The last meaning, and decipher, dates from the 1520s in English, 1490s in French, 1470s in Italian. But in English cipher also continued to be used as a word for nought or zero until the 19th century. civet (mammal), civet (perfume)
Aug 17, 2017 · Wikipedia summarizes women’s fashion of the 1470s, writing: “Fashion in 15th-century Europe Was characterized by a series of extremes and extravagances, from the voluminous gowns called houppelandes with their sweeping floor-length sleeves to the revealing doublets and hose of Renaissance Italy.
A novel is a long, fictional narrative which describes intimate human experiences. The novel in the modern era usually makes use of a literary prose style.The development of the prose novel at this time was encouraged by innovations in printing, and the introduction of cheap paper in the 15th century.
Tapestry is a form of textile art, traditionally woven by hand on a loom.Tapestry is weft-faced weaving, in which all the warp threads are hidden in the completed work, unlike most woven textiles, where both the warp and the weft threads may be visible.
The book provided definitions for circumference, diameter, and radius, along with the definition of volume. The Han Dynasty (202 BC-220 AD) period of China witnessed a new flourishing of mathematics. One of the oldest Chinese mathematical texts to present geometric progressions was the Suàn shù shū of 186 BC, during the Western Han era.
English carrack was loaned in the late 14th century, via Old French caraque, from carraca, a term for a large, square-rigged sailing vessel used in Spanish, Italian and Middle Latin. These ships were called caravela or nau in Portuguese and Genoese , carabela or nao in Spanish , caraque or nef in French , and kraak in Dutch .
The Ōnin War (応仁の乱, Ōnin no Ran?) was a civil war that lasted 10 years (1467–1477) during the Muromachi period in Japan.  A dispute between Hosokawa Katsumoto and Yamana Sōzen escalated into a nationwide war involving the Ashikaga shogunate and a number of daimyo in many regions of Japan.
The Late Middle English period was a time of upheaval in England. After the deposition of Richard II of England in 1399, the House of Plantagenet split into the House of Lancaster and the House of York, whose antagonism culminated in the Wars of the Roses (1455–1487).
John Scolvus was a navigator of the late 15th century. It has been claimed he was among the early Europeans to reach the shores of the Americas prior to Columbus, arriving in 1476 as steersman of Didrik Pining, although this view is not supported by contemporary evidence,  and as he is not mentioned contemporaneously, his identity and even existence have been disputed.
The Pskov Republic had well-developed farming, fishing, blacksmithing, jeweler’s art, and construction industry.Exchange of commodities within the republic itself and its trade with Novgorod and other Russian cities, the Baltic region, and Western European cities made Pskov one of the biggest handicraft and trade centers of Rus.