An origin myth is a myth that purports to describe the origin of some feature of the natural or social world. One type of origin myth is the cosmogonic myth, which describes the creation of the world. However, many cultures have stories set after the cosmogonic myth, which describe the origin of natural phenomena and human institutions within a ...
- Basic Type
- in Mythopoeia
Creation from chaos
1. Enûma Eliš (Babyloniancreation myth) 2. Genesis creation myth (Judaism, Christianity and Islam) 3. Greek cosmogonical myth 4. Jamshid 5. Korean creation narratives 6. Kumulipo 7. Leviathan (Book of Job38–41 creation myth) 8. Mandé creation myth 9. Pangu 10. Raven in Creation 11. Serer creation myth 12. Sumerian creation myth 13. Tungusic creation myth 14. Unkulunkulu 15. Väinämöinen 16. Viracocha
1. Ainu creation myth 2. Cherokee creation myth 3. Iroquois creation myth 4. Väinämöinen 5. Yoruba creation myth 6. Ob-Ugric creation myth
1. Hopi creation myth 2. Maya creation of the world myth 3. Diné Bahaneʼ (Navajo) 4. Zuni creation myth
1. Ancient Egyptian creation myths 2. Fon creation myth 3. Kaang creation story(Bushmen) 4. Kintu myth(Bugandan) 5. Mandé creation myth 6. Mbombo(Kuba, Bakuba or Bushongo/Boshongo) 7. Ngai(Kamba, Kikuyu and Maasai ) 8. Serer creation myth(cosmogony of the Serer people of Senegal, the Gambia and Mauritania) 9. Unkulunkulu(Zulu) 10. Yoruba creation
1. Slavic creation myth 2. Theogony(Classical Greco-Roman) 3. Book of Invasions(Celtic) 4. Väinämöinen(Finnish) 5. Völuspá(Norse)
In mythopoeia, an artificial mythology created by writers of prose or other fiction, traditional mythological themes and archetypesare integrated into fiction. Some works of mythopoeia also feature creation myths: 1. Ainulindalë from Tolkien's The SilmarillionLeeming, David Adams; Leeming, Margaret Adams (1994). Encyclopedia of Creation Myths (2nd ed.). ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-87436-739-3.Leeming, David Adams; Leeming, Margaret Adams (2009). A Dictionary of Creation Myths (Oxford Reference Online ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-510275-8.
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- Mythologies by Region
- Mythologies by Religion
- Fictional Mythologies
1. Australian Aboriginal mythology 2. Melanesian mythology 2.1. Fijian mythology 2.2. Papuan mythology 3. Micronesian mythology 4. Polynesian mythology 4.1. Hawaiian mythology 4.2. Mangarevan mythology 4.3. Māori mythology 4.4. Rapa Nui mythology 4.5. Samoan mythology 4.6. Tahitian mythology
- Interpreting Myths
- History of The Academic Discipline
- Modern Mythology
- See Also
Definitions of myth vary to some extent among scholars, though Finnish folklorist Lauri Honkooffers a widely-cited definition: Scholars in other fields use the term myth in varied ways. In a broad sense, the word can refer to any traditional story, popular misconception or imaginaryentity. However, while myth and other folklore genres may overlap, myth is often thought to differ from genres such as legend and folktale in that neither are considered to be sacred narratives. Some kinds of folkt...
In present use, mythology usually refers to the collected myths of a group of people, but may also mean the study of such myths. For example, Greek mythology, Roman mythology, and Hittite mythologyall describe the body of myths retold among those cultures.
The compilation or description of myths is sometimes known as mythography, a term which can also be used of a scholarly anthology of myths (or, confusingly, of the study of myths generally). Key mythographers in the Classical tradition include: 1. Ovid(43 BCE–17/18 CE), whose tellings of myths have been profoundly influential; 2. Fabius Planciades Fulgentius, a Latin writer of the late-5th to early-6th centuries, whose Mythologies (Latin: Mitologiarum libri III) gathered and gave moralistic i...
The word myth comes from Ancient Greek μῦθος (mȳthos), meaning 'speech, narrative, fiction, myth, plot'. In Anglicisedform, this Greek word began to be used in English (and was likewise adapted into other European languages) in the early 19th century, in a much narrower sense, as a scholarly term for "[a] traditional story, especially one concerning the early history of a people or explaining a natural or social phenomenon, and typically involving supernatural beings or events." In turn, Ancient Greek μυθολογία (mythología, 'story,' 'lore,' 'legends,' or 'the telling of stories') combines the word mȳthos with the suffix -λογία (-logia, 'study') in order to mean 'romance, fiction, story-telling.' Accordingly, Plato used mythologíaas a general term for 'fiction' or 'story-telling' of any kind. The Greek term mythología was then borrowed into Late Latin, occurring in the title of Latin author Fulgentius' 5th-century Mythologiæ to denote what we now call classical mythology—i.e., Greco-...
Comparative mythology is a systematic comparison of myths from different cultures. It seeks to discover underlying themes that are common to the myths of multiple cultures. In some cases, comparative mythologists use the similarities between separate mythologies to argue that those mythologies have a common source. This source may inspire myths or provide a common "protomythology" that diverged into the mythologies of each culture.
A number of commentators have argued that myths function to form and shape society and social behaviour. Eliade argued that one of the foremost functions of myth is to establish models for behaviorand that myths may provide a religious experience. By telling or reenacting myths, members of traditional societies detach themselves from the present, returning to the mythical age, thereby coming closer to the divine. Honko asserted that, in some cases, a society reenacts a myth in an attempt to r...
One theory claims that myths are distorted accounts of historical events. According to this theory, storytellers repeatedly elaborate upon historical accounts until the figures in those accounts gain the status of gods. For example, the myth of the wind-god Aeolus may have evolved from a historical account of a king who taught his people to use sails and interpret the winds. Herodotus (fifth-century BCE) and Prodicus made claims of this kind. This theory is named euhemerism after mythologist...
Historically, important approaches to the study of mythology have included those of Vico, Schelling, Schiller, Jung, Freud, Lévy-Bruhl, Lévi-Strauss, Frye, the Soviet school, and the Myth and Ritual School.
Scholars in the field of cultural studies research how myth has worked itself into modern discourses. Mythological discourse can reach greater audiences than ever before via digital media. Various mythic elements appear in television, cinema and video games. Although myth was traditionally transmitted through the oral tradition on a small scale, the film industry has enabled filmmakers to transmit myths to large audiences via film. In Jungianpsychology myths are the expression of a culture or society’s goals, fears, ambitions and dreams. The basis of modern visual storytelling is rooted in the mythological tradition. Many contemporary films rely on ancient myths to construct narratives. The Walt Disney Company is well-known among cultural study scholars for "reinventing" traditional childhood myths. While many films are not as obvious as Disney fairy tales, the plots of many films are based on the rough structure of myths. Mythological archetypes, such as the cautionary tale regardi...Anderson, Albert A. (2004), "Mythos, Logos, and Telos: How to Regain the Love of Wisdom", in Anderson, Albert A.; Hicks, Steven V.; Witkowski, Lech (eds.), Mythos and Logos: How to Regain the Love...Apollodorus (1976). "Introduction". Gods and Heroes of the Greeks: The Library of Apollodorus. Translated by Simpson, Michael. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 978-0-87023-206-0.Armstrong, Karen (2010). A Short History of Myth (Myths series). Knopf Canada. ISBN 978-0-307-36729-7.Barthes, Roland (1972). Mythologies. Hill and Wang. ISBN 978-0-8090-7193-7.
English inventions and discoveries are objects, processes or techniques invented, innovated or discovered, partially or entirely, in England by a person from England (that is, someone born in England – including to non-English parents – or born abroad with at least one English parent and who had the majority of their education or career in England).
The 1930s saw the rise of Igbo unions in the cities of Lagos and Port Harcourt. Later, the Ibo Federal Union (renamed the Ibo State Union in 1948) emerged as an umbrella pan-ethnic organization. Headed by Nnamdi Azikiwe , it was closely associated with the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons , which he co-founded with Herbert Macaulay .
1 Ancient World: 315 BC–197 AD 2 Middle Ages: 400–1585. 3 Rise of the English Sea Dogs and Dutch Corsairs: 1560–1650. 4 Age of the Buccaneers: 1650–1690. 5 Golden Age of Piracy: 1690–1730. 6 Post Golden Age: pirates, privateers, smugglers, and river pirates: 1730–1885. 7 Renegades of the West Indies: 1820–1830.
This list outlines notable historical novels by the current geo-political boundaries of countries for the historical location in which most of the novel takes place. This list includes only the most notable novels within the genre, which have been included in Wikipedia.
This is a list of the largest known epidemics and pandemics caused by an infectious disease. Widespread non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer are not included. An epidemic is the rapid spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time.
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