In June 2020, the Trump administration began deploying federal law enforcement forces to select cities in the United States in response to rioting and monument removals amid the George Floyd protests. Federal law enforcement elements were deployed under Operation Legend, Operation Diligent Valor, and the Protecting American Communities Task Force (PACT).
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Deployment of federal forces Main articles: 2020 deployment of federal forces in the United States and Protecting American Communities Task Force A U.S. Customs and Border Protection agent in a cloud of tear gas during violent protests in Portland, Oregon , July 25, 2020
Early on the morning of May 29, 2020, Jimenez and his three-person news crew were arrested by a group of Minnesota state police officers while reporting live on protests in response to the killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
- Force Structure in FY 2020
- The Future Size and Shape of The Army
- Balance of Regular and Guard/Reserve Forces
- Modernization – Current and Future
- Modernizing The Current Force
- Creating The Future Force: Futures Command and “Night Court”
Table 1: Army End Strength – Regular and Civilians Source: BCT data in Office of the Undersecretary of Defense (Comptroller), Defense Budget Overview: Fiscal Year 2020 Budget Request (Washington, DC: Department of Defense, March 2019), Appendix A, Table A-4, A-2, https://comptroller.defense.gov/Portals/45/Documents/ defbudget/fy2020/fy2020_Budget_Request_Overview_Book.pdf; End Strength data in Department of Defense, Army FY2020 Budget Overview (Washington, DC: March 2019), 6, https://www.asafm.army.mil/Portals/72/Documents/BudgetMaterial/2020/Roll%20Out/Overview%20 and%20Highlights/Army%20FY%202020%20Budget%20Overview.pdf. Table 2: Army End Strength – National Guard and Reserve Source: BCT data in Office of the Undersecretary of Defense (Comptroller), Defense Budget Overview: Fiscal Year 2020 Budget Request, Appendix A, Table A-4, A3; End Strength data in Army FY2020 Budget Overview, 6. Army plans for force expansion collapsed this year. The Army had fought hard against plans in the...
Three opposing dynamics pull the future size and shape of the Army. One is the guidance in the NDS to focus on great power conflicts with Russia and China. That implies a force equipped with advanced, and likely very expensive, technologies paid for, if necessary, by cuts to structure. Another is the day-to-day demand for forces to deploy to Afghanistan, Europe, and elsewhere. That implies a larger force that may not need the most advanced technologies. Finally, difficulties in recruiting and retention, as described earlier, may drive force size regardless of strategy. In his FY 2020 posture statement, General Milley noted how busy the Army is, “providing Combatant Commanders over 179,000 Soldiers in more than 140 countries, including 110,000 Soldiers deployed on a rotational basis.” Of these troops, Milley highlighted that 30,000 were in the Middle East and Afghanistan, 17,000 forward-deployed in South Korea, and 8,000 in Europe supporting the European Deterrence Initiative.4The Ar...
Bottom line up front: Although the active/reserve mix has frequently been a source of tension in the Army, those tensions have eased recently as a result of closer consultation arising from the 2016 commission, higher budgets that benefit both components, and the difficulty that both components have in recruiting and retaining additional soldiers. Tensions between regulars and reservists have existed since the beginning of the Republic. The two forces have different perspectives, histories, and cultures, so the resulting tensions are a challenge to be managed, not solved. This tension is particularly an issue for the Army because it has, by far, the largest reserve component, both in relative and absolute terms. For example, 52 percent of the total Army is in the reserve components, but only 35 percent of the total Air Force, 18 percent of the total Marine Corps, and 15 percent of the total Navy are in reserve components. Army reserve components are nearly twice the size of all the...
Looked at broadly, Army modernization is a “good news, good news, bad news” story: the good news is that the Army continues production of proven systems and has a well-modernized force as a result. More good news is that the Army shifted $31 billion over the FYDP period into higher-priority modernization programs. The bad news is that the Army is still several years away from having a new generation of systems in production to take it into the 2020s and beyond and set it up for combat against great power adversaries.
In the near term, the Army is sensibly plugging its most serious capability gaps by upgrading the major systems it has and producing these systems at relatively high rates. As CSIS acquisition experts Andrew Hunter and Rhys McCormick point out, focusing on capabilities through upgrades rather than developing major new systems avoids the technical, budgetary, and political risk of relying on a few costly, high-profile programs.12 Thus, the Army FY 2020 budget funds the latest versions of existing systems: the Abrams tank (M1A2C), the Bradley Fighting Vehicle (M2A4), the Stryker fighting vehicle (Double V-Hull, 30mm gun), the Paladin self-propelled howitzer (M109 PIM), the PATRIOT missile system (PAC-3 Missile Segment Enhancement), the UH-60 Blackhawk (M-model), the AH-64 Apache (E model), and the CH-47 Chinook (F-model). These programs run smoothly, produce equipment at known costs and on predictable schedules, and avoid acquisition scandals that in the past embarrassed the Army in f...
A long-standing concern about Army modernization is that there are no new systems coming online to replace the existing generation. This was the result of a “triple whammy”: a missed procurement cycle due to program failures, a focus on near-term systems for wartime operations, and modernization funding reductions in the postwar drawdown.14 The big news this year is that the senior Army leadership took a bold step toward rectifying this weakness by conducting “night court,” a process by which they reviewed every program to decide its continuing relevance and thereby identified resources for new programs. The decisions shifted $3.6 billion from lower- to higher-priority programs in the FY 2020 budget and $31 billion over the FYDP period.15 The process has received widespread acclaim in the national security community, although Congress has balked at a few of the cuts that the process made. To bring fresh thinking into the Army’s acquisition programs and to move programs forward more...
8:46 is a 2020 performance special by American comedian Dave Chappelle about violence against African-Americans. The special was released via YouTube on June 12, 2020. The performance is not a traditional stand-up comedy special, as it was recorded at a private outdoor venue due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Ohio and features long stretches without humor. Critical consensus has been positive for the comedy and the social commentary.
Sep 30, 2019 · Download the Report Part of U.S. Military Forces in FY 2020: The Struggle to Align Forces with Strategy CSIS Senior Adviser Mark Cancian annually produces a series of papers on U.S. military forces, including composition, new initiatives, long-term trends, and challenges. This first white paper in the series analyzes the strategy and budget context for building forces in FY 2020, criticisms of ...
The Federal Criminal Police Office was established in 1951, and Wiesbaden, in the State of Hesse, was designated as its seat. The German police in general is – by definition of the German constitution – organized at the level of the states of the federation (e.g. North Rhine-Westphalia Police, Bavarian State Police, Berlin Police).
Apr 03, 2020 · Months before the pandemic, U.S. commanders in Iraq, at the urging of Mr. Esper, had drawn up plans to cut American presence in the country to about 2,500 troops from more than 5,000 now.