e The 2020 Belarusian presidential election was held on Sunday, 9 August 2020. Early voting began on 4 August and ran until 8 August. Incumbent Alexander Lukashenko was reelected to the sixth term in office, with official results crediting him with 80% of the vote.
President of Nicaragua Daniel Ortega and Vice-President Rosario Murillo congratulated Lukashenko on his victory in the presidential election.  Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea Kim Jong Un , sent a message of greeting to Aleksandr Lukashenko, president of the Republic of Belarus on the occasion of the national day of Belarus.
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48 states, including Nebraska, all use FPTP for presidential general elections, while Alaska and Maine will begin use IRV in 2020 and 2022 elections, respectively. Party nominees chosen by delegates allocated in state primaries with varying methods by state and party.
This national electoral calendar for 2020 lists the national/ federal direct elections that were held in 2020 in all sovereign states and their dependent territories. By-elections are excluded, though national referendums are included.
The first presidential election of the Fifth Republic which elected Charles de Gaulle was the only presidential election where the winner was determined via an electoral college. The electoral college was replaced after the 1962 referendum , with direct elections by popular vote, using a Two-round system since 1965 .
The Electoral College decreases the advantage a political party or campaign might gain for encouraging voters to turn out, except in those swing states. If the presidential election were decided by a national popular vote, in contrast, campaigns and parties would have a strong incentive to work to increase turnout everywhere.
The 2020 United States presidential election was the 59th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 2020. The Democratic Party ticket of former vice president Joe Biden and incumbent U.S. senator from California Kamala Harris defeated the Republican Party ticket of incumbent president Donald Trump and vice president Mike Pence.
The count of the Electoral College ballots during a joint session of the 117th United States Congress, pursuant to the Electoral Count Act, on January 6–7, 2021, was the final step to confirm President-elect Joe Biden's victory in the 2020 presidential election over incumbent President Donald Trump.
Indirect elections. The following indirect elections of heads of state and the upper houses of bicameral legislatures are scheduled to take place through votes in elected lower houses, unicameral legislatures, or electoral colleges: 30 January and 6 February: Gabon, Senate Laos, President (February) Kosovo, President (February or March)