The 13th century was the century which lasted from January 1, 1201 through December 31, 1300 in accordance with the Julian calendar.The term is almost synonymous with "the 1200s", the century between January 1, 1200, and December 31, 1299.
13th century. Huon of Bordeaux. Sagas of Icelanders (Íslendingasögur) Beatrice of Nazareth – Seven Ways of Holy Love, the earliest prose work in Dutch. Conrad of Saxony – Speculum Beatæ Mariæ Virginis. Śivadāsa – "The five and twenty tales of the genie" (version of the Baital Pachisi)
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- High scholasticism and its contemporaries
- Western religious orders
- Second Council of Lyon
- Serbian Church
The Eastern Roman imperial church headed by Constantinople continued to assert its universal authority. By the 13th century this assertion was becoming increasingly irrelevant as the Eastern Roman Empire shrank and the Ottoman Turks took over most of what was left of the Byzantine Empire. The other Eastern European churches in communion with Constantinople were not part of its empire and were increasingly acting independently, achieving autocephalous status and only nominally acknowledging Const
Scholasticism originally began to reconcile the philosophy of the ancient classical philosophers with medieval Christian theology. It is not a philosophy or theology in itself, but a tool and method for learning which puts emphasis on dialectical reasoning. The primary purpose of scholasticism was to find the answer to a question or resolve a contradiction. It is most well known in its application in medieval theology, but was eventually applied to classical philosophy and many other fields of s
The monastic orders, especially the Benedictines, Cistercians, and Premonstratensians, continued to have an important role in the Catholic Church throughout the 13th century. The Mendicant Orders, which focused on poverty, preaching and other forms of pastoral ministry, were founded at this time. The four Mendicant Orders recognized by the Second Council of Lyon are: 1. The Order of Preachers, founded in 1215 by St. Dominic de Guzman. 2. The Friars Minor, founded in 1209 by St. Francis of Assisi
The Fourth Crusade, authorized by Innocent III in 1202, intended to retake the Holy Land but was soon subverted by Venetians who used the forces to sack the Christian city of Zara. Eventually the crusaders arrived in Constantinople, but rather than proceed to the Holy Land the crusaders instead sacked Constantinople and other parts of Asia Minor effectively establishing the Latin Empire of Constantinople in Greece and Asia Minor. This was effectively the last crusade sponsored by the papacy; lat
The Second Council of Lyon was convoked to act on a pledge by Byzantine emperor Michael VIII to reunite the Eastern church with the West. Wishing to end the Great Schism that divided Rome and Constantinople, Gregory X had sent an embassy to Michael VIII Palaeologus, who had reconquered Constantinople, putting an end to the remnants of the Latin Empire in the East, and he asked Latin despots in the East to curb their ambitions. On June 29, 1274, Gregory X offered Mass in St John's Church, where b
In 1217, Stefan Nemanjić was proclaimed King of Serbia, and various questions of the church reorganization were opened. On 15 August 1219, during the feast of the Dormition of the Mother of God, archimandrite Sava was consecrated by Patriarch Manuel I of Constantinople in Nicaea as the first Archbishop of the autocephalous Serbian Church. The patriarch of Constantinople and his Synod thus appointed Sava as the first archbishop of "Serbian and coastal lands." In the same year, Archbishop ...
- Significant persons
- Sovereign states
The 13th century BC was the period from 1300 to 1201 BC. Millennium: 2nd millennium BC Centuries: 14th century BC 13th century BC 12th century BC Timelines: 14th century BC 13th century BC 12th century BC State leaders: 14th century BC 13th century BC 12th century BC Decades: 1290s BC 1280s BC 1270s BC 1260s BC 1250s BC 1240s BC 1230s BC 1220s BC 1210s BC 1200s BC Categories: Births – Deaths Establishments – Disestablishments Eastern Hemisphere in 1300 BC. Chinese ritual bronze wine...
Although many human societies were literate in this period, some individual persons mentioned in this article ought to be considered legendary rather than historical. 1. 1251 BC—A lunar eclipse might mark the birth of Hercules 2. c. 1225 BC—Birth of legendary Helen to King Tyndareus of Sparta and his wife Leda 3. 1212 BC—Death of Ramesses II of Egypt 4. Moses—A Hebrew prophet found in the Old Testament in the Bible called the Exodus. 5. Merneptah, Pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty ...
See: List of sovereign states in the 13th century BC.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to 13th-century births. ← People born in the 13th century → Subcategories. This category has the following 11 subcategories, out of 11 total.
- Princes of Wales
- Princesses of Wales
1201 1. Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd, takes Eifionydd and Llŷn from Maredudd ap Cynan on a charge of treachery. 2. July – Llywelyn makes a treaty with King John of England. 3. Valle Crucis Abbey founded by Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor. 1202 1. August – Llywelyn the Great attacks Gwenwynwyn ab Owainof Powys. 1203 1. 7 November – Geoffrey de Henlaw is consecrated as Bishop of St David's. 1204 1. King John of England suspects Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester, of colluding with the Welsh and has his estates temporarily confiscated. 1205 1. probable – Llywelyn the Great marries Joan, illegitimate daughter of King John of England. 1206 1. King John gives Skenfrith Castle, Grosmont Castle and White Castle to William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber. 2. Gerald of Walesmakes his fourth visit to Rome. 1208 1. March – For failing to intervene in the rebellion of William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber, Walter II de Clifford is deprived of his Marcher barony of Clifford by King John...
1203 1. date unknown – Eva Marshal, noblewoman (d. 1246) 1212 1. April – Dafydd ap Llywelyn(probable; died 1246) 1222 1. 4 August – Richard de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford(d. 1262) 1224 1. date unknown – Maud de Braose, Baroness Mortimer(d. 1301) 2. probable – William de Braose, 1st Baron Braose(d. 1291) 1231 1. date unknown – Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Mortimer(d. 1282) 1282 1. June – Gwenllian, only child of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd and Eleanor de Montfort(d. 1337) 2. 7 August – Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, daughter of King Edward I of England (d. 1316) 1287 1. 25 April – Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March(d. 1330) 1291 1. 25 July – Hawys Gadarn, heiress (d. c. 1353)
1201 1. 25 July – Gruffydd ap Rhys II, Prince of Deheubarth 1203 1. May – Dafydd ab Owain Gwynedd, deposed Prince of Gwynedd 1209 1. probable – Walter Map, writer 1211 1. 9 August – William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber 2. date unknown – Roger de Lacy, Constable of Chester 1212 1. date unknown 1.1. Maredudd ap Cynan ab Owain Gwynedd, Welsh prince 1.2. Robert of Shrewsbury, Bishop of Bangor 1214 1. 19 August – Roger Mortimer of Wigmore, Marcher lord 1215 1. 17 November – Giles de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny and Bishop of Hereford 1216 1. probable – Gwenwynwyn ab Owain, prince of Powys 1217 1. 14 October – Isabel, Countess of Gloucester, 43? 2. date unknown – Richard de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford, Marcher lord 1218 1. 12 November – Henry de Abergavenny, Bishop of Llandaff 1219 1. 14 May – William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke 1220 1. date unknown 1.1. Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford 1.2. Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke 1221 1. 17 January – Walter II de Clifford, March...
This is a list of state leaders in the 13th century AD, except for the many leaders within the Holy Roman Empire. Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 12th century 13th century 14th century Timelines: 12th century 13th century 14th century State leaders: 12th century 13th century 14th century Decades: 1200s 1210s 1220s 1230s 1240s 1250s 1260s 1270s 1280s 1290s Categories: Births – Deaths Establishments – Disestablishments
Chad 1. Kanem Empire – Salmama I, Mai Dunama Dabbalemi, Mai Kaday I, Mai Biri I, Mai Ibrahim I, Mai
Ethiopia Zagwe dynasty of Ethiopia – Gebre Mesqel Lalibela, Negus Na'akueto La'ab, Negus Yetbarak, Negus Mairari, Negus? Harbai, Negus?
Egypt Abbasid Caliphate, Cairo – from Baghdad al-Mustansir, Caliph al-Hakim I, Caliph
Incas 1. Kingdom of Cusco – Manco Cápac, Inca Sinchi Roca, Inca Lloque Yupanqui, Inca Mayta Cápac, Inca
China: Mongol Empire / Yuan dynasty Yuan dynasty – Temür, Khan / Emperor
Cambodia Khmer Empire – Jayavarman VII, King Indravarman II, King Jayavarman VIII, King Indravarman III, King
Afghanistan Ghurid dynasty – Ghiyath al-Din Muhammad, Malik Muhammad of Ghor, Malik Ghiyath al-Din Mahmud, Malik Baha al-Din Sam III, Malik Ala al-Din Atsiz, Malik Ala al-Din Ali, Malik
Bulgaria Second Bulgarian Empire – Kaloyan, Emperor Boril, Emperor Ivan Asen II, Emperor Kaliman I, Emperor Michael II, Emperor Kaliman Asen II, Emperor Mitso Asen, Emperor Konstantin Tih, Emperor Ivailo, Emperor Ivan Asen III, Emperor George Terter I, Emperor Smilets ...
Scotland Kingdom of Scotland/ Kingdom of Alba – 1. William I the Lion, King Alexander II, King Alexander III, King Margaret, Queen 2. Guardian of Scotland John, King
Hungary Kingdom of Hungary – Emeric, King Ladislaus III, King Andrew II, King Béla IV, King Stephen V, King Ladislaus IV, King Andrew III, King
Hawaii 1. Island of Hawaiʻi – Kaniuhu, supreme high chief Kanipahu, supreme high chief Kamaʻiole, usurper Kalapana of Hawaiʻi, supreme high chief Kahaʻimaoeleʻa, supreme high chief
At the beginning of the 13th century, there were reasonably accurate Latin translations of the main ancient Greek scientific works. From then on, these texts were studied and elaborated, leading to new insights into the phenomena of the universe. The influence of this revival is evident in the scientific work of Robert Grosseteste.