5 days ago · Adolf, Count Palatine of the Rhine (1300–1327) Adolf, Duke of Jülich-Berg (1370–1437) Adolphus VIII, Count of Holstein (1401–1459), Duke of southern Jutland; Adolf, Duke of Bavaria (1434–1441) Adolph I, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen (d. 1473) Adolph II, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen (1458–1526) Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (1526–1586)
- Noble wolf, wolf power or bright wolf
- German, French, Italian, Spanish, Welsh, Portuguese
- German pronunciation: [ˈaːdɔlf]
6 days ago · Born in Heidelberg, he was a son of Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria and Agnes of the Palatinate. Agnes was a daughter of the Welf, Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine, her grandfathers were Henry XII the Lion and Conrad of Hohenstaufen .
To conciliate France, which had considerable influence in German affairs thanks to the League of the Rhine, the newly elected Emperor promised not to assist Spain, then at war with France. This marked the beginning of a nearly 47-year reign characterized by a lasting rivalry with France and its king, Louis XIV. The latters dominant personality ...