Nov 10, 2020 · 1913 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1913th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 913th year of the 2nd millennium, the 13th year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1913, the ...
Nov 15, 2020 · August 8 – Joseph F. Johnston, U.S. Senator from Alabama from 1907 to 1913 (born 1843) August 12 – U. M. Rose, Arkansas lawyer (born 1834) September 3 – John Martin, U.S. Senator from Kansas from 1893 to 1895 (born 1833) October 16 – Ralph Rose, field athlete (born 1885)
Nov 10, 2020 · 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and a common year starting on a Tuesday in the 13-day slower Julian calendar.It was the 913th year of the 2nd Millennium, 13th year of the 20th Century and the 4th year of the 1910s decade.
Nov 14, 2020 · 1913 was a particularly fruitful year for film as an art form, and is often cited one of the years in the decade which contributed to the medium the most, along with 1917.
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3 days ago · January 1, 1913 (Wednesday) The "Six Powers" (the United States, United Kingdom, France, Russia, Germany and Japan) agreed to a $125,000,000 loan to China at 6 percent interest. The Council of the Russian Empire adopted a law freeing the last of the Russian serfs. In 1861, the Caucasus had been exempt from the emancipation of serfs there.
- Immediate pretext
- Question of popularity
The 1913 Ottoman coup d'état, also known as the Raid on the Sublime Porte, was a coup d'état carried out in the Ottoman Empire by a number of Committee of Union and Progress members led by Ismail Enver Bey and Muhammad Talaat Bey, in which the group made a surprise raid on the central Ottoman government buildings, the Sublime Porte. During the coup, the army chief of staff, Nazım Pasha was assassinated and the Grand Vizier, Kâmil Pasha, was forced to resign. After the coup, the...
While the inner circle of the CUP may already have decided earlier to stage a coup to regain power from the Freedom and Accord Party, the proximate occasion was the CUP's fear that the government would concede to a demand by the Great Powers that the town of Adrianople should be handed over to Bulgaria after the disastrous results of the First Balkan War for the Ottoman Empire.
In the 1908 elections, the Committee of Union and Progress had only managed to win about 60 of the 288 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, the popularly elected lower house of the General Assembly. Nevertheless, it was the largest party in the Chamber. The Freedom and Accord Party
After Mehmed Said Pasha's resignation, a new, non-partisan cabinet was formed by Ahmed Muhtar Pasha, an old military hero, which was known as the "Great Cabinet" because it included three former Grand Viziers as ministers and sometimes as the "Father-Son Cabinet" because it inclu
Although the foreign crisis in the Balkans put a temporary halt to domestic politics, it did not stop them. Unlike his predecessor Ahmed Muhtar Pasha, who had been non-partisan, Kâmil Pasha was a passionate Freedom and Accord Party member and was determined to use his ...
On 23 January 1913, at 14:30, Lieutenant Colonel Enver Bey, one of the top leaders of the Committee of Union and Progress, was notified by a CUP member named Sapancalı Hakkı that everything was prepared for the raid as he waited in the military supply-station inspectorate ...
Enver Bey, along with confederates Talaat Bey, Sapancalı Hakkı, Yakub Cemil, Mustafa Necip, and about 50 others, entered the Sublime Porte compound of government buildings and made their way into the Grand Vizier's building, in which Kâmil Pasha and his cabinet were in ...
Hearing the gunshots, Minister of War Nazım Pasha stepped out of his room and rushed towards the raid party. According to the memoirs of future Turkish President and Prime Minister Celâl Bayar, Nazım Pasha angrily shouted at the men, "What is going on? You came to raid ...
After the coup, Enver Bey told a local Turkish correspondent for the French magazine L'Illustration: "I sincerely regret having been forced to intervene again to overthrow a government, but it was impossible to wait; a delay of a few hours, and the country would have been shamefu
The coup essentially established the domination of the Ottoman Empire by a so-called dictatorial triumvirate known as the "Three Pashas": the soon-to-be war minister, Enver Pasha, the soon-to-be interior minister, Talaat Pasha, and the soon-to-be naval minister, Djemal Pasha. The
The public support for the coup was questioned at the time by analysts, some of whom reported that the CUP was backed by only a small crowd of actual citizens who had been gathered only within the hour by provocative speeches made by CUP members. Eyewitnesses and newspapers reported very little actual popular participation in the coup or the events surrounding it. Reporter Georges Rémond said: This revolution is profoundly popular? I doubt it, and the lean applause of the crowd at the ...
2 days ago · 1913. Indes 2013 Heft 02. Franz Walter (Hrsg.), Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2013, ISBN 978-3-525-80003-4. Das Jahr 1913. Aufbrüche und Krisenwahrnehmungen am Vorabend des Ersten Weltkriegs, hg. von Dieter Schott [u. a.]. Transcript, Bielefeld 2014, ISBN 978-3-8376-2787-9. Florian Illies: 1913. Der Sommer des Jahrhunderts. S.
- 1361/62 (Jahreswechsel Juli)
- 69/70 (20./21. März)
- 1905/06 (10./11. September)
5 days ago · 1913 en otros calendarios; Calendario gregoriano: 1913 MCMXIII: Ab urbe condita: 2666 Calendario armenio: 1362 Calendario chino: 4609-4610 Calendario hebreo: 5673-5674 Calendarios hindúes • Vikram Samvat • Shaka Samvat • Kali Yuga: 1968-1969 1835-1836 5014-5015 Calendario persa: 1291-1292 Calendario musulmán: 1331-1332 Calendario ...
3 days ago · Parma Calcio 1913, commonly referred to as Parma, is an Italian football club based in Parma, Emilia-Romagna.It currently plays in Serie A.. Founded as Parma Football Club in December 1913, the club plays its home matches in the 27,906-seat Stadio Ennio Tardini, often referred to as simply Il Tardini, from 1923.