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  1. Biography Author Matching "wikipedia" (Sorted by Name Ascending) 1. ''Knife'' Sotelo. Marvin Sotelo (born March 3, 1987), known professionally as "Knife" Sotelo or Knifer, is an American rapper, martial artist and author from Los Angeles, California. Sotelo is a devout LaVeyan Satanist and politically liberal.

  2. The film premiered at the Mon premier Festival on October 19, 2016, and it was released in France and the UK in December 2016. [14] [15] Numerous releases followed around the world. [16] Entertainment One Films Canada distributed the film in Canada, with the theatrical release beginning on February 24, 2017 in Quebec [17] and March 3, 2017 ...

    • Laurent Zeitoun, Yann Zenou, Nicolas Duval Adassovsky, André Rouleau, Valérie d'Auteuil
    • 19 October 2016 (Paris), 14 December 2016 (France), 24 February 2017 (Canada)
  3. Wikipedia:編集回数の多いページの一覧. このページでは、 ウィキペディア日本語版 で編集回数の多いページの一覧(1か月間の編集回数の順)を掲載しています。. このページの一覧は、 データベースダンプ [1] を元に コンピュータ の プログラム で生成して ...

  4. Language. English. Budget. $12.5 million (stage production) Hamilton is a 2020 American historical fiction musical drama film consisting of a live stage recording of the 2015 Broadway musical of the same name, which was inspired by the 2004 biography Alexander Hamilton by Ron Chernow.

    • $12.5 million (stage production)
    • July 3, 2020
    • Lin-Manuel Miranda
    • Thomas Kail, Lin-Manuel Miranda, Jeffrey Seller
    • Top Ten Grossing Films
    • Films
    • Awards

    The highest-grossing Filipino films released in 2016, by domestic box office gross revenue, are as follows:


    Color key


    The following first list shows the Best Picture winners at the four major film awards: FAMAS Awards, Gawad Urian Awards, Luna Awards and Star Awards; and at the three major film festivals: Metro Manila Film Festival, Cinemalaya and Cinema One Originals. The second list shows films with the most awards won from the four major film awards and a breakdown of their total number of awards per award ceremony.


    The following list shows Filipino films (released in 2016) which were nominated or won awards at international industry-based awards and FIAPF-accredited competitive film festivals.

  5. The 1940 movie with Errol Flynn and Ronald Reagan seems to be referencing Stringfellow's railroad project. If so, this should be featured under 'In Popular Culture'. Valetude ( talk ) 17:33, 12 November 2016 (UTC)

    • Background
    • Path to The Ballot
    • Text
    • Campaign
    • Referendum Results
    • Aftermath
    • Analysis
    • External Links

    Intensive animal confinement in the U.S.

    Modern animal agriculture in the United States is dominated by indoor-housing systems in which animals are kept at very high densities, in order to maximize economic profit. These systems decrease land use requirements and increase feeding efficiency, but they restrict animals' movement, prevent animals from engaging in natural behaviors, and can lead to production-related diseases. Three such systems have been the focus of most regulatory debate: battery cages for egg-laying hens, gestation...

    Previous farm animal protection regulations

    No federal legislation protects the welfare of U.S. farm animals except during transportation and slaughter, and poultryare excluded from the latter regulations. This lack of regulation has sometimes been attributed to the influence of agricultural interest groups at the federal level. Between 2011 and 2013, the animal protection group Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) and the industry group United Egg Producers (UEP) jointly lobbied for compromise legislation that would have phased...

    Supporters of the initiative, led by the HSUS, formed a committee to support it on August 28, 2015. The text of the proposed question was submitted to the office of Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healeyfor certification that it complied with the state's constitutional requirements, and received approval on September 2, 2015. Supporters then had to gather 64,750 registered Massachusetts voters' signatures in order to present the proposal to the state legislature. They collected over 130,000 signatures, saying in a press release that they did so without paid assistance; the office of Secretary of State William F. Galvin certified 95,817 of them, more than for any other initiative that year, and sent the bill to the Massachusetts General Court as H. 3930 on December 18, 2015. The legislature held a hearing in February 2016, at which free-range farmers, veterinarians, and animal protection advocates spoke in favor of the initiative, while representatives of egg and pork producers...

    The initiative's language was very similar to that of California's Proposition 2. It built on this law's framework by adding more details about each species' required space allotment, including in cage-free systems, and by including an explicit enforcement mechanism: private citizens would be able to file complaints with the attorney general's office, which would be able to issue fines to violators.It also went further than California's laws in prohibiting the sale of intensively confined pork and veal products in addition to eggs, making it the broadest anti-confinement regulation in the country at the time of the campaign. The text of the ballot question was as follows: The ballot question was accompanied by the following explanatory text: The full text of the law was later entered in the Massachusetts Session lawsof 2016 as Chapter 333, "An Act to Prevent Cruelty to Farm Animals".

    Supporters and opponents

    Question 3 was supported throughout the campaign by a dedicated ballot question committee, Citizens for Farm Animal Protection, which was incorporated in August 2015. Its campaign was directed by Stephanie Harris, the Massachusetts director of the Humane Society, and headquartered at an office provided by the animal charity and hospital MSPCA-Angell. Question 3 was endorsed by stakeholders who had already committed to not using intensive confinement, including over one hundred Massachusetts f...


    The state of Massachusetts only contained one farm whose practices fell under the scope of the initiative. As a result, the campaign focused largely on the price, quality, and ethical status of animal products imported from outside the state. Although both sides agreed the initiative would increase the price of covered animal products, a primary focus of public debate was how much it would do so. Opponents warned that eggs and meat would become "luxury items," and cited analyses of California...


    Question 3 consistently received higher support than the other ballot measures in opinion polls. Some polls indicated that support for Question 3 was higher among voters younger than 35, women,and people earning $40,000 or less per year.

    On November 8, 2016, Question 3 was passed overwhelmingly by Massachusetts voters. The initiative was supported by 2,530,143 (77.6%) of the 3,258,797 votes cast on the issue, with 120,004 blanks. It had majority support in all but 3 of Massachusetts' 351 towns. Question 3 was the first ballot measure to ban the sale of animal products raised under certain conditions,and won the largest majority of any animal protection ballot measure in U.S. history. An analysis published in the Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics analyzed town-level votes on Question 3 along with U.S. Census data. The analysis found that, after controlling for demographic factors, support for the referendum correlated positively with a town's support for Democratic Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton and with the town's average income, and correlated negatively with the proportion of a town's residents employed in agriculture.Extrapolating their analysis from this referendum and California's 2008 Prop...

    Representatives of Citizens for Farm Animal Protection described the vote as a "historic advancement for animal welfare," and said it showed the strength of the American public's desire to reduce farm animals' suffering.Diane Sullivan, of Citizens Against Food Tax Injustice, said the measure would cause food prices to skyrocket, and said "my work on this has just begun". In 2017, Republican Congressman Jim Sensenbrenner introduced federal legislation that could have nullified Question 3, forbidding states from setting conditions on how businesses outside the state produce goods. Sensenbrenner said that excessive regulation was interfering with economic growth. In 2018, Republican Congressman Steve King introduced an amendment to that year's Farm Billthat would have similarly forbidden states from imposing welfare restrictions on animal products imported and sold in the state, such as those of Question 3. Supporters of this amendment argued that such restrictions posed a threat to Am...

    Several legal scholars have argued that Massachusetts and California's laws pass the Pike test and are therefore constitutional. They point out that courts have ruled that states have a legitimate interest in preventing animal cruelty as their populations understand it, pointing to cases such as Hughes v. Oklahoma. Furthermore, since out-of-state producers are not obliged to sell to the states with stricter welfare regulations, the burden imposed by these regulations is comparatively minimal, as the Ninth and Seventh Circuits have found in cases upholding California and Chicago bans on the sale of foie gras produced by force-feeding geese. A separate Commerce Clause argument against Question 3 is that the law regulates economic activity outside of Massachusetts borders, making it unconstitutional according to the 1935 case Baldwin v. G.A.F. Seelig, Inc. However, U.S. courts have increasingly discarded the Baldwindoctrine as a relic of a less interconnected economy, especially when t...

    Silverfine, Hannah (2017). The Passage of the 2016 Ballot Question #3 in Massachusetts and Its Implications (M.Sc. in Environmental Science & Policy). International Development, Community and Envir...
    "Official 2016 Massachusetts Voter Information Packet" (PDF) (Contains a summary of, official brief arguments in favor and against, and the full text of the initiative). Massachusetts Secretary of...
    "James H. Dunn & another vs. Attorney General & others" (PDF) (Court decision affirming the certification of this initiative). Massachusetts Attorney General. Archived (PDF) from the original on 20...
    "List of 2015-2016 Initiative Petitions Filed". Massachusetts Attorney General. Archived from the original on 2016-07-30. Retrieved 2016-08-01.
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