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  1. 19th-century philosophy - Wikipedia › wiki › 19th-century_philosophy

    Apr 01, 2021 · (June 2020) In the 19th century, the philosophers of the 18th-century Enlightenment began to have a dramatic effect on subsequent developments in philosophy. In particular, the works of Immanuel Kant gave rise to a new generation of German philosophers and began to see wider recognition internationally.

  2. List of philosophers born in the 19th century - Wikipedia › wiki › List_of_philosophers_born

    Mar 26, 2021 · From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Philosophers born in the 19th century (and others important in the history of philosophy), listed alphabetically: For the history of philosophy in the 19th century, see 19th-century philosophy.

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  4. 19th century - Wikipedia › wiki › 19th_century

    Apr 06, 2021 · The 19th (nineteenth) century began on January 1, 1801 (), and ended on December 31, 1900 ().The 19th century was the ninth century of the 2nd millennium.. The 19th century saw much social change; slavery was abolished, and the First and Second Industrial Revolutions (which also overlap with the 18th and 20th centuries, respectively) led to massive urbanization and much higher levels of ...

  5. Age of Enlightenment - Wikipedia › wiki › 18th-century_philosophy

    Apr 05, 2021 · A variety of 19th-century movements, including liberalism and neoclassicism, trace their intellectual heritage to the Enlightenment. [5] In France, the central doctrines of the Enlightenment philosophers were individual liberty and religious tolerance , in opposition to an absolute monarchy and the fixed dogmas of the Church.

  6. Philosophy - Wikipedia › wiki › Philosophy

    Apr 01, 2021 · Philosophy of religion deals with questions that involve religion and religious ideas from a philosophically neutral perspective (as opposed to theology which begins from religious convictions). Traditionally, religious questions were not seen as a separate field from philosophy proper, the idea of a separate field only arose in the 19th century.

  7. 20th-century philosophy - Wikipedia › wiki › 20th-century_philosophy
    • Overview
    • Analytic philosophy
    • Continental philosophy

    20th-century philosophy saw the development of a number of new philosophical schools—including logical positivism, analytic philosophy, phenomenology, existentialism, and poststructuralism. In terms of the eras of philosophy, it is usually labelled as contemporary philosophy. As with other academic disciplines, philosophy increasingly became professionalized in the twentieth century, and a split emerged between philosophers who considered themselves part of either the "analytic" or...

    Analytic philosophy is a generic term for a style of philosophy that came to dominate English-speaking countries in the 20th century. In the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Scandinavia, Australia, and New Zealand, the overwhelming majority of university philosophy departments identify themselves as "analytic" departments.

    Continental philosophy, in contemporary usage, refers to a set of traditions of 19th and 20th century philosophy from mainland Europe. This sense of the term originated among English-speaking philosophers in the second half of the 20th century, who used it to refer to a range of thinkers and traditions outside the analytic movement. Continental philosophy includes the following movements: German idealism, phenomenology, existentialism, hermeneutics, structuralism, post-structuralism, French femi

  8. Doctor of Philosophy - Wikipedia › wiki › Doctor_of_Philosophy

    Apr 05, 2021 · The doctorate of philosophy developed in Germany as the terminal teacher's credential in the 17th century (circa 1652). There were no PhDs in Germany before the 1650s (when they gradually started replacing the MA as the highest academic degree; arguably, one of the earliest German PhD holders is Erhard Weigel (Dr. phil. hab., Leipzig, 1652).

  9. 17th-century philosophy - Wikipedia › wiki › 17th-century_philosophy

    Mar 28, 2021 · Thus, while philosophers still talked about – and even offered arguments for the existence of – a deity, this was done in the service of philosophical argument and thought. (In the Enlightenment , the "Age of Reason", 18th-century philosophy was to go still further, leaving theology and religion behind altogether.)

  10. Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ... › wiki › Jean-Jacques_Rousseau

    5 days ago · From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jean-Jacques Rousseau, (1712 – 2 July 1778) was a famous French-speaking philosopher. He was born in Geneva, Switzerland and always described himself as being Genevan.

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