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  1. Anthony McLeod Kennedy (born July 23, 1936) is an American lawyer and jurist who served as an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1988 until his retirement in 2018. He was nominated to the court in 1987 by President Ronald Reagan, and sworn in on February 18, 1988. After the retirement of Sandra Day O'Connor in 2006 ...

    • Lawyer and Judge
    • on The Bench
    • Obamacare and Same-Sex Marriage
    • Impact and Legacy

    In his years of private practice, Kennedy followed his father’s political affiliation in the Republican Party. He worked as a lobbyist in California and became friends with Ed Meese, another lobbyist with close ties to Ronald Reagan. Kennedy assisted then-Governor Reagan in drafting Proposition 1, a ballot initiative to cut state spending. Though t...

    Early in his tenure, Kennedy proved to be markedly conservative. In his first term, he voted with Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist and Justice Antonin Scalia, two of the court's most conservative members, more than 90 percent of the time. With Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, Kennedy contributed critical votes that led to winning conservative majorit...

    On June 25, 2015, Kennedy voted in favor of upholding a key component of the 2010 Affordable Care Act, President Barack Obama’s health care law, also known as Obamacare. The 6 to 3 ruling preserved the law, allowing the federal government to provide nationwide tax subsidies to help Americans buy health insurance. Justice Kennedy joined fellow Repub...

    It was in the case of Lawrence v. Texasthat Supreme Court observers noted Justice Kennedy became a leading proponent of using foreign and international law as an aid to interpreting the U.S. Constitution. He referred to foreign laws enacted by the Parliament of the United Kingdom and the European Court of Human Rights in supporting his decision. Th...

  2. Anthony Kennedy, in full Anthony McLeod Kennedy, (born July 23, 1936, Sacramento, California, U.S.), associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1988 to 2018. Kennedy received a bachelor’s degree from Stanford University in 1958 and a law degree from Harvard University in 1961. He was admitted to the bar in 1962 and subsequently practiced law in San Francisco and ...

    • Professional Career
    • Early Life and Education
    • Approach to The Law
    • Judicial Career
    • Supreme Court Statistics
    • Noteworthy Cases
    • Recent News
    • See Also
    • External Links
    1988-2018: Associate justice, Supreme Court of the United States
    1979-1990:Member, Committee on Pacific Territories, Judicial Conference of the United States
    1979-1987:Member, Advisory Panel on Financial Disclosure Reports and Judicial Activities, Judicial Conference of the United States
    1975-1988: Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit

    Kennedy grew up in Sacramento, California. He served as a page in the California State Senate when he was young. Kennedy graduated from C. K. McClatchy High School in 1954 and went on to earn his B.A. in political science from Stanford University in 1958. He spent his senior year at the London School of Economics. He earned his Bachelor of Laws fro...

    Kennedy's judicial philosophy often focused on his interpretation of individual constitutional rights. Examples include his majority opinions in Boumediene v. Bush, which ruled that Guantanamo Bay prisoners have a right to habeas corpus, and Romer v. Evans, which ruled that an amendment to the Colorado state constitution barring the state and local...

    United States Supreme Court

    President Ronald Reagan nominated Kennedy to the Supreme Court after Reagan's failed attempts at nominating both Robert Bork and Douglas Ginsburg. While vetting Kennedy for a potential nomination, some of Reagan's Justice Department lawyers said that Kennedy was too eager to inject the courts into disputes that many conservatives would rather leave to legislatures and to identify rights not expressly written in the Constitution. Kennedy's stance favoring privacy rights also drew criticism. Ke...

    Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals

    Prior to his appointment to the Supreme Court, Kennedy served on the United States Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit. He was recommended by then-Governor Ronald Reagan to President Gerald Ford, who nominated Kennedy on March 3, 1975. Kennedy received his commission on March 24, 1975. He was only 38 years old when he was appointed to the Ninth Circuit and was the youngest federal appellate judge in the country.

    Opinions by year

    Below is a table of the number of opinions, concurrences, dissents and splits (concur in part, dissent in part) that Kennedy has issued since joining the Supreme Court according to the data on Cornell University’s Legal Information Institute and from the annual Stat Pack produced by the website SCOTUSBlog.

    Frequency in majority

    In the 2017 term, Kennedy was in the majority in 92 percent of decisions. He was in the majority in more than any of the eight justices except John Roberts. In the 2016 term, Roberts was in the majority in 97 percent of decisions. He was in the majority more often than all other justices during this term. Since the 2011 term, Roberts has been in the majority more than 80 percent of the time each term, and been in the majority more than 90 percent of the time six times.

    The noteworthy cases listed in this section include any case where the justice authored a 5-4 majority opinion or an 8-1 dissent. Other cases may be included in this section if they set or overturn an established legal precedent, are a major point of discussion in an election campaign, receive substantial media attention related to the justice's ru...

    The link below is to the most recent stories in a Google news search for the terms Anthony Kennedy Supreme Court.These results are automatically generated from Google. Ballotpedia does not curate or endorse these articles., "When the swing justice doesn't swing," November 22, 2013
    The Wall Street Journal, "Justice Kennedy on choosing cases, 'empathy,' and diversity," October 10, 2013
    San Francisco Chronicle, "Justice Anthony Kennedy notes power shift," March 7, 2013
    Time Magazine, "What will Justice Kennedy do?" June 18, 2012
  3. Since being confirmed to sit on the Supreme Court in 1988, Anthony McLeod Kennedy (1936 – ) has frequently been in the middle of his bitterly divided colleagues in First Amendment cases. Kennedy retired from the Court in July 2018. Anthony Kennedy was born in Sacramento, California, and educated at Stanford University, London School of ...

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