Excavated 1932–1933. c. 2900 BC – 2400 BC: Sumerian pictographs evolve into phonograms. 2900 BC – 2334 BC: Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period. 2900 BC- First Mariote Kingdom founded. 2890 BC: Egypt: Pharaoh Qa'a died. End of First Dynasty, start of Second Dynasty. Pharaoh Hotepsekhemwy started to rule.
37th century BC: 36th century BC: 35th century BC: 34th century BC: 33rd century BC: 32nd century BC: 31st century BC: 3rd millennium BC · 3000–2001 BC 30th century BC: 29th century BC: 28th century BC: 27th century BC: 26th century BC: 25th century BC: 24th century BC: 23rd century BC: 22nd century BC: 21st century BC: 2nd millennium BC ...
Late 4th millennium BC: Sumerian cuneiform writing system and Egyptian hieroglyphsare first used3200 BC: Cycladic culture in Greece.3200 BC: Caral-Supe civilization begins in Peru.3200 BC: Rise of Proto-Elamite Civilization in Iran.
- Early History
- Classical Antiquity
- End of Ancient History in Europe
- See Also
Classical antiquity is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. It refers to the timeframe of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Ancient history includes the recorded Greek history beginning in about 776 BC (First Olympiad). This...
The date used as the end of the ancient era is arbitrary. The transition period from Classical Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages is known as Late Antiquity. Late Antiquity is a periodization used by historians to describe the transitional centuries from Classical Antiquity to the Middle Ages, in both mainland Europe and the Mediterranean world: ge...Eastern Hemisphere in 500 BC.Eastern Hemisphere in 323 BC.Eastern Hemisphere in 200 BC.Eastern Hemisphere in 100 BC.Carr, E. H. (Edward Hallett). What is History?.Thorndike 1923, Becker 1931, MacMullen 1966, MacMullen 1990, Thomas & Wick 1993, Loftus 1996.Collingwood, R. G. (1946). The Idea of History. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Dodds, E. R. (1964). The Greeks and the Irrational. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press.
Excavated 1932–1933. 2897 BC: Hùng Vương established the Hồng Bàng Dynasty in Vietnam (then known as Văn Lang ). 2890 BC: Egypt: Pharaoh Qa'a died. End of First Dynasty, start of Second Dynasty. Pharaoh Hotepsekhemwy started to rule. 2880 BC: Estimated germination of the Prometheus Tree c. 2874 B.C.:
- 30th century BC, 29th century BC, 28th century BC
2nd century BC: Paper in Han dynasty China; 206 BC: Compass in Han dynasty China; Early 2nd century BC: Astrolabe invented by Apollonius of Perga. 1st century BC. 1st century BC: Segmental arch bridge (e.g. Pont-Saint-Martin or Ponte San Lorenzo) in Italy, Roman Republic; 1st century BC: News bulletin during the reign of Julius Caesar.
Ordinal periods 5th millennium BC 4th millennium BC 40th century BC 39th century BC 38th century BC 37th century BC 36th century BC 35th century BC 34th century BC 33rd century BC 32nd century BC 31st century BC 3rd millennium BC 30th century BC 29th century BC
The timeline begins at the Bronze Age, as it is difficult to give even estimates for the timing of events prior to this, such as of the discovery of counting, natural numbers and arithmetic.