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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Al-GhazaliAl-Ghazali - Wikipedia

    Al-Ghazali wrote most of his works in Arabic and few in Persian. His most important Persian work is Kimiya-yi sa'adat (The Alchemy of Happiness). It is al-Ghazali's own Persian version of Ihya' 'ulum al-din (The Revival of Religious Sciences) in Arabic, but a shorter work. It is one of the outstanding works of 11th-century-Persian literature.

    • Algazel
    • Islam
    • Life
    • Al-Ghazâlî’S Reports of The Falâsifa’S Teachings
    • Al-Ghazâlî’S “Refutations” of Falsafa and Ismâ’Îlism
    • The Place of Falsafa in Islam
    • The Ethics of The Revival of The Religious Sciences
    • Cosmology in The Revival of The Religious Sciences
    • Causality in Al-Ghazâlî

    Later Muslim medieval historians say that Abû HâmidMuhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazâlî was born in 1058 or 1059in Tabarân-Tûs (15 miles north of modern Meshed, NE Iran),yet notes about his age in his letters and his autobiography indicatethat he was born in 1055 or 1056 (Griffel 2009, 23–25).Al-Ghazâlî received his early education in his hometown ofTu...

    After having already made a name for himself as a competent author oflegal works, al-Ghazâlî published around 1095 a number ofbooks where he addresses the challenges posed by falsafa andby the theology of the Ismâ’îlite Shiites. Themovement of falsafa (from Greek: philosophía)resulted from the translation of Greek philosophical and scientificlitera...

    Al-Ghazâlî describes the Incoherence of thePhilosophers as a “refutation” (radd) of thephilosophical movement (Ghazâlî 1959a, 18 = 2000b, 61),and this has contributed to the erroneous assumption that he opposedAristotelianism and rejected its teachings. His response tofalsafa was far more complex and allowed him to adopt many ofits teachings. The f...

    In his attempt to define the boundaries of Islamal-Ghazâlî singles out a limited number of teachings thatin his opinion overstep the borders. In a separate book, TheDecisive Criterion for Distinguishing Islam from ClandestineUnbelief (Faysal al-tafriqa bayna l-Islâmwa-l-zandaqa) he clarifies that only teachings that violatecertain “fundamental doct...

    Soon after al-Ghazâlî had published his two refutations offalsafa and Ismâ’îlism he left his positionat the Nizâmiyya madrasa in Baghdad. During this period he beganwriting what most Muslim scholars regard as his major work, TheRevival of the Religious Sciences (Ihyâ’‘ulûm al-dîn). The voluminous Revivalis a comprehensive guide to ethical behavior ...

    Despite his declared reluctance to enter into theological discussions,al-Ghazâlî addresses in his Revival importantphilosophical problems related to human actions. In the 35th book on“Belief in Divine Unity and Trust in God” (Kitâbal-Tawhîd wa-l-tawakkul) he discusses the relationshipbetween human actions and God’s omnipotence as creator of theworl...

    Al-Ghazâlî’s cosmology of God’s determinationand His control over events in His creation through chains of causes(singl. sabab) aimed at safeguarding the Sunni doctrine ofomnipotence and divine pre-determination against the criticism ofMu’tazilites and Shiites. Humans have only the impression of afree will (ikhtiyâr). In reality they are compelled ...

  2. al-Ghazālī, also spelled al-Ghazzālī, in full Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Ṭūsī al-Ghazālī, (born 1058, Ṭūs, Iran—died December 18, 1111, Ṭūs), Muslim theologian and mystic whose great work, Iḥyāʾ ʿulūm al-dīnIḥyāʾ ʿulūm al-dīn (“The Revival of the Religious Sciences”), made Sufism (Islamic mysticism) an acceptable part of orthodox Islam.

    • William Montgomery Watt
    • Criticism of Philosophy
    • Reconciliation of Orthodoxy and Mystical Islam
    • Legacy
    • Works
    • Referencesisbn Links Support Nwe Through Referral Fees
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    The Incoherence (Tuhafut al-Tuhafut), which Ghazali wrote while teaching in Baghdad, marked a turning point in Islamic philosophy in its vehement rejections of Aristotle and Plato. The book took aim at the falasifa, a loosely defined group of Islamic philosophers from the eighth century through the eleventh centuries. It especially singled out Ibn ...

    His Ihya was in many respects his answer to his own Incoherency; he details in four volumes and ten books how the religious life should be lived, what knowledge is beneficial, what knowledge harmful (or blameworthy), and how beneficial knowledge should be acquired and spread. He regards both the pursuit and the sharing of knowledge as profoundly Is...

    W. M. Watt (1953; 1995) speaks for many when he describes al-Ghazali as 'the greatest Muslim after Muhammad', and says that 'he is by no means unworthy of that dignity' (13). However, on a negative note it has been argued that al-Ghazali's encounter with skepticism led him to embrace a form of theological occasionalism, or the belief that all causa...

    Islamic theology 1. al-Munqidh min al-dalal, (Deliverance from Error) (translated by W. M. Watt; .ghazali.org. ) 2. al-1qtisad fi'I-i`tiqad (The Middle Path in Theology) 3. al-Risala al-Qudsiyya (The Jerusalem Epistle) 4. Kitab al-arba'in fi usul al-din (The Book of Knowledge} 5. Mizan al-'amal (Criterion of Action) Sufism 1. Ihya Ulum al-din, "The...

    Boston, Andrew G. “The 9/11 Commission and Jihad,” FrontPageMagazine.com, July 30, 2004.
    Campanini, M. 'Al-Ghazzali', S. H. Nasr, and Oliver Leaman. History of Islamic Philosophy. London: Routlege, 2001. ISBN 0415259347
    Al-Ghazali. Al-Ghazali’s Tahafut-al-Falsifah,(translated by Sabih Ahmad Kamali). Lahore: Pakistan Philosophical Congress, 1963.
    Al-Ghazali. Kitab al-Wagiz fi fiqh madhab al-imam al-Safi’i,(translated by Michael Schub). Beirut: 1979.

    All links retrieved April 30, 2021. 1. Al-Ghazali Web Site(comprehesnive, links to almost all of Ghazali's work avaliable online) 2. Full text of The Alchemy of Happinesstr. Claud Field, 1909.

  3. May 23, 2021 · Imam al-Ghazali was born in the city of Tus, the second city of Khorasan after Nishapur, in the year 450 A.H. Ibn 'Asakir said: Imam Ghazali was born in Tus in the year four-hundred and fifty. He began with some jurisprudence (fiqh) there as a child. He then went to Nishapur where he attended the lessons of Imam al-Haramayn [al-Juwayni].

  4. Al-Ghazali (full name أبو حامد محمد بن محمد الطوسي الغزالي , Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad aṭ-Ṭūsī al-Ġazālī; latinized Algazelus or Algazel; c. 1058 – 19 December 1111) was one of the most prominent and influential philosophers, theologians, jurists, and mystics of Sunni Islam . He was of Persian origin.

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