belizein 1992. Evanston has a council-manager system of government and is divided into nine wards, each of which is represented by an Alderman, or member of the Evanston City Council. Businessman Steve Hagerty was elected mayor in April 2017, replacing Elizabeth Tisdahl, who had served since 2009. Hagerty, who won election by a margin of only 111 votes,was sworn into office on May 8. Evanston was heavily Republican in voter identification from the time of the Civil War up to the 1960s. Nixon carried Evanston in the 1968 presidential election. The city began trending Democraticin the 1960s, though it did not elect a Democratic mayor until 1993. The city swung particularly heavily to the Democrats in the 1990s, along with many other Chicago suburbs, and now almost exclusively identifies with Democrats in elections on all levels of government.Early after its founding, because of its strong Methodist influence, and its attempt to impose moral rigor, Evanston was called "Heavenston".In the early 20th century Evanston was called "The City of Churches".The varied works of numerous prominent architects, and many prominent mansions, especially near the lakefront, gave the town by the 1920s the sobriquet "The City of Homes", a fact often touted by l...Since the late 20th century, because of Evanston's activism and often left-of-center politics, it is sometimes humorously (or sarcastically) referred to as "The People's Republic of Evanston".
Private schools located in Evanston, Illinois include: 1. Beacon Academy, a Montessori high school 2. Chiaravalle Montessori School, a Montessori school for children ages 2–14 3. Midwest Montessori School 4. Pope John XXIII School, a Catholic school serving children pre-kindergarten through eighth grade. The school dates back to 1886 with the establishment of separate schools serving St. Nicholas and St. Mary's parishes in Evanston. The original St. Nicholas School was in the building now cal...
The Evanston Public Library was established in 1873,and has a satellite branch at the Robert Crown Community Center. Karen Danczak Lyons is the Library Director.
In 2006, National-Louis University closed its former main site, which had 6.5 acres (2.6 ha) of land, with about 33% in Evanston; the majority of the land was in Wilmette.
Evanston's growth occurred largely because of its accessibility from Chicago by rail. The Northwestern founders did not finalize their commitment to siting the university there until they were assured the Chicago & Milwaukee Railway line would run there. C&M trains began stopping in Evanston in 1855. Evanston later experienced rapid growth as one of the first streetcar suburbs. The North Shore Line, the interurban railroad that gave the area its nickname, ran through Evanston and continued to Waukegan and Milwaukee. The city is still connected to Chicago by rail transit. The CTA's Purple Line, part of the Chicago 'L' system, runs through Evanston. From its terminal at Howard in Chicago, the line heads north to the South Boulevard, Main, Dempster, Davis, Foster, Noyes, and Central stations, before terminating at the Linden station in Wilmette, Illinois. Metra's Union Pacific/North Line also serves Evanston, with stations at Main Street, Davis Street and Central Street, the first two...
Once the home of one of the first Marshall Field's and Searsstores in suburbia, Evanston has several shopping areas: 1. Downtown - centered around the Davis Street Metra and "L" stops, Evanston's downtown adjoins Northwestern University. There are over 300 businesses,several high-rise office and residential buildings, three traditional low-rise shopping areas and over 85 restaurants. It is roughly bordered by Emerson Street to the north, Dempster Street to the south, Ridge Avenue to the west, and the Lake to the east. 2. Central Street - actually several shopping districts linked along the northernmost of the city's principal east–west arteries,with the most active clustered around the Central Street Metra station and characterized by specialty shops and restaurants. 3. Dempster Street- just off the Dempster "L" stop; over 60 shops. 4. Main Street - approximately 3 blocks of mostly independent boutiques and restaurants abutting both a CTA and Metra stop. The neighborhood is also hom...
Magnetar Capital, a hedge fund based in Evanston, was ranked #4 among hedge funds worldwide by Institutional Investor/Alpha magazine in 2015.
Two hospitals are located within Evanston's city limits: 1. Evanston Hospital, part of NorthShore University HealthSystem 2. AMITA Health Saint Francis Hospital Evanston, part of AMITA Health
- Climate and Weather
Bloomington is located at 40°29′03″N 88°59′37″W. The city is at an elevation of 797 feet (243 m) above sea level. According to the 2010 census, Bloomington has a total area of 27.229 square miles (70.52 km2), of which 27.22 square miles (70.50 km2) (or 99.97%) is land and 0.009 square miles (0.02 km2) (or 0.03%) is water.
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Bloomington have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 114 °F (46 °C) was recorded on July 15, 1936 during the 1936 North American heat wave. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.71 inches (43 mm) in February to 4.52 inches (115 mm) in May.
The Bloomington area was at the edge of a large grove occupied by the Kickapoo people before the first Euro-American settlers arrived in the early 1820s. Springing from the settlement of Keg Grove, later called Blooming Grove, Bloomington was named as county seat on December 25, 1830, when McLean Countywas created. When the County of McLean was incorporated, a county seat was established. However, the legislation stated the site of Bloomington "would be located later." James Allin, one of the new county's promoters, offered to donate 60 acres (240,000 m2) of his land for the new town. His offer was accepted, and Bloomington was laid out. Its lots were sold at a well-attended and noisy auction on the 4th of July 1831. At this time there were few roads, but rich soils brought new farmers who began commerce by conducting their business in the newly formed county. People came from all over to trade and do business at the town's center, known today as Downtown Bloomington, including Abra...
As of the census of 2010, there were 76,610 people and 30,454 households within the city. The population density was 2,814.8 people per square mile (1,099.5/km2). There were 34,339 housing units at an average density of 1,261.5 per square mile (492.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.5% White, 10.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 7.0% Asian, 1.42% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latinoof any race were 5.6% of the population. The City of Bloomington and McLean County comprise the fastest-growing metropolitan area in Illinois. The area's population has grown 28% from 1990 through 2006. The fastest growth has been in Bloomington, as the U.S. Census Bureau conducted a special census of that city in February 2006, showing a population of 74,975, a 15.7% increase in less than six years. In 2010, there were 34,339 households, out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couplesliving together, 9.1%...
According to Bloomington's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the area's top employers are: Bloomington is also home to a convention center at the McLean County Fairgrounds, Grossinger Motors Arena, and Beer Nuts.
Interstates 39, 55 and 74 intersect at Bloomington, making the city a substantial transportation hub. US highways 51 and 150 and Illinois state route 9 also run through Bloomington. The legendary highway U.S. Route 66once ran directly through the city's downtown and later on a bypass to the east. The Bloomington-Normal Public Transit System operates Bloomington-Normal's internal bus system, and several intercity bus lines operate north–south and east–west service through the city. Bloomington is serviced by passenger rail, bus service, and several airlines. 1. Amtrak, from its Bloomington-Normal station, operates five trains in each direction between St. Louis and Chicago each day. The station also serves connecting bus service to Peoria and Amtrak stations in Galesburg and Champaign/Urbana. It is Illinois' second busiest Amtrak station after Chicago, servicing more than 209,000 passengers in fiscal year 2010. 2. Greyhound Lines provides service to/from Chicago and St. Louis. Burlin...
Recreation and entertainment
1. The Pepsi Ice Centeris an indoor public ice skating facility operated by the Bloomington Parks & Recreation Department, featuring a full-size sheet of ice: 200’ x 85’. The facility offers ice skating lessons, public skating sessions, a comprehensive hockey program, learn to curl and curling leagues, skate rental and a concessions stand. 2. The Grossinger Motors Arena (formerly the U.S. Cellular Coliseum) in southwest downtown Bloomington opened in 2006 and is home to the Bloomington Edge o...
Nature and wildlife
1. The Bloomington Parks & Recreation Department is composed of four divisions: Parks, Recreation, Golf, and the Miller Park Zoo. The Department maintains over 1,100 acres (4.5 km2) of land including 44 park sites and 3 golf courses including: Airport Park, Alton Depot Park, Angler's Lake Nature Preserve, Atwood Wayside, Bittner Park, Brookridge Park, Buck-Mann Park, Clearwater Park, Eagle Crest Park, Emerson Park, Evergreen Park, Ewing Park 1, Ewing Park 2, Ewing Park 3, Fell Avenue Park, Fo...
In 2005, Golf Digest ranked Bloomington-Normal as the Fifth Best American City for Golf in their "Best in America" Metro Golf Rankings. Golf Digestranked America's largest Metropolitan Statistical Areas on four different criteria: access to golf, weather, value of golf, and quality of golf. 1. The Den at Fox Creek: 6,926 yards (6,333 m), Par 72, 18 holes. The Den at Fox Creek is a 4-star, Arnold Palmer Signature Designed Golf Course that opened in 1997. Amenities include GPS-equipped carts, c...
Area attractions and businesses also offer a number of tours in Bloomington. 1. The Bloomington Center for the Performing Arts offers Behind the Curtain Toursled by a group of specially trained docents. The tours showcase the neo-Classical interior design of the building and explain all of the building's updates and renovations. 2. The David Davis Mansion offers tours for both groups and individuals of the 36-room estate of Judge David Davis. Docents use artifacts and stories about the Davis family to interpret the rich social and cultural history of America's western frontier from the 1850s through the 1880s. Specific themes include servant life, domestic life and technology at the dawn of the industrial age, family history (with a focus on children), and Victorian architecture. The mansion is a precursor of the modern homes and comfort systems that we take for granted today, and is a reminder of the role Illinois played in the nation's history when Abraham Lincoln was President.Ar...Eastland Mall is the main shopping center in Bloomington. Featuring food, shopping and entertainment, Eastland Mall contains a variety of stores including Aeropostale, American Eagle Outfitters, Ap...Downtown Bloomington offers museums, banks, a legal and governmental center, residential living, a large artists' community, plus an assortment of specialty retail businesses and supportive service...Bloomington, Illinois is the only town where BEER NUTS Brand Snacksare made. There are two BEER NUTS Company Stores in Bloomington, each offering a video tour of the Bloomington plant and history o...
1. The Community Soccer Fieldscomplex offers 20 soccer fields of various sizes used annually by 2,000 area soccer players. 2. Extra Innings Bloomington/Normalis an indoor baseball and softball training facility dedicated to fulfilling the needs of players of all ages and abilities. The state-of-the-art, 12,000+ square foot facility features 18-foot (5.5 m) high ceilings, 6 multi-use practice tunnels, a training room, party area, and a fully stocked Pro Shop. 3. Game Time Gym IIis a multi-use...
州 伊利诺伊州: 县: 库克县、杜佩奇县: 定居: 1770年代: 建市: 1837年3月4日: 語源: 迈阿密-伊利诺伊语 （ 英语 ： Miami-Illinois language ） ： shikaakwa （“鸭蒜”） 政府 • 类型: 市长议会制 • 市长: Lori Lightfoot （D） • 市议会: 50名市参议员: 面积 • 市: 234.0 平方英里 ...
The Miss Illinois USA pageant is a competition that selects the representative for the state Illinois in the Miss USA pageant. It is directed by Vanbros and Associates and is previously directed by D&D Productions from 2001 to 2014 before becoming part of Vanbros organization in 2014, headquartered in Lenexa, Kansas.