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  1. › wiki › 1888_in_film1888 in film - Wikipedia

    Believed to be the world's earliest surviving motion-picture film. Roundhay Garden Scene, Accordion Player and Traffic Crossing Leeds Bridge, filmed by Louis Aimé Augustin Le Prince in Leeds, United Kingdom, using paper "stripping" film and paper negative film. Horse and Rider Jumping Over An Obstacle (Pferd und Reiter Springen über ein ...

  2. › wiki › 1888_(film)1888 (film) - Wikipedia

    1888. (film) 1888 is a 2018 Indian thriller film shot using Guerrilla filmmaking technique. It's a micro-budget, independent Kannada film with Demonetization as the backdrop. About 50% of the film is shot inside a car. Neethu Shetty a well known Kannada actress plays an important character along with Prathap Kumar, Manju Raj and Vikram Kumar.

    • ₹30 lakh (US$42,000)
    • Girish Hothur
    • Sourabh Shukla
    • Neethu, Manju Raj, Prathap Kumar, Vikram Kumar, Adhvithi Shetty
  3. › wiki › AD_18881888 - Wikipedia

    • Events
    • Births
    • Deaths
    • Further Reading and Year Books


    1. January 3 – The 91-centimeter telescope at Lick Observatoryin California is first used. 2. January 12 – The Schoolhouse Blizzard hits Dakota Territory, the states of Montana, Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas, and Texas, leaving 235 dead, many of them children on their way home from school. 3. January 13 – The National Geographic Society is founded in Washington, D.C. 4. January 21 – The Amateur Athletic Union is founded by William Buckingham Curtisin the United States. 5. January 26 – The Lawn...


    1. April 3 1.1. London prostitute Emma Elizabeth Smith is brutally attacked by two or three men, dying of her injuries the following day, first of the Whitechapel murders, but probably not a victim of Jack the Ripper. 1.2. The Brighton Beach Hotel in Coney Island (New York) is moved 520 ft (160 m), using six steam locomotives, by civil engineerB. C. Miller, to save it from ocean storms. 2. April 6 – The first New Year's Day is observed, of the solar calendar adopted by Siamese King Chulalongk...


    1. July 2–27 – London matchgirls strike of 1888: About 200 workers, mainly teenaged girls, strike following the dismissal of three colleagues from the Bryant and May match factory, precipitated by an article on their working conditions published on June 23 by campaigning journalist Annie Besant, and the workers unionise on July 27. 2. July 15 – According to Japanese government official confirmed report, A large scale of erupt and ash smoke hit around Mount Bandai area, Fukushima Prefecture, J...


    1. January 1 – Victor Goldschmidt, Swiss geochemist (d. 1947) 2. January 8 – Matt Moore, Irish-born actor (d. 1960) 3. January 16 – Robert Henry English, American admiral (d. 1943) 4. January 18 – Thomas Sopwith, English aviation pioneer, yachtsman (d. 1989) 5. January 19 – Millard Harmon, American general (d. 1945) 6. c. January 20 – Huddie William Ledbetter (Lead Belly), American folk, blues singer (d. 1949) 7. January 22 – Carlos Quintanilla , 37th President of Bolivia (d. 1964) 8. January...


    1. March 1 – Ewart Astill, English cricketer (Leicestershire) (d. 1948) 2. March 4 – Knute Rockne, American football player, coach (d. 1931) 3. March 7 3.1. William L. Laurence, American journalist (d. 1977) 3.2. Claude Roger-Marx, French writer (d. 1977) 4. March 10 4.1. Barry Fitzgerald, Irish actor (d. 1961) 4.2. Ilo Wallace, Second Lady of the United States (d. 1981) 5. March 16 – Anton Köllisch, German chemist noted for synthesising MDMA (d. 1916) 6. March 17 – Paul Ramadier, Prime Minis...


    1. May 8 – Maurice Boyau, French World War I fighter ace (d. 1918) 2. May 9 – Francesco Baracca, Italian World War I fighter ace (d. 1918) 3. May 10 – Max Steiner, Austrian-American composer (d. 1971) 4. May 11 4.1. Irving Berlin, American composer (d. 1989) 4.2. Willis Augustus Lee, American admiral (d. 1945) 5. May 13 – Inge Lehmann, Danish seismologist, geophysicist (d. 1993) 6. May 17 – Tich Freeman, English cricketer (d. 1965) 7. May 18 – William Hood Simpson, American general (d. 1980)...


    1. January 19 – Anton de Bary, German biologist (b. 1831) 2. January 20 – William Pitt Ballinger, Texas lawyer, southern statesman (b. 1825) 3. January 29 – Edward Lear, British artist, writer (b. 1812) 4. January 31 – John Bosco, Italian priest, youth worker, educator and founder of the Salesian Society (b. 1815) 5. February 3 – Sir Henry Maine, British jurist (b. 1822) 6. February 5 – Anton Mauve, Dutch painter (b. 1838) 7. February 22 – Anna Kingsford, British women's rights activist (b. 1...


    1. July 1 – Maiden of Ludmir, Jewish religious leader (b. 1805) 2. July 4 – Theodor Storm, German writer (b. 1817) 3. July 9 – Jan Brand, 4th president of the Orange Free State (b. 1823) 4. July 20 – Paul Langerhans, German pathologist, biologist (b. 1847) 5. August 5 – Philip Sheridan, American general (b. 1831) 6. August 7 – Martha Tabram, possible first victim of Jack the Ripper (b. 1849) 7. August 9 – Charles Cros, French poet (b. 1831) 8. August 16 – John Pemberton, American founder of C...

    Date unknown

    1. Caroline Howard Gilman, American author (b. 1794)

    1888 Annual Cyclopedia (1889)highly detailed coverage of "Political, Military, and Ecclesiastical Affairs; Public Documents; Biography, Statistics, Commerce, Finance, Literature, Science, Agricultu...

  4. Category:1888 in film. Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1888 in film. This category is for film events and films originally released in the year 1888. Individual films appear in the subcategory Category:1888 films. The main article for this category is 1888 in film.

  5. Category:1888 in film. Deutsch: Ereignisse des Kinojahres 1888. English: Events in cinema in the year 1888. Français : Le cinéma en l’an 1888. Українська: Події в кіно у 1888 році.

  6. Dec 31, 2014 · Roundhay_Garden_Scene. Shot on October 14, 1888 by French inventor Louis Le Prince, the Roundhay Garden Scene is believed to be the first film ever made, or at least the oldest one in existence. The Film features Louis' eldest son Adolphe Le Prince, Sarah Robinson Whitley, Joseph Whitley and Harriet Hartley walking around in the garden.

  7. › wiki › FilmFilm - Wikipedia

    • History
    • Film Theory
    • Industry
    • Associated Fields
    • Terminology
    • Education and Propaganda
    • Production
    • Distribution
    • Animation
    • See Also


    The art of film has drawn on several earlier traditions in fields such as oral storytelling, literature, theatre and visual arts. Forms of art and entertainmentthat had already featured moving and/or projected images include: 1. shadowgraphy, probably used since prehistoric times 2. camera obscura, a natural phenomenon that has possibly been used as an artistic aid since prehistoric times 3. shadow puppetry, possibly originated around 200 BCE in Central Asia, India, Indonesia or China 4. The...

    Before celluloid

    The stroboscopic animation principle was introduced in 1833 with the phénakisticope and also applied in the zoetrope since 1866, the flip book since 1868, and the praxinoscopesince 1877, before it became the basic principle for cinematography. Experiments with early phenakisticope-based animation projectors were made at least as early as 1843. Jules Duboscqmarketed phénakisticope projection systems in France between 1853 and the 1890s. Photography was introduced in 1839, but at first photogra...

    First motion pictures

    By the end of the 1880s, the introduction of lengths of celluloid photographic film and the invention of motion picture cameras, which could photograph an indefinitely long rapid sequence of images using only one lens, allowed several minutes of action to be captured and stored on a single compact reel of film. Some early films were made to be viewed by one person at a time through a "peep show" device such as the Kinetoscope and the mutoscope. Others were intended for a projector, mechanical...

    "Film theory" seeks to develop concise and systematic concepts that apply to the study of film as art. The concept of film as an art-form began in 1911 with Ricciotto Canudo's The Birth of the Sixth Art. Formalist film theory, led by Rudolf Arnheim, Béla Balázs, and Siegfried Kracauer, emphasized how film differed from reality and thus could be considered a valid fine art. André Bazin reacted against this theory by arguing that film's artistic essence lay in its ability to mechanically reproduce reality, not in its differences from reality, and this gave rise to realist theory. More recent analysis spurred by Jacques Lacan's psychoanalysis and Ferdinand de Saussure's semiotics among other things has given rise to psychoanalytic film theory, structuralist film theory, feminist film theory, and others. On the other hand, critics from the analytical philosophy tradition, influenced by Wittgenstein, try to clarify misconceptions used in theoretical studies and produce analysis of a film...

    The making and showing of motion pictures became a source of profit almost as soon as the process was invented. Upon seeing how successful their new invention, and its product, was in their native France, the Lumières quickly set about touring the Continent to exhibit the first films privately to royalty and publicly to the masses. In each country, they would normally add new, local scenes to their catalogue and, quickly enough, found local entrepreneurs in the various countries of Europe to buy their equipment and photograph, export, import, and screen additional product commercially. The Oberammergau Passion Play of 1898[citation needed] was the first commercial motion picture ever produced. Other pictures soon followed, and motion pictures became a separate industry that overshadowed the vaudeville world. Dedicated theaters and companies formed specifically to produce and distribute films, while motion picture actors became major celebrities and commanded huge fees for their perf...

    Derivative academic fields of study may both interact with and develop independently of filmmaking, as in film theory and analysis. Fields of academic study have been created that are derivative or dependent on the existence of film, such as film criticism, film history, divisions of film propaganda in authoritarian governments, or psychological on subliminal effects (e.g., of a flashing soda can during a screening). These fields may further create derivative fields, such as a movie review section in a newspaper or a television guide. Sub-industries can spin off from film, such as popcorn makers, and film-related toys (e.g., Star Wars figures). Sub-industries of pre-existing industries may deal specifically with film, such as product placement and other advertisingwithin films.

    The terminology used for describing motion pictures varies considerably between British and American English. In British usage, the name of the medium is "film". The word "movie" is understood but seldom used. Additionally, "the pictures" (plural) is used semi-frequently to refer to the place where movies are exhibited, while in American English this may be called "the movies", but it is becoming outdated. In other countries, the place where movies are exhibited may be called a cinema or movie theatre. By contrast, in the United States, "movie" is the predominant form. Although the words "film" and "movie" are sometimes used interchangeably, "film" is more often used when considering artistic, theoretical, or technical aspects. The term "movies" more often refers to entertainment or commercial aspects, as where to go for fun evening on a date. For example, a book titled "How to Understand a Film" would probably be about the aesthetics or theory of film, while a book entitled "Let's...

    Film is used for a range of goals, including education and propaganda. When the purpose is primarily educational, a film is called an "educational film". Examples are recordings of academic lectures and experiments, or a film based on a classic novel. Film may be propaganda, in whole or in part, such as the films made by Leni Riefenstahl in Nazi Germany, US war film trailers during World War II, or artistic films made under Stalin by Sergei Eisenstein. They may also be works of political protest, as in the films of Andrzej Wajda, or more subtly, the films of Andrei Tarkovsky. The same film may be considered educational by some, and propaganda by others as the categorization of a film can be subjective.

    At its core, the means to produce a film depend on the content the filmmaker wishes to show, and the apparatus for displaying it: the zoetrope merely requires a series of images on a strip of paper. Film production can, therefore, take as little as one person with a camera (or even without a camera, as in Stan Brakhage's 1963 film Mothlight), or thousands of actors, extras, and crew members for a live-action, feature-length epic. The necessary steps for almost any film can be boiled down to conception, planning, execution, revision, and distribution. The more involved the production, the more significant each of the steps becomes. In a typical production cycle of a Hollywood-style film, these main stages are defined as development, pre-production, production, post-production and distribution. This production cycle usually takes three years. The first year is taken up with development. The second year comprises preproduction and production. The third year, post-production and distrib...

    Film distribution is the process through which a film is made available for viewing by an audience. This is normally the task of a professional film distributor, who would determine the marketing strategy of the film, the media by which a film is to be exhibited or made available for viewing, and may set the release date and other matters. The film may be exhibited directly to the public either through a movie theater (historically the main way films were distributed) or television for personal home viewing (including on DVD-Video or Blu-ray Disc, video-on-demand, online downloading, television programs through broadcast syndication etc.). Other ways of distributing a film include rental or personal purchase of the film in a variety of media and formats, such as VHS tape or DVD, or Internet downloading or streamingusing a computer.

    Animation is a technique in which each frame of a film is produced individually, whether generated as a computer graphic, or by photographing a drawn image, or by repeatedly making small changes to a model unit (see claymation and stop motion), and then photographing the result with a special animation camera. When the frames are strung together and the resulting film is viewed at a speed of 16 or more frames per second, there is an illusion of continuous movement (due to the phi phenomenon). Generating such a film is very labor-intensive and tedious, though the development of computer animation has greatly sped up the process. Because animation is very time-consuming and often very expensive to produce, the majority of animation for TV and films comes from professional animation studios. However, the field of independent animationhas existed at least since the 1950s, with animation being produced by independent studios (and sometimes by a single person). Several independent animati...

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