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  1. Abraham Harold Maslow (/ ˈ m æ z l oʊ /; April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970) was an American psychologist who was best known for creating Maslow's hierarchy of needs, a theory of psychological health predicated on fulfilling innate human needs in priority, culminating in self-actualization.

    • Early Life
    • Professional Life
    • Contribution to Psychology

    Abraham Harold Maslow was born and raised in Brooklyn, New York; he was the oldest of seven children. At the prestigious Boys High School in Brooklyn, Maslow excelled academically and was active in the Latin and physics clubs. Maslow attended the College of the City of New York and spent one semester at Cornell. Eventually, he transferred to the University of Wisconsin where he was exposed to psychology courses; he earned his bachelor’s degree in psychology in 1930. He taught as an assistant instructor at the university, and worked under psychologist Harry Harlow, earning his MA in 1931 and PhD in 1934. He married Bertha Goodman in 1928, and the couple raised two children. Maslow died of a heart attack in 1970.

    In 1935, Maslow returned to New York to work at Columbia Teachers College where he met and was mentored by Alfred Adler. Later, he worked as a psychology instructor at Brooklyn College, beginning in 1937, where he developed a relationship with Max Wertheimer, a gestaltpsychologist, and an anthropologist named Ruth Benedict. These two people were not only Maslow’s friends, but quickly became the subject of his research. He observed and assessed them and this formed the foundation for his theories on human potential and psychological well-being. From 1951–1969, Maslow was chair of the psychology department at Brandeis University in Massachusetts. In the late 1950s, humanistic psychologybecame increasingly popular, with Maslow widely regarded as its founding father. He was recognized for his contributions to the humanistic approach to psychology when he received the honor of Humanist of the Year by the American Humanist Association in 1967.

    Maslow’s humanistic psychology is based on the belief that people are born with the desire to achieve their maximum potential or reach a point Maslow termed self-actualization. Maslow chose to focus his research on the experiences of emotionally healthy people, and he identified their “peak experiences,” moments when they were in complete harmony and unison with the world around them. Rather than focusing on deficiencies, humanistic psychologists argue in favor of finding people's strengths. Maslow argued that his philosophy was a complement to Freudian psychology. He pointed out that, while Sigmund Freudfocused on treating “sick” people, his approach focused on helping people discover positive outcomes and choices. Maslow's hierarchy of needsis the framework around which humanistic psychology is built. Like other theories of development, it is a stage-based theory. A person must complete one level of the hierarchy to move on to the next, but not all people move through all stages....

    • Quotes
    • Early years
    • Education
    • Origins
    • Influence
    • Characteristics
    • Impact
    • Criticism

    \\"The story of the human race is the story of men and women selling themselves short.\\" Abraham Maslow

    Abraham Maslow was born on April 1, 1908, in Brooklyn, New York, where he grew up the first of seven children born to his Jewish parents who emigrated from Russia. Maslow later described his early childhood as unhappy and lonely, and he spent much of his time in the library immersed in books.

    Eventually, Maslow went on to study law at City College of New York (CCNY) and married his first cousin Bertha Goodman. He later switched to the University of Wisconsin where he developed an interested in psychology and found a mentor in psychologist Harry Harlow who served as his doctoral advisor. Maslow earned all three of his degrees in psychology from the University of Wisconsin: a bachelor's degree in 1930, a master's degree in 1931 and a doctorate in 1934.

    Abraham Maslow began teaching at Brooklyn College in 1937 and continued to work as a member of the school's faculty until 1951. During this time, he was heavily influenced by Gestalt psychologist Max Wertheimer and anthropologist Ruth Benedict. Maslow believed that they were such exceptional people that he began to analyze and take notes on their behavior. This analysis served as the basis for his theories and research on human potential.

    During the 1950s, Maslow became one of the founders and driving forces behind the school of thought known as humanistic psychology. His theories including the hierarchy of needs, self-actualization and peak experiences became fundamental subjects in the humanist movement.

    Maslow believed that self-actualizing people possess a number of key characteristics. Some of these include self-acceptance, spontaneity, independence and the ability to have peak experiences.

    At a time when most psychologists focused aspects of human nature that were considered abnormal, Abraham Maslow shifted focus to look at the positive sides of mental health. His interest in human potential, seeking peak experiences and improving mental health by seeking personal growth had a lasting influence on psychology.

    While Maslows work fell out of favor with many academic psychologists and some suggest his hierarchy might be due for an update, his theories are enjoying a resurgence due to the rising interest in positive psychology.

    • Kendra Cherry
  2. Sep 29, 2017 · Abraham Maslow’s Life. Abraham Maslow was born in New York in 1908. He was the son of poor Russian-Jewish parents, who, like many others at the time, immigrated from Eastern Europe to flee persecution and secure a better future for their family (Hoffman, 2008).

  3. Abraham Maslow biography Abraham Harold Maslow (April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970) psychologist and psychiatrist, founder of humanistic psychology. He was born in Brooklyn, New York, United States. His parents were Jewish emigrants from Russia. As a child, he was raised strictly and that is why he was an orderly young man. Although he […]

  4. Abraham Maslow, American psychologist and philosopher best known for his self-actualization theory of psychology, which argued that the primary goal of psychotherapy should be the integration of the self. Maslow was an important contributor in the United States to humanistic psychology.

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