Andronikos II Palaiologos (Greek: Ἀνδρόνικος Παλαιολόγος; 25 March 1259 – 13 February 1332), usually Latinized as Andronicus II Palaeologus, reigned as Byzantine Emperor from 1282 to 1328. Andronikos' reign was marked by the beginning of the decline of the Byzantine Empire.
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Andronikos II was born Andronikos Doukas Angelos Komnenos Palaiologos (Greek: Ἀνδρόνικος Δούκας Ἄγγελος Κομνηνός Παλαιολόγος) at Nicaea. He was the eldest surviving son of Michael VIII Palaiologos and Theodora Palaiologina, grandniece of John III Doukas Vatatzes. Andronikos was acclaimed co-emperor in 1261, after his father Michael VIII recovered Constantinople from the Latin Empire, but he was not crowned until 1272. Sole emperor from 1282, Andronikos II immediately repudiated his father's unpopular Church union with the Papacy, which he had been forced to support while his father was still alive, but he was unable to resolve the related schism within the Orthodox clergy until 1310. Andronikos II was also plagued by economic difficulties. During his reign the value of the Byzantine hyperpyron depreciated precipitously, while the state treasury accumulated less than one seventh the revenue (in nominal coins) that it had previously. Seeking to increase revenue and reduce expenses, An...
On 8 November 1273 Andronikos II married as his first wife Anna of Hungary, daughter of Stephen V of Hungary and Elizabeth the Cuman, with whom he had two sons: 1. Michael IX Palaiologos(17 April 1277 – 12 October 1320). 2. Constantine Palaiologos, despotes (c.1278 – 1335). Constantine was forced to become a monk by his nephew Andronikos III Palaiologos. Anna died in 1281, and in 1284 Andronikos married Yolanda (renamed Irene), a daughter of William VII of Montferrat, with whom he had: 1. John Palaiologos (c.1286–1308), despotes. 2. Bartholomaios Palaiologos (born 1289), died young. 3. Theodore I, Marquis of Montferrat(1291–1338). 4. Simonis Palaiologina (1294–after 1336), who married King Stefan Milutinof Serbia. 5. Theodora Palaiologina (born 1295), died young. 6. Demetrios Palaiologos (1297–1343), despotēs. 7. Isaakios Palaiologos (born 1299), died young. Andronikos II also had at least three illegitimate daughters: 1. Irene, who married John II Doukas, ruler of Thessaly. 2. Mari...Bartusis, Mark C. (1997). The Late Byzantine Army: Arms and Society 1204–1453. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 978-0-8122-1620-2. https://books.google.com/books?id=rUs-hHd89xAC.Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). "Andronicus II". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1(11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 976.Fine, John Van Antwerp (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5. h...Kazhdan, Alexander, ed (1991). Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6.
Template:Roman Emperors Warning:Default sort key "Andronikos 02 Palaiologos" overrides earlier default sort key "Palaiologos, Andronikos".
- 25 March 1259 Nicaea, Byzantine Empire
- Theodora Palaiologina
- Michael VIII Palaiologos
- Anna of Hungary (1260–1281)
Andronikos II Palaiologos (Greek: Ἀνδρόνικος B' Παλαιολόγος, c. 1192 – 1 April 1251, Rhaidestos) was a high-ranking Byzantine general and Grand Domestic under John III Doukas Vatatzes. During the Scythian Wars, Andronikos overthrew John III in a palace coup and reigned as Byzantine emperor from 1245 to 1249. His usurpation was challenged by several rival claimants, including John III's son Theodore II Laskaris. His reign was dominated by the Mongol and Bulgarian...
Andronikos retired to honorable exile to the port city of Rhaidestos, on the European side of the Marmara Sea. He was named governor of the city and received the high-ranking and prestigious title of Despot, which was second only to the Emperor himself in the Byzantine court ......
- c. 1192 Constantinople, Byzantine Empire
- Maria Eirene Michael John
- Andronikos Komnenos Palaiologos
- Eastern Orthodox
Andronikos II Palaiologos (Greek: Ανδρόνικος Β' Παλαιολόγος) (25 March 1259, Nicaea – February 13, 1332, Constantinople) — also Andronicus II Palaeologus — reigned as Byzantine emperor from 1282 to 1328.
Andronikos II Palaiologos (Greek: Ανδρόνικος Βʹ Παλαιολόγος; 25 March 1259 – 13 February 1332), usually Latinized as Andronicus II Palaeologus, was Byzantine emperor from 11 December 1282 to 23 or 24 May 1328.
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This was not the first time a Byzantine married a Serbian. On February 7, 1392, the young lady Jelena Dragaš arrived in Constantinople, the bride-to-be of Emperor Manuel II Palaiologos (1391-1425).
Andronikos II Palaiologos of Paleologus (Grieks: Ἀνδρόνικος Β′ Παλαιολόγος; 25 Maart 1259 - 13 Februarie 1332) was van 1282 tot 1328 keiser van die Bisantynse Ryk.
Andronikos was born in Constantinople on 25 March 1297, the 38th birthday of his paternal grandfather, Byzantine Emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos. His father, Michael IX Palaiologos, began reigning in full imperial style as co-emperor circa 1295.
Andronikos II. Palaiologos ( 25. března 1259 , Nikaia – 13. února 1332 , Konstantinopol ) vládl jako druhý císař z rodu Palaiologovců v Byzantské říši v letech 1282 – 1328 . Obsah