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  1. The 2003 Rugby World Cup was the fifth Rugby World Cup and was won by England. Originally planned to be co-hosted by Australia and New Zealand, all games were shifted to Australia following a contractual dispute over ground signage rights between the New Zealand Rugby Union and Rugby World Cup Limited.

    • 10 October – 22 November (44 days)
    • England
  2. the combination of the sport turning professional after 1995 and the increase in teams from sixteen to twenty led to a number of remarkably lopsided results in both the 1999 and 2003 tournaments, with two matches in each tournament resulting in teams scoring over 100 points; australia's 142–0 win over namibia in 2003 stands as the most lopsided

    • 1987
    • Rugby union
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    Why was the 2003 Rugby World Cup held in Australia?

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  4. The 2003 NRL season was the 96th season of professional rugby league football in Australia and the sixth run by the National Rugby League. Fifteen teams (14 from Australia and 1 from New Zealand) competed for the Telstra Premiership, with the top eight teams entering a play-off finals series to determine the grand finalists. Penrith Panthers

    • 5 October 2003
    • Luke Priddis, (PEN)
    • Forms
    • History
    • Global Status of Rugby Codes
    • Rules
    • Culture
    • Injuries
    • Rugby Ball
    • World Cups
    • Rugby Shirt
    • Rugby Betting

    Following the 1895 split in rugby football, the two forms rugby league and rugby uniondiffered in administration only. Soon the rules of rugby league were modified, resulting in two distinctly different forms of rugby. Rugby union would not become an openly professional sport until 100 years later. The Olympic form of rugby is known as Rugby Sevens...

    Antecedents of rugby

    Although rugby football was codified at Rugby School, many rugby playing countries had pre-existing football games similar to rugby. Forms of traditional football similar to rugby have been played throughout Europe and beyond. Many of these involved handling of the ball, and scrummaging formations. For example, New Zealand had Ki-o-rahi, Australia marn grook, Japan kemari, Georgia lelo burti, the Scottish Borders Jeddart Ba' and Cornwall Cornish hurling, Central Italy Calcio Fiorentino, South...

    Establishment of modern rugby

    In 1871, English clubs met to form the Rugby Football Union (RFU). In 1892, after charges of professionalism (compensation of team members) were made against some clubs for paying players for missing work, the Northern Rugby Football Union, usually called the Northern Union (NU), was formed.The existing rugby union authorities responded by issuing sanctions against the clubs, players, and officials involved in the new organization. After the schism, the separate clubs were named "rugby league...

    Rugby union is both a professional and amateur game, and is dominated by the first tier unions: New Zealand, Ireland, Wales, England, South Africa, Australia, Argentina, Scotland, Italy, France and Japan. Second and third tier unions include Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Fiji, Georgia, Germany, Hong Kong, Kenya, Namibia, the Netherlands, Portugal...

    Distinctive features common to both rugby codes include the oval balland throwing the ball forward is not allowed so that players can gain ground only by running with the ball or by kicking it. As the sport of rugby league moved further away from its union counterpart, rule changes were implemented with the aim of making a faster-paced and more try...

    Home countries

    In England, rugby union is widely regarded as an "establishment" sport, played mostly by members of the upper and middle classes. For example, many pupils at public schools and grammar schools play rugby union, although the game (which had a long history of being played at state schools until the 1980s) is becoming increasingly popular in comprehensive schools. Despite this stereotype, the game, particularly in the West Country is popular amongst all classes. In contrast, rugby league has tra...


    There is a strong tradition of rugby union in France, particularly in the Basque, Occitan and Catalan areas along the border with Spain. The game is very popular in South Africa, having been introduced by English-speaking settlers in the 19th century. British colonists also brought the game with them to Australia and New Zealand, where the game is widely played. It has spread since to much of Polynesia, having particularly strong followings in Fiji, Samoa, and Tonga. Rugby union continues to...

    About a quarter of rugby players are injured in each season. Being a high contact sport, rugby union has the highest announced rates of concussions and outside England also has the highest number of catastrophic injuries out of any team sport.Research finding that during match play, concussion was reported at a higher level, and during training at ...

    A rugby ball, originally called a quanco, is a diamond shape ball used for easier passing.Richard Lindon and Bernardo Solano started making balls for Rugby school out of hand stitched, four-panel, leather casings and pigs' bladders. The rugby ball's distinctive shape is supposedly due to the pig's bladder, although early balls were more plum-shaped...

    The Rugby League World Cup was the first World Cup of either of the Rugby codes and was first held in France in 1954, and as of 2013 occurs on a 4-year cycle. It is an international tournament that is organized by the Rugby League International Federation. The event is played in the league format and features the top 14 teams from around the world....

    Rugby shirts were formerly entirely made of cotton but are now made of a cotton and polyester mix. This material has the advantage of not absorbing as much water or mud as cotton alone.[citation needed]Owing to the more aggressive nature of the game, rugby clothing, in general, is designed to be much more robust and hardwearing than that worn for a...

    With the popularity of rugby over the years, many betting establishments have made it possible for viewers of the game to place wagers on games. The various types of wagers that can be placed on games vary, however, the main types of bets that can be placed are as follows: 1. Fixed-odds betting 2. Futures/Outright Bets 3. Prop Bets / Specials 4. Ov...

    • Storia
    • Qualificazioni
    • Inno
    • Bibliografia
    • Collegamenti Esterni

    I prodromi

    Fino alla fine degli '80, il calendario internazionale del rugby di alto livello era scandito principalmente dai tour, ovvero visite ufficiali di una nazionale in un altro paese. L'unico torneo a coinvolgere le nazionali più forti del panorama rugbstico mondiale è stato per oltre un secolo il Cinque Nazioni (Home Championship fino al 1910), che comunque vedeva la partecipazione solo delle maggiori cinque squadre europee. Esistevano altri tornei internazionali (come la Coppa FIRA), che, tuttav...

    Anni 1990

    La coppa del 1991 fu assegnata nominalmente alla Gran Bretagna; tuttavia, per una politica di accordo tra le federazioni, furono disputate partite anche in Irlanda ed in Francia. La formula del torneo rimase invariata, ma per la prima volta furono disputate le qualificazioni: ciò consentì di aumentare il numero di squadre iscritte al torneo a trentatré; dalle qualificazioni vennero esentate le squadre che avevano raggiunto i quarti di finale nella precedente edizione (in pratica, le prime due...

    Anni 2000

    La Coppa del Mondo 2003 fu assegnata congiuntamente all'Australia ed alla Nuova Zelanda; tuttavia, quest'ultimo paese fu estromesso dall'organizzazione a causa di dissapori tra la NZRUF e l'IRB legati sostanzialmente a questioni economiche sulla ripartizione degli introiti. Altro motivo di disaccordo fu la decisione della NZRFU di non sospendere il campionato nazionale per la durata della coppa, come invece era stato richiesto dall'IRB. Le squadre restarono sempre venti, ma suddivise in quatt...

    Nella prima edizione, nove paesi furono invitati a partecipare alla competizione dall'IRB in aggiunta ai sette membri allora effettivi del Board, già qualificati di diritto (il Sud Africa fu escluso per l'Apartheid). Dall'edizione 1991 alcune squadre devono sostenere i turni di qualificazione, le cui regole cambiano ad ogni edizione ed a seconda de...

    L'inno ufficiale della competizione è, dal 1991, il brano World in Union, scritto da Charlie Skarbek, la cui musica è tratta dal quarto movimento de I pianeti di Holst.

    Luciano Ravagnani e Pierluigi Fadda, Rugby. Storia del Rugby Mondiale dalle origini a oggi, 2ª ed., Milano, Vallardi, 2007 [1992], ISBN 88-87110-92-1.
    Gianluca Barca e Gian Franco Bellè (a cura di), La sesta nazione. Ottant'anni di storia della Federazione Italiana Rugby, Parma, Grafiche Step, 2008, ISBN 1-01-000003530-7.
    Fabrizio Zupo, Inseguendo il paradiso del rugby, Roma, Nutrimenti, 2007, ISBN 88-88389-85-7.
    Tony Collins, “The First Principle of Our Game”. The Rise and Fall of Amateurism: 1896-1995, in Greg Ryan (a cura di), The Changing Face of Rugby: The Union Game and Professionalism since 1995, Cam...
    (EN) Sito ufficiale, su
    (EN) Coppa del Mondo di rugby, su Enciclopedia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
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