The 2nd century BC started the first day of 200 BC and ended the last day of 101 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, although depending on the region being studied, other terms may be more suitable. It is also considered to be the end of the Axial Age.
Timeline: 2nd Century BCE (200 to 101) 200 The founders of the city are unknown, but evidense points to Olmecinfluence in the city's culture and architecture. 200 Sometime around now, people from an island in the east, in the Tonga or Samoans islands, become the first to inhabit Tahiti.
Jun 13, 2021 · "2nd century BCE" published on by HistoryWorld.YearEventc. 200 BCECement is in use for construction in Asia ...196 BCEThe Romans, after defeating Macedon, ...188 BCESparta's ancient political system comes ...c. 185 BCEPlautus and Terence, in the second and ...
Apr 06, 2021 · At the very end of the 2nd century BCE, a general named Gaius Marius reshaped what had been temporary forces of landowners into permanent, paid legions that grew ever more numerous and effective....
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- Major Figures
- Major Battles
- Impact on World History
Hannibal (247–183 bce) led Carthage against Rome during the Second Punic War. He is best known for his brilliant strategies and for leading his troops and war elephants south across the near-impassable Alps to invade Italy, considered one of the most impressive feats in ancient military history.
Julius Caesar(100–44 bce): general, proconsul, and eventually dictator of Rome, affected the lives and fortunes of millions of people as he led the Roman army to war and conquest. His influence and the civil war he began ended the fabled Roman republic and pushed Rome toward becoming an empire.
Vercingetorix (?–46 bce) was a prince of the Arverni tribe who emerged as a war leader during the conquest of Gaul by Julius Caesar. Vercingetorix united the many Celtic tribes of Gaul to fight the Roman invasion and is considered one of France’s earliest national heroes.
Mylae, 260 bce
The Roman victory at the Battle of Mylae in 260 bce was the first for the newly built Roman navy, and it signaled the slow transfer of sea power from Carthage to Rome during the First Punic War.
Drepana, 249 bce
The naval Battle of Drepana, fought between Rome and Carthage in 249 bce, was a devastating loss for Rome. Rome eventually rebuilt its navy and ended the First Punic War by defeating Carthage in a later battle in the same area.
Trebia, 218 bce
During the Second Punic War, the Carthaginian general Hannibal (247–183), defeated the Romans in three major battles in northern Italy. The Battle of Trebia (or Trebbia) was the first of these clashes.
The conquests of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire tied together much of Europe, the Middle East, Egypt, and North Africa with a common language, law code, and shared customs. This shared Roman influence laid the groundwork for Western civilization as it is today.
Early Hinduism (2nd century bce –4th century ce) The centuries immediately preceding and following the dawn of the Common Era were marked by the recension of the two great Sanskrit epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata (the latter incorporating into it the Bhagavadgita).
Jun 10, 2021 · Current online version: 2012. eISBN: 9780191735455. Read More. Jump to a year: BCE CE. Year. Event. c. 100. A naturalistic style of Buddhist sculpture develops in the Gandhara region, part of modern Pakistan.YearEventc. 100A naturalistic style of Buddhist ...c. 105A bridge is built over the river Tagus at ...106After two campaigns by Trajan the rich ...117Hadrian, governing Syria when he is ...
In the early part of the 2nd century bce, Hellenizing Jews took control of the high priesthood itself. As high priest from 175 to 172, Jason established Jerusalem as a Greek city, with Greek educational institutions.
May 13, 2020 · 200-197 BCE – Second Macedonian War. 2nd Century BCE. 197 BCE – Macedonians war ends with defeat of Philip V by T. Quinctius Flamininus at Cynoscephalae. Spain organized into two provinces. Revolt of Turdenati in Spain. Antiochus occupies Ephesus. 196 BCE – Marcus Porcius Cato consul. 195 BCE – Hannibal exiled, joins Antiochus ...