The core combat arm of the Army Ground Forces was organized around the division formation. The division was created to be the smallest Army organization capable of performing independent operations. Ninety-one divisions were formed by the U.S. Army in World War II. In general, a division contained about 15,000 troops.
Tragically, the division's new positions, in the Ardennes, would place it squarely in the path of the German counteroffensive in the coming Battle of the Bulge. Weather was a key factor in launching the 12th Army Group's main November offensive. Bradley had planned a huge aerial bom- 19 3d Armored Division tanks entrenched outside
The Society thrives today and hosts annual reunions of member First Division veterans. In the fall of 1919, the Division was the last American combat unit to return to the United States, where it marched in victory parades in New York City and Washington, DC. The Division was one of only four retained on active duty between 1919 and 1940.