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  1. Alphonse Pénaud (31 May 1850 – 22 October 1880), was a 19th-century French pioneer of aviation design and engineering. He was the originator of the use of twisted rubber to power model aircraft, and his 1871 model airplane, which he called the Planophore, was the first aerodynamically stable flying model.

    • 22 October 1880 (aged 30)
    • Aeronautical inventor and engineer
    • French
    • 31 May 1850, Paris
  2. Alphonse Pénaud, (born 1850, Paris, France—died October 1880, Paris), French aeronautical pioneer. Pénaud was the son of an admiral but suffered from a degenerative hip condition that prevented his following a family tradition of service in the French navy.

  3. May 31, 2019 · Alphonse Pénaud, a French aviation pioneer, was born May 31, 1850. In the early 1870s, Pénaud began building model aircraft powered by twisted rubber cords, the first to use what we would call a rubber-band motor. In 1871, he flew a model aircraft in the Tuileries for the Aeronautical Society of France.

  4. Nov 30, 2009 · Alphonse Pénaud The Pénaud Planophore - 1871 & 1872 As the end of the nineteenth century was approaching, it was becoming apparent, due to the advancement in technology, that manned flight was on the threshold of becoming a reality. With the Industrial Revolution in full swing, capital was trickling into aviation experiments.

  5. Alphonse Pénaud (31 May 1850 – 22 October 1880), was a 19th-century French pioneer of aviation design and engineering. He was the originator of the use of twisted rubber to power model aircraft, and his 1871 model airplane, which he called the Planophore, was the first aerodynamically stable flying model. Read more on Wikipedia

  6. Alphonse Pénaud was born in 1850 in Paris. Pénaud planned to join the Navy. Then he suffered a disabling illness. .... So he turned to inventing a flying machine. He was no idle dreamer. He worked methodically. He thought through questions of stability and propulsion. Pénaud was 21 when he finally perfected a rubber-band-driven model airplane.

  7. Born in Paris in 1850, Alphonse Pénaud was the first precursor to design a stable aircraft, a small scale model named "Planaphore". This small plane was shown to the members of the "Société Française de Navigation Aérienne" in Paris (French Aerial Navigation Society, one of the first aviation organization).

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