- related to: 20th century music history
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An Overview Of The 20th Century Music Era
- Transitioning from the Romantic Period. The 20th century period of music, as its name suggests, began around 1900. ...
- 20th Century Movements. ...
- War and Political Upheaval. ...
- Jazz and Ethnic Folk Influences. ...
- Minimalism and Use of Electronics and Technology. ...
- Aleatoric Music and Experimentalism. ...
- Classical Music in the 21st Century. ...
- Summary. ...
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The most important influence on 20th century music? African Americans and the musical culture they brought to this country developed within the bonds of slavery. Even before the 20th century began, blues music was evolving across the country out of the traditional African slave spirituals, work calls and chants. Of all the developing genres, the blues would be the most far-reaching, with its influence felt in everything from jazz to rock, country music to rhythm and blues, and classical music. That said, jazz's influence on the world music scene would be nothing short of transformational. Jazz saw its early development in the African American communities all throughout the South with rhythms reflecting the diversity of cultural influences from West Africa to the West Indies, from ragtime to the blues.
With similar roots to blues (and blues as one of its roots), jazz also took from another American art form ragtime to create its unique syncopated sound. Its early detractors were many, from Henry Ford to Thomas Edison, but racism was often the reason for cries of \\"it's immoral.\\" Yet the insistent, danceable, heartfelt sounds quickly spread American culture to the far corners of the globe.
Its ever-mutating style turned itself into swing music, soul and cool jazz. Jazz's knock-on effect was further seen in rock and roll's development in the United States in the 1950s. Artists from Elvis Presley to Chuck Berry created their rock and roll using the musical influences of boogie-woogie and blues, along with jazz. Rock's popularity quickly spread around the world, with groups such as the Beatles and the Rolling Stones often crediting early 20th century American music such as blues for their inspiration.
Soul music, which grew up alongside rock and roll, also developed out of African American gospel, and rhythm and blues traditions. As the century wore on, rhythm and blues boy bands such as New Edition (which could have stayed merely a bubblegum pop band of black youth created for a mainly white audience) took control of their music and helped create the new jack swing movement. A fusion of hip hop and R & B, new jack swing helped laid the groundwork for the next two decades of popular music. The end of the century saw the birth of hip-hop music and culture. In the mid-1970s in the Bronx, New York DJs began isolating percussion rhythms from songs and talking over and between the songs.
All histories are interesting, but the history of popular music is particularly interesting. The 20th century witnessed the rise of a new form of art that is still frantically evolving and far from
20th-century classical music describes art music that was written nominally from 1901 to 2000, inclusive. Musical style diverged during the 20th century as it never had previously. Consequently, this century was without a dominant style.
- Twelve-Tone System
- Second Viennese School
- Examples of Atonal and 12-Tone Music
An important aspect of 20th century music concerns new ideas of tonality. Whereas tonality refers to music in which a specific pitch relationships are based on a key "center," atonality is to write music that's not in any key at all or without any key or tonal center. This is called "atonal" music or sometimes referred to as "serial" especially in relation to the "twelve-tone" system.Â These compositions were written from the early 20th century, about 1907, where a hierarchy of pitches focusing on a single, central tone (or key) was not used as a primary foundation for the work. Â
The primary technique used in writing atonal music has been the twelve-tone system, in which the 12 notes of the chromatic scale are used. The composer chooses the notes either at random or according to guidelines; they are then used once each in a row. As soon as the 12 notes have been used, the same series begins again.
The Second Viennese School is a term used for the group of composers in the early 20th century Vienna, who adopted and developed the twelve-note system composition. In particular, the three leading proponents of this system:Â Arnold Schoenberg(1874-1951) and two of his pupils who further developed it, Alban Berg (1885-1935) and Anton Webern (1883-1945.)
One of the more extreme experiments used two or more keys at the same time. This was called polytonality. Other composers broke away from the standard major and minor scales and used the mode developed in medieval church music. Composers such as Ralph Vaughan-Williams and Maurice Ravelhave written music like this, called neo-modal music.
Schoenberg's Five Pieces for Orchestra, Opus 16 (atonal) Schoenberg's excerpts from Pierrot lunaire, Opus 21 (atonal)Â Â Schoenberg's Violin Concerto, Opus 36 (12-tone) Schoenberg's Piano Concerto, Opus 42 (12-tone) Berg's Chamber Concerto Berg's Lyric Suite Webern's Three Traditional Rhymes Webern's String Trio
America’s 20th Century • US led the production of new music in the late 20th century • Largely an expansion of European music – Many Europeans moved or traveled in the US • Bartok, Hindemith, Stravinsky, Schoenberg, Weill, Milhaud
Kindertotenlieder No. 1 "Nunn will Die Sonn' so hell aufgeh'n" by Gustav Mahler (1860-1911), orchestral song cycle 1901 The challenge for modernist composers To create new music that performers, audiences and critics considered equal to masterworks of the past
A prominent mark of late 19th century music is its nationalistic fervor, as exemplified by such figures as Dvořák, Sibelius, and Grieg. Other prominent late-century figures include Saint-Saëns, Fauré, Rachmaninoff, Franck, Debussy and Rimsky-Korsakov. 20th and 21st-century music
During the mid 20th Century, music, like the other arts, evolved inÂ variousÂ directions. Despite different paths taken, rhythm has been thoroughly explored by composers.Â Between 1930 - 1960 in music, saw the advent of rapid development.
- related to: 20th century music history