Aaron Temkin Beck (born July 18, 1921) is an American psychiatrist who is professor emeritus in the department of psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania. He is regarded as the father of both cognitive therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy.
- President Emeritus
- Educational and Professional Background
- Publications, Awards and Honors
Aaron T. Beck, MD, is globally recognized as the father of cognitive therapy (CT) and one of the world’s leading researchers in psychopathology. He has been credited with shaping the face of American psychiatry, and The American Psychologisthas called him “one of the five most influential psychotherapists of all time.”
Dr. Beck graduated from Brown University in 1942 and Yale Medical School in 1946. Originally trained as a psychoanalyst, his explorations into psychoanalytic concepts of depression while working as a psychiatrist at the University of Pennsylvania led to his development of CT, which has since been found to be effective in hundreds of clinical trials for many different disorders. Dr. Beck has developed a number of scales to measure psychopathology that are used broadly throughout the world. He has participated on review panels of the National Institute of Mental Health, served on the editorial boards of many journals and lectured internationally. He has been a visiting scientist of the Medical Research Council at Oxford and a visiting professor at Harvard, Yale and Columbia. He is a visiting fellow of Wolfson College. He is also the honorary president of the Academy of Cognitive Therapy, a nonprofit organization of more than 800 certified cognitive therapists and 100 general members w...
Dr. Beck has published more than 600 articles and authored or co-authored 25 books. He is also the recipient of numerous awards, including the 2006 Albert Lasker Award for Clinical Medical Research and the Gustave O. Lienhard Award from the Institute of Medicine for “outstanding national achievement in improving personal health care services in the United States.” 1. Dr. Aaron Beck’s Publications 2. Dr. Aaron Beck’s Awards 3. Read Dr. Aaron Beck’s Recent Article: Advances in Cognitive Theory and Therapy: The Generic Cognitive Model*
Aaron T. Beck, MD. Dr. Beck. Dr. Beck developed Cognitive Therapy (CT), also known as Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT), in the 1960s. The original Center for ...
- Personal Life
- Professional Life
- Contribution to Psychology
- Books by Aaron Beck
Aaron T. Beck was the youngest of five children, born on July 18, 1921, in Rhode Island. He graduated from Brown University in 1942 and was an exemplary student, achieving magna cum laude and earning the William Gaston Prize for Excellence in Oratory and the Francis Wayland Scholarship. He continued his studies at Yale Medical School, where he earned his medical degree in 1946.His daughter, Judith Beck, is a cognitive therapy researcher and president of the Beck Institute for Cognitive Behavi...
Although Beck spent most of his career studying psychoanalysis, in the 1960s, Beck's research deviated significantly from traditional psychoanalytic methods, focusing instead on distorted thoughts that led to problematic behaviors. While working as a psychiatrist at the University of Pennsylvania, Beck struggled to find a way to help his depressed clients better capture their emotions. He realized that many of his depressed clients experienced recurring negative thoughts and that as long as t...
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy that focuses on changing negative thought patterns to effect changes in behavior. This goal-oriented approach is an effective treatment for many psychological issues, including mood problems, eating issues, substance use problems, anxiety, and depression. CBT can be delivered individually and in group settings that allow clients to collaborate with each other and their therapists for their own treatment.Over the years, CBT has evolved to...
1. The Diagnosis and Management of Depression (1967) 2. Depression: Causes and Treatment (1972) 3. Cognitive Therapy and the Emotional Disorders (1975) 4. Cognitive Therapy of Depression (with John Rush, Brian Shaw, & Gary Emery, 1979) 5. Cognitive Therapy in Clinical Practice: An Illustrative Casebook (with Jan Scott & Mark Williams, 1989) 6. The Integrative Power of Cognitive Therapy (with Brad Alfred, 1998) 7. Prisoners of Hate: The Cognitive Basis of Anger, Hostility, and Violence (1999)...
Aaron Temkin Beck is an American psychiatrist who is professor emeritus in the department of psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania. He is regarded as the father of cognitive therapy, and his pioneering theories are widely used in the treatment of clinical depression.
- July 18, 1921
- A Pragmatic Approach to Therapy
- A Family Affair
- Further Reading
Aaron T. Beck was born in Providence, Rhode Island, on July 18, 1921, the third son of Russian Jewish immigrants. His father was a printer by trade who seriously abided by his socialist ideals. His rather overbearing mother was known for her extreme mood swings. Beck had two siblings who died before he was born. Beck's childhood typified middle-class America, complete with his involvement in Boy Scoutsand athletics. From this mediocrity rose one of America's ground-breaking psychotherapists. Beck developed what is known as cognitive therapy , which is used for cases ranging from depression and panic attacks to addictions, eating disorders , and even the most severe psychiatric illnesses. Beck's childhood strongly influenced his approach to therapy. A life-threatening staph infection at the age of eight changed his life. At this point, Beck was transformed from a very active young man to a quiet one who preferred reading to playing football. As a child, he developed a fearof hospital...
Beck and his wife, Phyllis, a Superior Court Judge in Philadelphia, have four children and eight grandchildren. One of his children, Dr. Judith Beck, became director at the Beck Institute, working closely with her father. As a younger man he was driven by his work. As an older man he became more driven by his family. For years his main supporter was his wife, at a time when his beliefs were not popular. Throughout his career he has continued to meet his critics by encouraging them to test his theories and his results. Rather than being a boorish scientist too smug to be proven wrong, Beck welcomes any challenges in his pursuit of what is best for his patients. What was originally a method to solve depression has now evolved further. According to his daughter, Prozac and other modern anti-depressant drugs have changed the clientele they see at the Institute. More complicated problems bring people to their doors at the beginning of the twenty-first century. These are problems that mig...
Beck, Aaron T., M.D. Prisoners of Hate: The Cognitive Basis of Anger, Hostility, and Violence. New York: Harper-Collins Publishers, 1999. Goode, Erica. "A therapy modified for patient and times." The New York Times(January 11, 2000). Goode, Erica. "Pragmatist embodies his no-nonsense therapy. (Dr. Aaron T. Beck and his 'cognitive therapy.')" The New York Times(January 11, 2000).
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)Beck Depression InventoryBeck Hopelessness ScaleBeck Institute for Cognitive Behavior Therapy
- Best Known For
- Contributions to Psychology
- Select Publications
Beck entered Yale intent on studying psychiatry, but became discouraged after taking his first course in psychoanalysis, which he initially viewed as "nonsense." Eventually, after completing a psychiatric rotation, he became fascinated with the psychoanalytic approach and what he believed was its ease in answering questions about psychological disorders. “I have come to the conclusion,” Beck wrote in a 1958 letter to a colleague, “that there is one conceptual system that is peculiarly suitable for the needs of the medical student and physician-to-be: Psychoanalysis.” Beck spent much of the early part of his career studying and researching psychoanalysis, particularly in the use of the treatment of depression.1 After a few years of practicing psychoanalytic therapy, Beck began to find that the approach lacked the scientific rigor, structure, and empirical evidence that he desired. His interests shifted to the cognitive approach, and his research in this area intensified after taking...
In addition to his widely used assessment scales, Beck has published more than 580 professional papers and 24 books over the course of his career. Beck has also received numerous honors for his work including five honorary degrees, The Lienhard Award from The Institute of Medicine for his development of cognitive therapy, and the Kennedy Community Health Award.3 Today, Beck continues to serve as the director of the Aaron T. Beck Center for Recovery-Oriented Cognitive Therapy Research and Practice as well as a Professor Emeritus at the University of Pennsylvania. His work has influenced numerous psychologists including Martin Seligmanand his daughter Judith S. Beck.
Beck, A.T. (1967). The diagnosis and management of depression. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. Beck, A.T. (1972). Depression: Causes and treatment. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. Beck, A.T. (1975). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. Madison, CT: International Universities Press, Inc. Beck, A.T., Rush, A.J., Shaw, B.F., & Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Beck, A.T., Freeman, A., & Davis, D.D. (2003). Cognitive therapy of personality disorders. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Beck, A.T., Emery, G., & Greenberg, R.L. (2005). Anxiety disorders and phobias: A cognitive perspective. New York, NY: Basic Books. Clark, D.A., & Beck, A.T. (2010). Cognitive therapy of anxiety disorders: Science and practice. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Hollon, S. D. (2010). Aaron T. Beck: The cognitive revolution in theory and therapy. In L. G. Castonguay, J. C. Muran, L. Angus, J. A. Hayes, N. Ladany, & T. Anderson (Eds.), Bringing psychotherapy research to life: Understanding change through the work of leading clinical researchers (p. 63–74). American Psychological Association. https:// https://doi.org/10.1037/12137-006
Aaron T. Beck is one of the leading clinical theorists of the last half century. Coming of age at a time when dynamic theory was monolithic and psychoanalysis the dominant method of treatment, he began his career by seeking to confirm the primacy of unconscious motivations and ended up formulating a theory of disorder that emphasized the role of inaccurate beliefs and errors in thinking that were largely accessible to conscious introspection. This novel cognitive theory led him to formulate principles of change that he codified into a cognitive therapy that has become one of the most widely practiced and best empirically supported interventions in the field today (DeRubeis & Crits-Christoph, 1998). Beck has been the recipient of numerous honors and is the only psychiatrist to have received research awards from the American Psychological Association, the American Psychological Society, the American Psychiatric Association, and the Institute of Medicine. He has lectured throughout the...
Castonguay, Louis G. (Ed); Muran, J. Christopher (Ed); Angus, Lynne (Ed); Hayes, Jeffrey A. (Ed); Ladany, Nicholas (Ed); Anderson, Timothy (Ed). (2010). Bringing psychotherapy research to life: Understanding change through the work of leading clinical researchers , (pp. 63-74). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association, xxii, 378 pp.
1-4338-0774-2 (Hardcover); 1-4338-0775-0 (Digital (undefined format)); 978-1-4338-0774-9 (Hardcover); 978-1-4338-0775-6 (Digital (undefined format))
Number of Citations: 29, Number of Citations Displayed: 29 1. Beck, A. T., & Freeman, A. M. (1990). Cognitive therapy of personality disorders. Guilford Press. 2. Beck, A. T., Brown, G., Berchick, R. J., Stewart, B. L., & Steer, R. A. (1990). Relationship between hopelessness and ultimate suicide: A replication with psychiatric outpatients. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 147(2), 190–195. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/ajp.147.2.190 3. Beck, A. T., Brown, G. K., & Steer, R. A. (1997). Psychometric characteristics of the scale for suicide ideation with psychiatric outpatients. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35(11), 1039–1046. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7967(97)00073-9 4. Beck, A. T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. International Universities Press. 5. Beck, A. T. (1970). Cognitive therapy: Nature and relation to behavior therapy. Behavior Therapy, 1(2), 184–200. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7894(70)80030-2 6. Beck,A. T. (1967). Depression: Clinical, expe...
- Steven D. Hollon
- Rhode Island, United States
- Bio. Aaron T. Beck, best known for being a Teacher, was born in Rhode Island, United States on Monday, July 18, 1921. Psychiatrist and professor emeritus in the University of Pennsylvania’s Department of Psychiatry.
- Aaron T. Beck’s zodiac sign is Cancer. Aaron T. Beck zodiac sign is a Cancer. Dates of Cancer are June 21 - July 22. Those born under the zodiac sign Cancer need to be needed.
- He is currently 99 years old. The American teacher has been alive for 36,235 days or 869,642 hours. There were precisely 1,228 full moons after his birth to this day.
- On Aaron T. Beck’s birthday. The world’s population was and there were an estimated babies born throughout the world in 1921, Warren G. Harding (Republican) was the president of the United States, and the number one song on Billboard 100 was [Not available].
Jan 18, 2019 · Aaron T. Beck, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, 3535 Market St., Office 3093, Philadelphia, PA 19104 E-mail: [email protected] PMID: 30799751 First Page
- Aaron T. Beck