Long Term Economic Growth – 1860–1965: A Statistical Compendium. Business Booms and Depressions since 1775, a chart of the past trend of price inflation, federal debt, business, national income, stocks and bond yields for the United States from 1775 to 1943. Budget of the United States Government.
The economic history of the United States began with British settlements along the Eastern seaboard in the 17th and 18th centuries. America after 1700 went up rapidly in population and imports, as well as exports, grew along with it. Africa, Asia, and most frequently Europe, contributed to the trade of the colonies. 
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- Historical Census Population
- Migration Within The United States
- Recent Demographic Trends
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1610–2020 population data. The census numbers do include Native Americansduring 1610 and then again after 1860.
Earlier colonial era
Nearly all non-Native American commercial activity was run in small privately owned businesses with good credit both at home and in England being essential since they were often cash poor. Most settlements were nearly independent of trade with Britain as most grew or made nearly everything they needed—the average cost of imports for most households was only about 5-15 English pounds per year. Most settlements were created by complete family groups with several generations often present. Proba...
All the colonies grew mostly by natural growth, with foreign born populations rarely exceeding 10%. The last significant colonies to be settled mainly by immigrants were Pennsylvania in the early 18th century and Georgia and the Borderlands in the late 18th century, as internal migration (not immigration) continued to provide nearly all the settlers for each new colony or state. This pattern would continue throughout U.S. history. The extent of colonial settlements by 1800 is shown by this ma...
Population in 1790
According to one source the following were the countries of origin for new arrivals coming to the United States before 1790. The regions marked * were part of Great Britain. The ancestry of the 3.9 million population in 1790 has been estimated from various sources by sampling last names in the 1790 census and assigning them a country of origin. The Irish in the 1790 census were mostly Scots Irish. The French were mostly Huguenots. The total U.S. Catholic population in 1790 is estimated at 40,...
The American West
In 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, concluding the Mexican War, extended U.S. citizenship to approximately 60,000 Mexican residents of the New Mexico Territory and 10,000 living in California. However, much like Texas, the Mexican government had encouraged immigration and settlement of these regions from groups in the United States and Europe. Approximately half of this population is estimated to have been of American origin. In 1849, the California Gold Rushspurred significant immigrat...
Rural flight is the departure of excess populations (usually young men and women) from farm areas. In some cases whole families left, as in the Dust Bowlin the 1930s. Much of rural America has seen steady population decline since 1920.
Black migration out of the South
The Great Migration was the movement of millions of African Americans out of the rural Southern United Statesfrom 1914 to 1960. Most moved to large industrial cities, as well as to many smaller industrial cities. African-Americans moved as individuals or small groups. There was no government assistance. They migrated because of a variety of push and pull factors:
Post-war baby boom
In the years after WWII, the United States, as well as a number of other industrialized countries, experienced an unexpected sudden birth rate jump. During WWII birthrates had been low, as millions of men had been away fighting in WWII and this had deterred women from starting families: women also had to take the place of men in the workplace, while simultaneously fulfilling their household duties. The millions of men coming back to the US after WWII, and the couples eager to start families,...
According to statistics, the United States currently has the highest marriage rate in the developed world, as of 2008, with a marriage rate of 7.1 per 1,000 people or 2,162,000 marriages. The average age for first marriage for men is 27.4 and 25.6 years for women.The United States also has one of the highest proportions of people who do marry by age 40; approximately 85% Americans are married at 40, compared to only 60% in Sweden. During the 1930s, the number of marriages and the marriage rat...
Population growth projections
The U.S. population in 1900 was 76 million. In 1950, it rose to 152 million; by 2000 it had reached 282 million. By 2050, it is expected to reach 422-458 million, depending on immigration.
Richard Easterlin, an economist who has researched economic growth in the United States, explains the growth pattern of the American population in the 20th century through fertility rate fluctuations and the decreasing mortality rate. Easterlin has attempted to explain the cause of the Baby Boom and Baby Bust through the "relative income" theory. T...
Between 1880 and 1900, the urban population of the United States rose from 28% to 40%, and reached 50% by 1920, in part due to 9,000,000 European immigrants. After 1890 the US rural population began to plummet, as farmers were displaced by mechanization and forced to migrate to urban factory jobs. After World War II, the US experienced a shift away...Richard E. Barrett, Donald J. Bogue, and Douglas L. Anderton. The Population of the United States3rd Edition (1997) compendium of dataSusan B. Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael R. Haines, and Alan L. Olmstead, eds. The Historical Statistics of the United States(Cambridge UP: 6 vol; 2006) vol 1 on population; available online...Chadwick Bruce A. and Tim B. Heaton, eds. Statistical Handbook on the American Family.(1992)Kennedy, Joseph C. G. Population of the United States in 1860 (1864) official returns of 8th census complete text onlineFogel, Robert W. "Nutrition and the decline in mortality since 1700: Some preliminary findings." in Stanley L. Engerman and Robert E. Gallman, eds. Long-term factors in American economic growth(U o...Hacker, J. David. "A census-based count of the Civil War Dead." Civil War History (2011) 57# pp: 307-348. OnlineHaines, Michael R. and Richard H. Steckel (eds.), A Population History of North America.Cambridge University Press, 2000, 752 pp. advanced scholarshipHawes Joseph M. and Elizabeth I. Nybakken, eds. American Families: a Research Guide and Historical Handbook.(Greenwood Press, 1991)
The 17th century lasted from January 1, 1601 (), to December 31, 1700 ().It falls into the early modern period of Europe and in that continent (whose impact on the world was increasing) was characterized by the Baroque cultural movement, the latter part of the Spanish Golden Age, the Dutch Golden Age, the French Grand Siècle dominated by Louis XIV, the Scientific Revolution, the world's first ...
The British economy had begun to grow rapidly at the end of the 17th century and, by the mid-18th century, small factories in Britain were producing much more than the nation could consume. Britain found a market for their goods in the British colonies of North America, increasing her exports to that region by 360% between 1740 and 1770.
The United States emerged as a world economic and military power after 1890. The main episode was the Spanish–American War, which began when Spain refused American demands to reform its oppressive policies in Cuba. The "splendid little war", as one official called it, involved a series of quick American victories on land and at sea.