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  1. This page was once used by the Version 1.0 Editorial Team.It is preserved because of the information in its edit history. This page should not be edited or deleted. Wikiproject article lists can be generated using the WP 1.0 we

  2. Category:1243 births - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Category:1243_births

    Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1243 births. Biography portal. People born in the year 1243. See also: 1243 deaths . 1238. 1239. 1240.

  3. Category talk:1243 births - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Category_talk:1243_births

    This category is within the scope of WikiProject Biography, a collaborative effort to create, develop and organize Wikipedia's articles about people.All interested editors are invited to join the project and contribute to the discussion.

  4. Category:1243 deaths - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Category:1243_deaths

    People who died in the year 1243. See also: 1243 births.

  5. Sancha, heiress of León - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Sancha_of_León_(1191-1243)

    Sancha of León (1191/2 – before 1243) was briefly suo jure Queen of León, reigning alongside her younger sister, Dulce. The eldest child and daughter of Alfonso IX of León by his first wife, Teresa of Portugal, Sancha was made co-heiress following the death of one of her younger brothers and the accession to the throne of Castile of the other.

  6. Pope Innocent IV - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Pope_Innocent_IV

    Pope Innocent IV (Latin: Innocentius IV; c. 1195 – 7 December 1254), born Sinibaldo Fieschi, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 25 June 1243 to his death in 1254. Fieschi was born in Genoa and studied at the universities of Parma and Bologna. He was considered in his own day and by posterity as a fine canonist.

  7. Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent (c.1170 - 1243) - Genealogy

    www.geni.com › people › Hubert-de-Burgh-1st-Earl-of

    May 08, 2021 · Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Hubert de Burgh (before 1180 – before 5 May 1243) was Earl of Kent, Justiciar of England and Ireland, and one of the most influential men in England during the reigns of John and Henry III.

  8. Royal Naval Biography/Brace, Edward - Wikisource, the free ...

    en.wikisource.org › wiki › Royal_Naval_Biography

    A Companion of the most Honorable Military Order of the Bath; and a Knight of the Royal Orders of Charles III. of Spain; St. Maurice and St. Lazarus, of Sardinia; and Wilhelm of the Netherlands. This officer is a son of Francis Brace, of Stagbatch, co. Hereford, Esq. He entered the navy when extremely young, about the year 1781; and after ...

  9. ケント伯爵 - Wikipedia

    ja.wikipedia.org › wiki › ケント伯爵
    • 歴史
    • ケント伯爵(第1期、1020年)
    • ケント伯爵(第4期、1321年)
    • ケント伯爵(第5期、1360年)
    • ケント伯爵(第7期、1465年)

    ゴドウィン(英語版)(?-1053)はケント伯爵の称号を所有したとされる。その息子レオフウィン・ゴドウィンソン(英語版)(c.1035-1066)は1049年頃よりケント州を統治したが、若年だったためケント伯爵にはなっておらず、父の指示に基づき統治したとされ、1057年になってようやくケント伯爵の称号を手に入れた。レオフウィンは1066年のヘイスティングズの戦いで戦死した。 ウィリアム1世(c.1028-1087)の異父弟でバイユー司教(英語版)のオド(英語版)(1030s-1097)は、1067年にケント伯爵に叙された。ウィリアム1世の不在中に副王を務めたり、国王軍を率いて反乱を鎮圧したりしたが、1083年に失脚、投獄された。1087年に釈放されるものの、すぐに反乱を起こして翌1088年に海外追放され、爵位も剥奪された。以降オドは大陸ヨーロッパで活躍し、爵位を取り戻すことは二度となかった。 フランドル伯ロベール1世(c.1035-1093)の孫ウィレム・ファン・イーペル(英語版)(c.1090-1165)はフランドル伯領の継承をめぐってギヨーム・クリトン(1102-1128)と争い、同じくクリトンによる継承を喜ばなかったイングランド王ヘンリー1世(1068-1135)は甥スティーブン(1092/1096-1154)をフランドルに派遣した。これがきっかけとなってウィレムとスティーブンは知り合いになり、ウィレムは1133年にフランドル地方から追い出されるとスティーブンを頼ってイングランドに逃亡した。1135年12月にスティーブンがイングランド王位を継承するとウィレムは重用され、1141年にはケント州を与えられた。『英国人名事典』はこのとき正式な「ケント伯爵」の爵位が与えられなかったとしている。いずれにしても、1154年にスティーブンが失脚してヘンリー2世(1133-1189)が即位すると、ウィレムも失脚し、1157年にイングランドを出てフランドルに戻った。 イングランド王ジョン(1166-1216)の晩年とヘンリー3世(1207-1272)の若年期に最高法官(英語版)を務めたヒューバート・ド・バラ(英語版)(c.1170-1243)は1227年にケント伯爵に叙されたが、1232年に突如失脚して投獄され、1233年に第3代ペンブルック伯リチャード・マーシャル(英語...

    ウェセックス伯爵ゴドウィン(英語版)(1053年没)
    レオフウィン・ゴドウィンソン(英語版)(1035年頃 – 1066年)
    初代ケント伯爵エドマンド・オブ・ウッドストック(英語版)(1301年 – 1330年) - 1330年、私権剥奪
    第2代ケント伯爵エドマンド(英語版)(1326年頃 – 1331年) - 1331年、爵位を回復
    第3代ケント伯爵ジョン(英語版)(1330年 – 1352年)
    第4代ケント女伯爵ジョーン(1327年 – 1385年)
    初代ケント伯爵トマス・ホランド(1314年頃 – 1360年) - 妻の権利により第5期の爵位も所有
    第2代ケント伯爵トマス・ホランド(英語版)(1350年 – 1397年) - 1385年、母より第5期の爵位を継承
    初代サリー公爵・第3代ケント伯爵トマス・ホランド(1372年 – 1400年)
    第4代ケント伯爵エドマンド・ホランド(英語版)(1384年 – 1408年)
    初代ケント伯爵エドマンド・グレイ(英語版)(1416年 – 1490年)
    第2代ケント伯爵ジョージ・グレイ(英語版)(1454年 – 1505年)
    第3代ケント伯爵リチャード・グレイ(英語版)(1481年 – 1524年)
    第4代ケント伯爵ヘンリー・グレイ(英語版)(1495年頃 – 1562年)
  10. Biomimetică - Wikipedia

    ro.wikipedia.org › wiki › Biomimetică
    • Istorie
    • Aplicații
    • posibile viitoare Aplicații
    • A Se Vedea, de asemenea
    • Lectură Suplimentară
    • Legături Externe

    Unul dintre primele exemple de biomimesis a fost studiul păsărilor pentru a permite zborul uman. Deși nu a reușit să creeze o "mașină zburătoare", Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) a fost un fin observator al anatomiei și al zborului păsărilor, făcând numeroase note și schițe de "mașini zburătoare". Frații Wright, care au reușit primul zbor cu un aparat mai greu decât aerul în 1903, s-au inspirat din observarea de porumbeilor în zbor. Biomimetica a fost inventată de biofizicianul și poetul american Otto Schmitt în anii 1950. Aceasta s-a petrecut în timpul doctoratului său când a pus la punct declanșatorul Schmitt prin studierea nervilor la calmar, încercând să proiecteze un dispozitiv replică la sistemul biologic al propagării nervoase.El a continuat să se concentreze pe dispozitive care imită sistemele naturale și prin 1957 el a perceput o schimbare biofizica de la acel moment și va propune un nou domeniu - biomimetica. Un termen similar, bionica a fost inventat de Jack E. Steele în 19...

    Mineralizarea biomorfică este o tehnică care produce materiale cu morfologii și structuri asemănătoare celor ale organismelor vii, prin utilizarea de biostructuri ca șabloane pentru mineralizare. Comparativ cu alte metode de producție materială, mineralizarea biomorphică este facilă, inofensivă pentru mediu și economie.

    Biomimetica în principiu ar putea fi aplicată în multe domenii. Din cauza complexității sistemelor biologice, numărul de caracteristici care ar putea fi imitat este mare. Aplicațiile biomimetice sunt în diverse stadii de dezvoltare de tehnologii care ar putea deveni exploatabile comercial pentru prototipuri.

    Enzimă artificială
    Enzimă artificială#Nanozime
    Bioinspirația & Biomimetica
    Benyus, J. M. (2001). Along Came a Spider. Sierra, 86(4), 46-47.
    Hargroves, K. D. & Smith, M. H. (2006). Innovation inspired by nature Biomimicry. Ecos, (129), 27-28.
    Marshall, A. (2009). Wild Design: The Ecomimicry Project, North Atlantic Books: Berkeley.
    Passino, Kevin M. (2004). Biomimicry for Optimization, Control, and Automation. Springer.

    Laboratoare de cercetare

    1. Universitatea din California, Santa Barbara 2. Universitatea din Auckland 3. Universitatea din Bath 4. Biomimicry Institute 5. Agenția Spațială Europeană 6. Universitatea Harvard, Institutul Wyss 7. Universitatea Tehnologică Nanyang 8. MIT 9. Universitatea din Reading 10. Universitatea din California de Sud 11. Universitatea Stanford 12. Universitatea din Toronto 13. Universitatea Tufts 14. Virginia Tech 15. Universitatea din Washington 16. Biorobotics research group, Institute of Movement...

    Portaluri

    1. Ask Nature - Biomimicry Design Portal

    Videoclipuri

    1. Biomimetics MIT 2. Sex, Velcro and Biomimicry with Janine Benyus 3. Janine Benyus: Biomimicry in Action from TED 2009 4. Design by Nature - National Geographic 5. Michael Pawlyn: Using nature's genius in architecture from TED 2010 6. Robert Full shows how human engineers can learn from animals' tricks from TED 2002 7. The Fast Draw: Biomimicry from CBS News

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