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Timeline: 2nd Century BCE (200 to 101) 200 The city of Teotihuacan, in central Mexico, is established – the city's earliest buildings dating from around this time. The founders of the city are unknown, but evidense points to Olmecinfluence in the city's culture and architecture. 200 Sometime around now, people from an island in the east, in the Tonga or Samoans islands, become the first to inhabit Tahiti.
The 2nd century BC started the first day of 200 BC and ended the last day of 101 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, although depending on the region being studied, other terms may be more suitable. It is also considered to be the end of the Axial Age.
Apr 10, 2021 · "2nd century BCE" published on by HistoryWorld.YearEventc. 200 BCECement is in use for construction in Asia Minor, possibly developed first in Pergamum Go to Pergamum in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.) See this event in other timelines: 3rd century BCE Technology Inventions and discoveries Asia West Asia Turkey The earth drawings of the Nazca people, known now as the Nazca Lines, are some of the largest works of art ever created See this event in other timelines: 3rd century BCE Civilizations of Peru Andean Civilizations Architecture American architecture Religion Latin America Peru South America Indian cavalrymen ride with their big toes in loops of leather or fabric - a first step towards the stirrup Go to stirrups in The Oxford Companion to Military History (1 ed.) See this event in other timelines: 3rd century BCE War Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Seafarers reach and colonize the Pacific island of Samoa Go to Polynesians in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.) See this event in other timelines: 3rd century BCE Migration Australia and Oceania Pacific Islands Society The oasis city of Palmyra acquires importance on the caravan route between Mesopotamia and the Mediterranean Go to Palmyra in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.) See this event in other timelines: 3rd century BCE Commerce and industry Asia West Asia Lebanon and Syria Society The Mochica develop a civilization, in the north of modern Peru, known for its realistic pottery sculpture Go to Mochica in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.) See this event in other timelines: 3rd century BCE Civilizations of Peru Andean Civilizations Arts Decorative arts Latin America Peru South America196 BCEThe Romans, after defeating Macedon, announce at the Isthmian Games that all Greek states are now free under Roman protection Go to Flāminī'nus, Titus Qui'nctius (c.229–174 bc) in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.) See this event in other timelines: Politics Conquest and colonization Europe Greece Italy Priests issue a decree on the first anniversary of the accession of Ptolemy V – it is the first three-script inscription to have been discovered, known now as the Rosetta Stone Go to Rosetta Stone in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.) The text of the Rosetta stone is chiselled into a black basalt slab in the three scripts hieroglyphic Egyptian, demotic Egyptian, and Greek Go to Rosetta Stone in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.) See this event in other timelines: Africa North Africa Egypt188 BCESparta's ancient political system comes to an end, but the ordeal by flogging lingers on as a tourist attraction in the temple of Artemis Go to Spartan cults in Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World (1 ed.) See this event in other timelines: Social and domestic Europe Greece Societyc. 185 BCEPlautus and Terence, in the second and third century BC, create a Roman drama based on Greek originals Go to Plautus, Titus Maccius (c.250–184 bc) in The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.) See this event in other timelines: Greek literature Latin literature Performing arts Theatre Literature Drama Europe Greece Italy
Apr 06, 2021 · At the very end of the 2nd century BCE, a general named Gaius Marius reshaped what had been temporary forces of landowners into permanent, paid legions that grew ever numerous and more effective.
- Major Figures
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- Impact on World History
Hannibal (247–183 bce) led Carthage against Rome during the Second Punic War. He is best known for his brilliant strategies and for leading his troops and war elephants south across the near-impassable Alps to invade Italy, considered one of the most impressive feats in ancient military history.
Julius Caesar(100–44 bce): general, proconsul, and eventually dictator of Rome, affected the lives and fortunes of millions of people as he led the Roman army to war and conquest. His influence and the civil war he began ended the fabled Roman republic and pushed Rome toward becoming an empire.
Vercingetorix (?–46 bce) was a prince of the Arverni tribe who emerged as a war leader during the conquest of Gaul by Julius Caesar. Vercingetorix united the many Celtic tribes of Gaul to fight the Roman invasion and is considered one of France’s earliest national heroes.
Mylae, 260 bce
The Roman victory at the Battle of Mylae in 260 bcewas the first for the newly built Roman navy, and it signaled the slow transfer of sea power from Carthage to Rome during the First Punic War.
Drepana, 249 bce
The naval Battle of Drepana, fought between Rome and Carthage in 249 bce, was a devastating loss for Rome. Rome eventually rebuilt its navy and ended the First Punic War by defeating Carthage in a later battle in the same area.
Trebia, 218 bce
During the Second Punic War, the Carthaginian general Hannibal (247–183), defeated the Romans in three major battles in northern Italy. The Battle of Trebia (or Trebbia) was the first of these clashes.
The conquests of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire tied together much of Europe, the Middle East, Egypt, and North Africa with a common language, law code, and shared customs. This shared Roman influence laid the groundwork for Western civilization as it is today.
Dec 13, 2020 · 200-197 BCE – Second Macedonian War. 2nd Century BCE. 197 BCE – Macedonians war ends with defeat of Philip V by T. Quinctius Flamininus at Cynoscephalae. Spain organized into two provinces. Revolt of Turdenati in Spain. Antiochus occupies Ephesus. 196 BCE – Marcus Porcius Cato consul. 195 BCE – Hannibal exiled, joins Antiochus. Masinissa starts raids on Carthaginian territory.
Hellenistic Judaism (4th century bce –2nd century ce) The Greek period (332–63 bce) Hellenism and Judaism. Contact between Greeks and Semites goes back to Minoan and Mycenaean times and is reflected in certain terms used by Homer and other early Greek authors. It is not until the end of the 4th century, however, that Jews are first mentioned by Greek writers, who praise them as brave, self-disciplined, and philosophical.
During 2nd century BCE the Sanchi stupa was nearly doubled in diameter, was encased in stone, and a balustrade and railing was built around it.  The Shunga dynasty (185–73 BCE) was established about 50 years after Ashoka's death.