Events Asia. c. 1300–1046 BC: In China, the Shang dynasty flourishes as it settles its capital, Yin, near Anyang. Chinese settlers swarm in compact groups to create new clearing areas towards the Yangtze basin in the south, the Shanxi terraces in the northwest and the Wei River valley.
2000 BC – In the Old Assyrian Empire, the Sumerian cuneiform had evolved into Old Assyrian cuneiform, with many modifications to Sumerian orthography. 1950 BC—The copper bar cubit of Nippur defines the Sumerian cubit (approximately 51.72 cm).  c. 1900 BC - Cacao is domesticated by the Mokaya in Guatemala. Sovereign states