The 1st millennium BC was the period of time between from the year 1000 BC to 1 BC (10th to 1st centuries BC; in astronomy: JD 1 356 182.5 – 1 721 425.5).It encompasses the Iron Age in the Old World and sees the transition from the Ancient Near East to classical antiquity.
The 2nd millennium BC spanned the years 2000 through 1001 BC. In the Ancient Near East, it marks the transition from the Middle to the Late Bronze Age.The Ancient Near Eastern cultures are well within the historical era: The first half of the millennium is dominated by the Middle Kingdom of Egypt and Babylonia.
The 4th century BC started the first day of 400 BC and ended the last day of 301 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era , epoch , or historical period . Map of the world in 323 BC (at the death of Alexander the Great )
1st millennium BC [[File:World in 500 BCE.png|thumb|400px|Overview map of the world in the mid 1st millennium BC, color-coded by cultural stage: ]] Wikipedia List of Bronze Age states
Ancient Near East (1200–550 BC) Bronze Age collapse (1200–1150 BC) Anatolia , Caucasus , Levant Europe Aegean (1190–700 BC) Italy (1100–700 BC) Balkans (1100 BC – 150 AD) Eastern Europe (900–650 BC) Central Europe (800–50 BC) Great Britain (800 BC – 100 AD) Northern Europe (500 BC – 800 AD) South Asia (1200–200 BC) East Asia (500 BC – 300 AD) Iron metallurgy in Africa ...
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The geographical area dwelt by ancient Iranian peoples was therefore vast (at the end of the 1st Millennium BC they dwelt in an area of several million square kilometers or miles thus roughly corresponding to half or slightly more than half of the geographical area that all Indo-European peoples dwelt in Eurasia).
At some point in the beginning of the 1st millennium BC, Aleppo became part of the Aramean state of Bit Agusi (which had its capital at Arpad). Bit Agusi along with Aleppo was conquered by the Assyrians In the 8th century BC and became part of the Neo-Assyrian Empire until the late 7th century BC,  before passing through the hands of the ...
Iza (Ukrainian: Іза}, Hebrew: איזה , German: Isa, Russian: Иза) is a village in the Khust Raion of Zakarpattia Oblast in western Ukraine.It is located between two mountain ranges, on the left bank of the river, 5 km from the Khust city center and railway station.
Numerous burials of the Bronze Age (beginning of the 1st millennium BC) prove that Mtskheta already was a significant settlement at that period. According to The Georgian Chronicles, Mtskheta was founded by Mtskhetos, the son of Kartlos, eponymous ancestor of the Georgians. The wall around the city was built by Nimrod's ancestor Ardam.