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  1. Abraham - Wikipedia › wiki › Abraham

    Abraham (originally Abram) is the common patriarch of the Abrahamic religions, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. In Judaism, he is the founding father of the covenant of the pieces, the special relationship between the Hebrews and God; in Christianity, he is the spiritual progenitor of all believers, Jewish or Gentile (non-Jewish); and in Islam he is seen as a link in the chain of ...

  2. Abraham - Jewish Virtual Library


    Sarah bore Abraham a son, Isaac (in Hebrew, Yitzchak), a name derived from the word "laughter," expressing Abraham's joy at having a son in his old age. (Gen 17-18). Isaac was the ancestor of the Jewish people.

  3. Who was Abraham in the Bible? | › life-Abraham

    Apr 26, 2021 · God called Abraham out of the millions of people on the earth to be the object of His blessings. God used Abraham to play a pivotal role in the outworking of the story of redemption, culminating in the birth of Jesus. Abraham is a living example of faith and hope in the promises of God ( Hebrews 11:8–10 ).

  4. Profile of Abraham Father of the Jewish Nation

    • God's Covenant with Abraham
    • Abraham's Accomplishments
    • Abraham's Strengths and Weaknesses
    • Life Lessons
    • Hometown
    • Referenced in The Bible
    • Occupation
    • Family Tree

    This marked the beginning of the covenant God established with Abraham. It was also Abraham's first test from God since he and his wife Sarai(later changed to Sarah) were still without children. Abraham demonstrated remarkable faith and trust, immediately leaving his home and his clan the moment God called him to the unknown territory of Canaan. Accompanied by his wife and nephew Lot, Abraham prospered as a rancher and shepherd, as he made his new home surrounded by pagans in the Promised Land of Canaan. Still childless, however, Abraham's faith wavered in subsequent times of testing. When famine struck, rather than waiting on God for provision, he packed up and took his family to Egypt. Once there, and fearing for his life, he lied about his beautiful wife's identity, claiming she was his unmarried sister. Pharaoh, finding Sarah desirable, took her from Abraham in exchange for generous gifts, to which Abraham raised no objections. You see, as a brother, Abraham would be honored by...

    Abraham is the great patriarch of Israel, and to New Testamentbelievers, "He is the father of us all (Romans 4:16)." The faith of Abraham pleased God. God visited Abraham on several unique occasions. The Lord spoke to him numerous times, once in a vision and once in the form of three visitors. Scholars believe that the mysterious "King of Peace" or "King of Righteousness," Melchizedek, who blessed Abram and to whom Abram gave a tithe, may have been a theophany of Christ(a manifestation of deity). Abraham carried out a brave rescue of Lot when his nephew was taken captive after the Battle of the Valley of Siddim.

    God tested Abraham severely in more than one instance, and Abraham demonstrated extraordinary faith, trust, and obedience to the will of God. He was well-respected and successful in his occupation. He also had the courageto face a powerful enemy coalition. Impatience, fear, and a tendency to lie under pressure were a few of Abraham's weaknesses revealed in the biblical account of his life.

    One crucial lesson we learn from Abraham is that God can and willuse us in spite of our weaknesses. God will even stand by us and rescue us from our foolish mistakes. The Lord is greatly pleased by our faith and willingness to obey him. Like most of us, Abraham came to the full realization of God's purpose and promise only over a long period of time and a process of revelation. Thus, we learn from him that God's callingwill usually come to us in stages.

    Abraham was born in the city of Ur of the Chaldeans (present-day Iraq). He traveled 500 miles to Haran (now southeast Turkey) with his family and stayed there until his father's death. When God called Abraham, he moved 400 miles south to the land of Canaan and lived there most of the rest of his days.

    Genesis 11-25
    Exodus 2:24
    Acts 7:2-8
    Romans 4

    As head of a semi-nomadic clan of herdsmen, Abraham became a successful and prosperous rancher and shepherd, raising livestock and farming the land.

    Father: Terah (A direct descendant of Noah through his son, Shem.) Brothers: Nahor and Haran Wife: Sarah Sons: Ishmael and Isaac Nephew: Lot

  5. Abraham: An Introduction to His Life and Times

    www.jesuswalk.comabraham › 0_intro
    • Career
    • Abraham's Names
    • Moon Worship in Ur and Haran
    • Abraham's Religion
    • Authorship of Genesis and The Pentateuch
    • Dating of Abraham
    • Chronology
    • Chief Places Abraham Lived
    • Commentaries
    • References

    You can't adequately sum up Abraham's career in a single paragraph, but for the sake of perspective, here's an attempt: Abraham was a semi-nomadic shepherd to whom God revealed himself, made promises, and entered into covenant concerning Abraham's offspring and the land that they would inherit in the future. Abraham's belief in these promises was counted by God as righteousness and his faith shaped his life. Ultimately these promises find their fulfillment in Jesus the Messiah and all those who trust in Yahweh, the true God, Abraham's spiritual children. Abraham was called both a Hebrew (14:13) and an Aramean (Deuteronomy 26:5; cf. 25:20; 28:5; 31:20, 24). He was born in Ur and moved to Haran with his father Terah. At God's call, he traveled to Canaan and lived for a while in various localities, in particular: Shechem, Hebron, Bethel, and the Negev desert, with sojourns to Egypt and Gerar. Genesis records that he led a band of armed men to rescue his nephew Lot from kings who had ca...

    You'll notice that Abraham and Sarah are referred to as "Abram" and "Sarai" in chapters 11 to 16 until God changes their names in 17:5 and 17:15. While the scientific etymology may be uncertain, the scripture indicates the meaning of their names as follows. 'Abis the Hebrew word for "father." Nevertheless, I'll be using the names Abraham and Sarah throughout this study to avoid unnecessary confusion.

    Abraham's ancestors were idolaters and polytheists (worshippers of many gods). Joshua reminds the people, "Long ago your forefathers, including Terah the father of Abraham and Nahor, lived beyond the River and worshiped other gods" (Joshua 24:2). Jacob's wife Rachel, who probably grew up with Terah's religion, stole her father's "household gods" (31:32-35; 35:2-4). Archaeology shows that both Ur in Lower Mesopotamia and Haran in Upper Mesopotamia were centers of moon worship. Even the names Terah, Laban, Sarah, and Milcah contain elements that reveal allegiance to the moon-god. Sumerian culture in southern Mesopotamia had a number of gods in its pantheon: four leading deities -- An, Enlil, Enki, and Ninhursag -- and three chief astral deities -- Nanna (the moon), Nanna's son Utu (the sun), and Nanna's daughter Inanna. Enlil was considered the chief god, with his cult center at the city of Nippur. Other Sumerian cities had their own special deities as well. Nanna, the moon-god, was t...

    Abraham's faith grew as God revealed himself. By the time we see him in Genesis 12 he is a monotheist, a worshipper of one God. He apparently used two words for God -- El, the generic Canaanite name for the cosmic deity and Yahweh. Yahweh is sometimes translated "Jehovah" in the KJV and expressed as the "LORD" in the KJV, NIV, RSV, NRSV, etc., following the Jewish tradition of not pronouncing the divine name, but substituting Adonai, "Lord," instead. Abraham called this God by several other names compounded with Yahweh and El: 1. God Most High (El Elyon, 14:19, 22, "maker of heaven and earth") 2. Almighty God (El Shaddai, 17:1) 3. Everlasting/Eternal God (El Olam, 21:33, = "Yahweh") 4. Jehovah-Jireh (22:14, "The Lord the Provider") Abraham's monotheism contrasts sharply with the polytheism of his forebears (Joshua 24:2). He believed God to be the Lord of the cosmos (14:22; 24:3), supreme judge of mankind (15:14;18:25), controller of nature (18:14; 19:24; 20:17), highly exalted (14:2...

    Though the traditional view is that Moses was the author of the Pentateuch, since the Enlightenment there has been growing speculation on who the authors were. The most celebrated and complex theory of authorship was advanced by German Old Testament scholar Julius Wellhausen (1844-1918), which is referred to as "the Documentary Hypothesis." He posited four strands of sources which are abbreviated JEDP: The Yahwistic strand could be identified, so goes the theory, by the editor's use of Yahweh (Jehovah) or LORDfor God; the Eloistic strand by the use of El for God. Wellhausen was widely influential and the theory grew more and more complex -- and speculative. These days, however, Wellhausen's JEDP theory is in disarray. R.N. Whybray commented in 1995 on the state of Pentateuchal studies: Certainly Jesus, the Jews, and the early church all believed that the Pentateuch (which the Jews referred to as "the law") was inspired by God and attributed it as a whole to Moses. It's likely that t...

    Just when did Abraham live? We can't know that for sure either. It is difficult to find fixed events in Genesis that can be connected absolutely to dates established from archaeology. One approach to dating Abraham is to backtrack from the first fixed event we find in the Bible -- a statement that Solomon laid the temple foundation in the 480th year after the exodus (1 Kings 6:1), which would date the exodus at about 1447-1446 BC. Working backward from the genealogies and other data in the Pentateuch puts the birth of Abraham in 2166 BC, and frames Abraham's life from 2166 to 1991 BC. However, there are several problems with this approach. First, textual: the Greek Septuagint and the Samaritan Pentateuch agree with Paul (Galatians 3:17) that the 430 years of Exodus 12:40 apply to the whole time span between Abraham and the Exodus, not just the Israelite stay in Egypt as the Hebrew Masoretic text would suggest, bringing Abraham's birth year to 1952. Second, genealogies in Bible occas...

    For your interest I have included a chronology of Abraham's life so you can see how these events fit together.

    As a semi-nomadic shepherd and donkey trader, Abraham moved frequently. Here are some of the places he lived.

    I've found two Genesis commentaries particularly helpful. For the layman (and pastor), get an inexpensive paperback copy of Derek Kidner, Genesis(Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries; InterVarsity Press, 1968), 224 pages, ISBN 0877842515. For pastors, get the more detailed, 2-volume set of Victor P. Hamilton, The Book of Genesis (New International Commentary on the Old Testament; Eerdmans). Chapters 1-17, 1990, 522 pages, ISBN 0802825214. Chapters 18-50, 1995, 774 pages, ISBN 0802823092. Others to consider are Bruce K. Waltke, Genesis(Zondervan, 2001), 656 pages, ISBN 0310224586, and Gordon J. Wenham, Genesis (Word Biblical Commentary; Nelson Reference). Chapters 1-15 (1987, 406 pages, ISBN 0849902002); Chapters 16-50(1994, 566 pages, ISBN 0849902010). Abraham may still be 4,000 years distant and a world away, but hopefully you understand his times just a bit better.

    Common Abbreviations 1. Robin Gallaher Branch, "Sarah," DOTP 733-736; Paul R. Williamson, "Abraham," DOTP 8-17. 2. Kidner, Genesis, p. 111. Sarai (Sarah) is the equivalent of sarratu, "queen," an Akkadian translation of a Sumerian name for Ningal, the female partner of the moon-god Sin. Milcah is the same as the name of the goddess Malkatu, the daughter of Sin. Laban means "white," or "white one," a poetic name for the full moon. (Hamilton, Genesis1:363.) 3. Robert H. Stein, "Sumer," ISBE 4:653-662. According to Sumerian myths, Sin was the child that resulted from Enlil's rape of Ninlil. Sin's wife was Ningal. Together they had three children, each of whom became prominent deities: Shimachu, the sun-god, Ereshkigal, queen of the underworld, and the youngest, Inanna (known as Ishtar in Semitic lands), who became Queen of Heaven. (from James W. Bell's Ancient Sumeria. ). 4. Alfred J. Hoerth, Gerald...

  6. BBC - Religions - Judaism: Abraham › religion › religions
    • Abraham's life. Map of the locations in Abraham's story. The story of Abraham and his descendents is found in the book of Genesis. We first meet him in Genesis chapter 11, although at this stage his name is Abram.
    • Abraham's significance. Uniting three faiths. Peter Stanford, writer and journalist © Abraham is an extraordinary figure in that almost alone of the Biblical characters he unites, or has the potential to unite, the three great monotheistic religions: Christianity, Judaism and Islam.
    • Further reading. Genesis, Robert Alter (Ed), pub: W W Norton (1998) Voices from Genesis: Guiding us through the stages of life, Norman J Cohen, pub: Jewish Lights Publishing (1999)
    • Find out more. Muslim view of Abraham. Top.
  7. The Call of Abraham (11:27-12:9). Abraham moves from being a moon-worshipper to following the Lord. He learns to hear, believe, and act on God's voice. Sarah's Abduction (Genesis 12:10-20 and 20:1-18). Famine strikes and they move to Egypt, where Sarah is abducted and Abraham deceives to save his own live.

  8. Abraham - A Man of Faith - YouTube › watch

    Watch the story of Abraham. God told Abram to leave his native land and his father's house for a land that God would show him, promising to make of him a gre...

    • 15 min
    • 885.5K
    • TheFaithTube
  9. The Three Visitors - The LORD appeared to Abraham near the great trees of Mamre while he was sitting at the entrance to his tent in the heat of the day. Abraham looked up and saw three men standing nearby. When he saw them, he hurried from the entrance of his tent to meet them and bowed low to the ground. He said, “If I have found favor in your eyes, my lord, do not pass your servant by. Let ...

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