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  1. History of film - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › History_of_film

    3 days ago · The beginnings of post-classical storytelling may be seen in 1940s and 1950s film noir films, in films such as Rebel Without a Cause (1955), and in Hitchcock's Psycho. 1971 marked the release of controversial films like Straw Dogs, A Clockwork Orange, The French Connection and Dirty Harry. This sparked heated controversy over the perceived escalation of violence in cinema.

  2. Batman (1989 film) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Batman_(1989_film)
    • Plot
    • Production
    • Themes
    • Marketing
    • Reception
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    As Gotham City approaches its bicentennial, Mayor Borg orders district attorney Harvey Dent and police Commissioner Gordon to make the city safer. Meanwhile, reporter Alexander Knox and photojournalist Vicki Vale investigate sightings of a masked vigilante called "Batman" who is targeting the city's criminals. Both attend a fundraiser hosted by billionaire industrialist Bruce Wayne, who is secretly Batman, having chosen this path after witnessing a mugger murdering his parents when he was a child. During the event, Bruce becomes infatuated with Vale, but interrupts their meeting to secretly pursue Gordon when he leaves on police business. Mob boss Carl Grissom, whom Dent and Gordon are targeting, sends his sociopathic second-in-command Jack Napier to raid Axis Chemicals, unaware it is an ambush to have him murdered for sleeping with Grissom's mistress Alicia Hunt. Although corrupt police lieutenant Max Eckhardt arranges the hit on Napier by conducting an unauthorized police operatio...

    Development

    In the late 1970s, Batman's popularity was waning. CBS was interested in producing a Batman in Outer Space film. Producers Benjamin Melniker and Michael E. Uslan purchased the film rights of Batman from DC Comics on October 3, 1979. It was Uslan's wish "to make the definitive, dark, serious version of Batman, the way Bob Kane and Bill Finger had envisioned him in 1939. A creature of the night; stalking criminals in the shadows." Richard Maibaum was approached to write a script with Guy Hamilt...

    Casting

    Parallel to the Superman casting, a who's who of Hollywood top stars were considered for the role of Batman, including Mel Gibson, Kevin Costner, Charlie Sheen, Tom Selleck, Bill Murray, Harrison Ford and Dennis Quaid. Burton was pressured by Warner Bros. to cast an obvious action movie star, and had approached Pierce Brosnan, but he had no interest in playing a comic book character. Burton was originally interested in casting an unknown actor, Willem Dafoe, who was falsely reported to be con...

    Design

    Burton had been impressed with the design of Neil Jordan's The Company of Wolves (1984), but was unable to hire its production designer Anton Furst for Beetlejuice as Furst had instead committed to Jordan's London-filmed ghost comedy High Spirits (1988), a choice he later regretted. A year later Burton successfully hired Furst for Batman, and they enjoyed working with each other. "I don't think I've ever felt so naturally in tune with a director," Furst said. "Conceptually, spiritually, visua...

    When discussing the central theme of Batman, director Tim Burton explained, "the whole film and mythology of the character is a complete duel of the freaks. It's a fight between two disturbed people", adding that "The Joker is such a great character because there's a complete freedom to him. Any character who operates on the outside of society and is deemed a freak and an outcast then has the freedom to do what they want... They are the darker sides of freedom. Insanity is in some scary way the most freedom you can have, because you're not bound by the laws of society". Burton saw Bruce Wayne as the bearer of a double identity, exposing one while hiding the reality from the world. Burton biographer Ken Hanke wrote that Bruce Wayne, struggling with his alter-ego as Batman, is depicted as an antihero. Hanke felt that Batman has to push the boundaries of civil justice to deal with certain criminals, such as the Joker. Kim Newmantheorized that "Burton and the writers saw Batman and the...

    The B.D. Fox ad agency created hundreds of unused logos and posters for promotion, many by John Alvin. In the end Burton and producers decided on only using a gold and black airbrush logo created by Bill Garland with no other key art variation, to keep an air of mystery about the film. Earlier designs "had the word 'Batman' spelled in RoboCop or Conan the Barbarian-type font". Jon Peters unified all the film's tie-ins, even turning down $6 million from General Motors to build the Batmobilebecause the car company would not relinquish creative control. During production, Peters read in The Wall Street Journal that comic book fans were unsatisfied with the casting of Michael Keaton. In response, Peters rushed the first film trailer that played in thousands of theaters during Christmas. It was simply an assemblage of scenes without music, but created enormous anticipation for the film, with audiences clapping and cheering. DC Comics allowed screenwriter Sam Hamm to write his own comic b...

    Box office

    Batman grossed $2.2 million in late night previews on June 22, 1989 on 1,215 screens and grossed $40.49 million in 2,194 theaters during its opening weekend. This broke the opening weekend records held by Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (which had a 4-day Memorial Day weekend gross of $37.0 million the previous month) and Ghostbusters II (which had a $29.4 million 3-day weekend the previous weekend). The film also set a record for a second weekend gross with $30 million (also the second bi...

    Critical response

    Batman was criticized by some for being too dark, but nonetheless received positive reviews from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 71% based on 76 reviews, with an average rating of 6.58/10. The site's critical consensus reads: "An eerie, haunting spectacle, Batman succeeds as dark entertainment, even if Jack Nicholson's Joker too often overshadows the title character." Metacritic gives an aggregated score of 69 out of 100, based on 21 critics, indicating "genera...

    Legacy

    Anton Furst and Peter Young won the Academy Award for Best Art Direction, while Nicholson was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor (Musical or Comedy). The British Academy of Film and Television Arts nominated Batman in six categories (Production Design, Visual Effects, Costume Design, Makeup, Sound and Actor in a Supporting Role for Nicholson), but it won none of the categories. Nicholson, Basinger, the makeup department, and costume designer Bob Ringwood all received nominati...

    Halfyard, Janet K. (October 28, 2004). Danny Elfman's Batman: A Film Score Guide (Paperback). A careful study of Elfman's scoring technique with a detailed analysis of the film itself. Scarecrow Pr...
    Craig Shaw Gardner (June 1, 1989). Batman (Mass Market Paperback). Novelization of the film. Hachette Book Group USA. ISBN 0-446-35487-2.
  3. 1998 in film - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › 1998_in_film

    6 days ago · The year 1998 in film involved many significant films, including Shakespeare in Love (which won the Academy Award for Best Picture), Saving Private Ryan, American History X, The Truman Show, Primary Colors, Rushmore, Rush Hour, There's Something About Mary, The Big Lebowski, and Terrence Malick's directorial return in The Thin Red Line.

  4. Wikipedia:Requested articles/Arts and entertainment/Film ...

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Wikipedia:Requested

    Jun 30, 2021 · Jefin Joy - Jefin Joy is an Indian Screenwriter and Film director known for the 2018 Malayalam crime thriller film "369". After graduating from SD college, Kanjirapally he wrote a 22 international award winning Malayalam short film " Laddoo " which premiered in the 2015 Vaughan International Film Festival, Canada.

  5. 1996 in film - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › 1996_in_film

    Jul 13, 2021 · July 10 – Nickelodeon releases its first feature film, Harriet the Spy, a spy-comedy-drama film based on the 1964 novel of the same name. It also launches the career of then-child actress Michelle Trachtenberg. Mid-July – Production begins on Titanic. September 20 – 75-year-old English actor Sir Dirk Bogarde suffers a severe stroke.

  6. Yuri (genre) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Shoujo-ai

    Jul 02, 2021 · Yuri ( Japanese: 百合, lit. " lily "), also known by the wasei-eigo construction girls' love (ガールズラブ, gāruzu rabu), is a genre of Japanese media focusing on intimate relationships between female characters. While lesbianism is a commonly associated theme, the genre is inclusive of works depicting emotional and spiritual ...

  7. Jul 01, 2021 · 2021 movies, 2021 movie release dates, and 2021 movies in theaters. A complete list of 2021 movies.

  8. Black Widow - Văduva neagră (2020) - Film - CinemaBox

    www.cinemabox.ro › film › Black-Widow-Vaduva-neagra-2020--14517

    Jul 09, 2021 · Black Widow - Văduva neagră (2020), Distribuţie Black Widow: Florence Pugh, Scarlett Johansson, Regia Black Widow: Cate Shortland, Sinopsis Black Widow:

  9. The 50 Best Movies on Netflix Right Now - The New York Times

    www.nytimes.com › article › best-movies-netflix

    Jul 15, 2021 · Here are our lists of the best TV shows on Netflix, the best movies on Amazon Prime Video and the best of everything on Hulu and Disney Plus. Image. Michael Douglas in the “The Game” (1997 ...

  10. Jul 15, 2021 · The first example of the work in the paper is that of the now UN General Assembly annual resolution Promoting investments for sustainable development. Work around the idea of requiring making it a listing requirement for companies on Stock Exchange to have to produce a sustainable development strategy and annual ESG reports was promoted by a group of investors lead by AVIVA and supported by ...

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